|ريال عماني (Arabic)|
|Freq. used||100 baisa, 1⁄2, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 rials|
|Rarely used||200 baisa|
|Coins||5, 10, 25, 50 baisa|
|Central bank||Central Bank of Oman|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2011 est.|
|Pegged with||US dollar (USD)
1 rial = $2.6008 USD
Before 1940, the Indian rupee and the Maria Theresa thaler (known locally as the rial) were the main currencies circulating in Muscat and Oman, as the state was then known, with rupees circulating on the coast and Thaler in the interior. Maria Theresa Thaler were valued at 230 paisa, with 64 paisa equal to the rupee.
In 1940, coins were introduced for use in Dhofar, followed, in 1946, by coins for use in Oman. Both coinages were denominated in baisa (equivalent to the paisa), with 200 baisa to the rial. The Indian rupee and, from 1959, the Gulf rupee continued to circulate.
In 1970, the rial Saidi (not to be confused with Saudi riyal) was made the currency of Oman. It was equal to the British pound and replaced the Gulf rupee at a rate of approximately 21 rupees to the rial. The new rial was subdivided into 1000 baisa. The rial Omani replaced the rial Saidi at par in 1973. The currency name was altered due to the regime change in 1970 and the subsequent change of the country's name.
For a wider history surrounding currency in the region, see The History of British Currency in the Middle East.
In the 1890s, coins for 1⁄12 and 1⁄4 anna ( 1⁄3 and 1 paisa) were minted specifically for use in Muscat and Oman.
In 1940, coins were issued for use in Dhofar in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 baisa. 1⁄2 rial coins were added in 1948, followed by 3 baisa in 1959. In 1946, 2, 5 and 20 baisa coins were introduced for use in Oman. These were followed, between 1959 and 1960, by 3 baisa, 1⁄2 and 1 rial coins.
In 1970, a coinage for all of Muscat and Oman was introduced. Denominations were 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 baisa. In 1975, new coins were issued with the country's name given as Oman. 1⁄4 and 1⁄2 rial coins were introduced in 1980. Coins currently circulating are
- 5 baisa
- 10 baisa
- 25 baisa
- 50 baisa
100 baisa, 1⁄4 rial, and 1⁄2 rial coins made of non-precious metal were also issued in the 1980s.
On 7 May 1970, the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman issued banknotes in denominations of 100 baisa, 1⁄4, 1⁄2, 1, 5 and 10 rial saidi. These were followed by notes for 100 baisa, 1⁄4, 1⁄2, 1, 5 and 10 Omani rials issued by the Oman Currency Board on 18 November 1972.
From 1977, the Central Bank of Oman has issued notes, with 20 and 50 rial notes introduced that, followed by 200 baisa notes in 1985. A new series of notes was issued in 1995, and the 5-rial notes and higher were updated in 2000 with foil strips:
|100 baisa||Green||Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said, irrigation canal||Verreaux eagle, white oryx|
|1⁄2 rial||Brownish-purple||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Bahla fortress||Al-Hazim fort, Nakhal Fort|
|1 rial||Purple||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan Qaboos Sports Complex||Omani Khanjar (dagger), silver bracelets and ornaments, dhows|
|5 rials||Red||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan Qaboos University||Nizwa|
|10 rials||Brown||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Al-Nadha tower||Muttrah Fort|
|20 rials||Blue||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque (Muscat)||Royal Opera House Muscat|
|50 rials||Pink & violet||Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Ministry of Finance and Economy Building (Muscat)||Cabinet building and Ministry of Finance and Industry building (Muscat)|
In 2005, a red 1 rial note commemorating the "35th National Day" was issued.
In 2010, new 5, 10, 20 and 50-rial notes were issued on the occasion of the 40th National Day. The 20-rial note is blue instead of green while the other notes are the same colour as previously.
In 2015, a purple 1 rial note commemorating the "45th National Day" was issued.
As of 2017, notes in circulation are the 2010 series for higher denominations, the 2015 1-rial note, and the 1995 series of 100 baisa and 1⁄2 rial. The 200-baisa note is still in circulation but not commonly seen, and older notes of 1-rial and above are still accepted though not found in circulation.
Fixed exchange rate
From 1973 to 1986, the rial was pegged to U.S. dollar at 1 rial = $2.895 USD. In 1986, the rate was changed to 1 rial = $2.6008 USD, which translates to approximately $1 USD = 0.384497 rial. The Central Bank buys U.S. dollars at 0.384 rial, and sell U.S. dollars at 0.385 rial. It is the third-highest-valued currency unit after the Kuwaiti dinar and the Bahraini dinar.
|Current OMR exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW|
|From XE:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW|
|From OANDA:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY KRW|
Note: Rates obtained from these websites may contradict with pegged rate mentioned above
- "CBO Annual Report 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Muscat and Oman". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Oman". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Chapter six, CBO Annual Report 2003
- Daily exchange rate, Central Bank of Oman
- Information on Omani currency
- Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Coins used in Oman
- The banknotes of Oman (in English) (in German)
Ratio: 1 rial = approximately 21 rupees = 1 British pound
|Currency of Oman
Note: known as "rial Saidi" before 1973, since known as "rial Omani"