Omaezaki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Omaezaki

御前崎市
Cape Omaezaki
Cape Omaezaki
Flag of Omaezaki
Flag
Official seal of Omaezaki
Seal
Location of Omaezaki in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Omaezaki in Shizuoka Prefecture
Omaezaki is located in Japan
Omaezaki
Omaezaki
 
Coordinates: 34°38′16.6″N 138°7′41.1″E / 34.637944°N 138.128083°E / 34.637944; 138.128083Coordinates: 34°38′16.6″N 138°7′41.1″E / 34.637944°N 138.128083°E / 34.637944; 138.128083
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
Government
 • MayorShigeo Ishihara (since April 2008)
Area
 • Total65.56 km2 (25.31 sq mi)
Population
 (July 31, 2019)
 • Total32,422
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeMyrica rubra
- FlowerCalystegia soldanella
Phone number0537-85-1111
Address5585, Ike-Shinden, Omaezaki-shi, Shizuoka-ken 437-1692
WebsiteOfficial website
Omaezaki City Hall

Omaezaki (御前崎市, Omaezaki-shi) is a city located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Omaezaki is located at the tip of Omaezaki Peninsula on Japan's Pacific coast. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 32,422 in 12,095 households [1], and a population density of 490 persons per km². The total area of the city was 65.56 square kilometres (25.31 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Omaezaki City lies approximately 80 miles (130 km) south of Shizuoka City at the tip of a peninsula of the same name, stretching east into the Pacific Ocean. The majority of the city consists of gentle hills and valleys with some steep cliffs on the peninsula's east coast. Like much of Japan, Shizuoka Prefecture is an earthquake zone, and small tremors frequently occur in the area. Omaezaki is also in an area at risk from tsunami.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Omaezaki has fairly constant over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 24,363—    
1950 29,721+22.0%
1960 28,894−2.8%
1970 27,402−5.2%
1980 30,774+12.3%
1990 34,237+11.3%
2000 36,059+5.3%
2010 34,700−3.8%

Climate[edit]

Omaezaki has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). Due to its location, Omaezaki experiences strong coastal winds between October and April. The Japanese rainy season also affects Omaezaki, with typhoons liable to hit the city between July and September. During summer, the region is cooler than the majority of inland Shizuoka Prefecture.The average annual temperature in Omaezaki is 16.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2125 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.3 °C.[3]

Climate data for Omaezaki, Shizuoka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.6
(51.1)
13.3
(55.9)
17.6
(63.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.0
(75.2)
27.2
(81.0)
29.2
(84.6)
26.7
(80.1)
22.1
(71.8)
17.6
(63.7)
12.6
(54.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.5
(43.7)
9.3
(48.7)
14.2
(57.6)
18.0
(64.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.5
(76.1)
26.1
(79.0)
23.6
(74.5)
18.8
(65.8)
14.0
(57.2)
8.7
(47.7)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.7
(36.9)
5.3
(41.5)
10.9
(51.6)
14.9
(58.8)
18.7
(65.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.7)
21.0
(69.8)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.9
(40.8)
12.7
(54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.7
(3.02)
97.1
(3.82)
166.7
(6.56)
190.2
(7.49)
216.4
(8.52)
280.4
(11.04)
222.9
(8.78)
215.6
(8.49)
211.3
(8.32)
170.7
(6.72)
135.3
(5.33)
70.4
(2.77)
2,053.7
(80.86)
Average relative humidity (%) 59 61 64 75 78 85 88 85 80 73 68 63 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.1 175.7 191.9 176.7 201.8 148.5 177.6 223.8 167.1 161.2 161.3 189.7 2,173.4
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [4]

History[edit]

With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the village of Omaezaki was created within Haibara District of Shizuoka Prefecture. It was elevated to town status on March 31, 1955. On April 1, 2004, Omaezaki merged with the town of Hamaoka (formerly of the now-defunct Ogasa District) to form the city of Omaezaki.

During the 2002 FIFA World Cup, the England national football team was based in former Hamaoka Town.

Government[edit]

Omaezaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 16 members.

Economy[edit]

Omaezaki has a long history of commercial fishing and of green tea cultivation and these continue to play a central role in the local economy. More recently, the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant situated in the former town of Hamaoka brought investment to the city; however, operations at the plant have been suspended from May 2011. Water sports account for a large number of visitors daily to the city, and during the summer months, tourism attracted by Omaezaki's beaches is an important part of the economy, and water sports made possible by strong coastal winds have become as much a part of Omaezaki's identity as that of a rural town.

Education[edit]

Omaezaki has five public elementary schools and two public middle schools and one high public school operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one vocational training school.

Transportation[edit]

Tea fields in Omaezaki

Railway[edit]

Omaezaki does not have any passenger rail services.

Highway[edit]

Seaports[edit]

  • Port of Omaezaki

Local attractions[edit]

Omaezaki City has long been famed for its Omaezaki Lighthouse and its extensive green tea fields. In recent years the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant, the visitor centre of which also hosts an Omnimax Cinema, has become a well-known local landmark. Due to the active seismic nature of the region, the nuclear power station has been built to a high level of safety, and its operator, Chubu Electric Power, claims that it can withstand strong tremors.

Culture[edit]

As a result of the strong coastal winds, Omaezaki offers some of the best windsurfing in Japan. As well as being Japan's most famous windsurfing spot, Omaezaki is renowned as a popular surfing and bodyboarding destination. This is especially true during the summer months, although surfers and bodyboarders can be seen all year round at Omaezaki Long Beach (御前崎ロングビーチ). The city also has a beach as part of Omaezaki Marine Park (御前崎マリーンパーク) which is a popular destination during the region's hot and humid summer months.

Sister city relations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Omaezaki City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Omaezaki population statistics
  3. ^ Omaezaki climate data
  4. ^ "Omaezaki Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Omaezaki, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons