Oman competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. This was the nation's eighth consecutive appearance at the Olympics.
Four athletes from Oman were selected to the team, competing only in athletics and shooting. This was also the nation's smallest delegation sent to the Olympics since 2004. Double trap shooter Ahmed Al-Hatmi was the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Oman, however, has yet to win its first ever Olympic medal.