Omar M. Yaghi

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Omar Mwannes Yaghi
Yaghi3.jpg
Born (1965-02-09) February 9, 1965 (age 55)
Alma materUniversity at Albany, SUNY
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Harvard University
AwardsAAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize (2007)
RSC Centenary Prize (2010)
King Faisal International Prize (2015)
Mustafa Prize (2015)
Albert Einstein World Award of Science (2017)
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences (2018)
Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2018)
Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water (2018)
ENI award for Energy (2018)
Gregori Aminoff Prize (2019)
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of California, Berkeley
Doctoral advisorProf. Walter G. Klemperer
Websiteyaghi.berkeley.edu

Omar M. Yaghi (Arabic: عمر مونّس ياغي‎; born February 9, 1965) is the James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and an elected member of the US National Academy of Sciences[1].

Early life and Education[edit]

Yaghi was born in Amman, Jordan in 1965 to a refugee family,[2][3] originally from Palestine.[4] He grew up in a household with many children, but only had limited access to clean water and without electricity.[5] At the age of 15, he moved to the United States at the encouragement of his father.[6] Although he knew little English, he began classes at Hudson Valley Community College, and later transferred to the University at Albany, SUNY to finish his college degree. He began his graduate studies at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and received his PhD in 1990 under the guidance of Walter G. Klemperer. He was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University (1990–1992) with Professor Richard H. Holm.

Career[edit]

He was on the faculties of Arizona State University (1992–1998) as an assistant professor, the University of Michigan (1999–2006) as the Robert W. Parry Professor of Chemistry, and the University of California, Los Angeles (2007-2012) as the Christopher S. Foote Professor of Chemistry as well as holding the Irving and Jean Stone Chair in Physical Sciences.[7]

In 2012, he moved to the University of California, Berkeley where he is now the James and Neeltje Tretter Professor of Chemistry. He is the Founding Director of the Berkeley Global Science Institute. He is also a Co-Director of the Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute of the University of California, Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, as well as the California Research Alliance by BASF.


Professional work[edit]

Yaghi pioneered reticular chemistry, a new field of chemistry concerned with stitching molecular building blocks together by strong bonds to make open frameworks.[8][9][10] His most recognizable work is in the design and production of new classes of compounds known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs),[11][12] zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs),[13] and covalent organic frameworks (COFs).[14] MOFs are noted for their extremely high surface areas (5640 m2/g for MOF-177)[15] and very low crystalline densities (0.17 g·cm−3 for COF-108).[16] Yaghi also pioneered molecular weaving, and synthesized the world’s first material woven at the atomic and molecular levels (COF-505)[17][18].

He has been leading the effort in applying these materials in clean energy technologies including hydrogen and methane storage,[19][20] carbon dioxide capture and storage,[21][22] as well as harvesting water from desert air.[23]

He is the second most cited chemist in the world (2000–2010).[24]

Honors and Awards[edit]

His accomplishments in the design and synthesis of new materials have been honored by the Solid State Chemistry Award of the American Chemical Society and Exxon Co. (1998), and the Sacconi Medal of the Italian Chemical Society (2004). His work on hydrogen storage was recognized by the US Department of Energy Hydrogen Program Award (2007). He received the Materials Research Society Medal for work in the theory, design, synthesis and applications of metal-organic frameworks[25] and received the Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for the best paper published in Science (2007).[26] Yaghi is the recipient of the American Chemical Society Chemistry of Materials Award (2009),[27] Izatt-Christensen International Award (2009),[28] the Royal Society of Chemistry Centenary Prize (2010),[29] as well as China Nano Award (2013).[30] In 2015 he was awarded both the King Faisal International Prize in Chemistry[31] and the Mustafa Prize in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.[32] In 2016 he was awarded TÜBA Academy Prize in Basic and Engineering Sciences for establishing Reticular Chemistry.[33][34] In 2017, Yaghi was awarded the Spiers Memorial Award from the Royal Society of Chemistry,[35] the Medal of Excellence of the First Order bestowed by King Abdullah II,[36] the Japan Society of Coordination Chemistry International Award,[37] the Bailar Medal in Inorganic Chemistry,[38] the Kuwait Prize in Fundamental Sciences,[39] and the Albert Einstein World Award of Science conferred by the World Cultural Council.[40] In 2018, Yaghi was awarded the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences for pioneering Reticular Chemistry,[41] and also in 2018 he received the Wolf Prize in Chemistry in which he was cited for pioneering reticular chemistry via metal-organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks.[42][43] His work on water harvesting from desert air using metal-organic frameworks[44][45][46] was showcased by the World Economic Forum in Switzerland as one of the top 10 emerging technologies,[47] and was awarded the 2018 Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water.[48] Yaghi also received the 2018 Eni Award in recognition of his work in applying framework chemistry to clean energy solutions including methane storage, carbon dioxide capture and conversion, and water harvesting from desert air.[49][50] He was honored with the 2019 Gregori Aminoff Prize by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for the development of reticular chemistry[51]. In 2019, he also received the MBR Medal for Scientific Excellence of the United Arab Emirates[52], as well as the Nano Research Award.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ " National Academy of Sciences Elects Members and Foreign Associates ", National Academy of Sciences, Retrieved on 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ " Omar Yaghi Winner of Wolf Prize in Chemistry - 2018 ", Wolf Foundation, Retrieved on 4 March 2018.
  3. ^ " Acceptance speech of Albert Einstein World Award of Science by Professor Omar M. Yaghi ", World Cultural Council, Retrieved on 4 March 2018.
  4. ^ عمر ياغي في مؤسسة الكويت للتقدّم العلمي. alqabas.com (in Arabic). 6 December 2017.
  5. ^ " Omar Yaghi: Harvesting water from desert air ", [ Molecular Frontiers Symposium "Planet Earth: A Scientific Journey", at Stockholm University, May 9-10, 2019 ], Retrieved on 30 December 2019.
  6. ^ " The Alchemist ", Forbes, Retrieved on 1 February 2018.
  7. ^ " Wolf Prize in Chemistry ", Angewandte Chemie, Retrieved on 9 January 2020.
  8. ^ " Omar Yaghi wins Albert Einstein World Award of Science ", Chemical & Engineering News, 10 July 2017. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  9. ^ " Makoto Fujita and Omar Yaghi win Wolf Prize in Chemistry ", Chemical & Engineering News, 19 February 2018. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  10. ^ " Spiers Memorial Lecture - Progress and prospects of reticular chemistry ", Royal Society of Chemistry, 18 August 2017. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  11. ^ K. Sanderson (2007). "Materials Chemistry: Space Invaders". Nature. 448 (7155): 746–8. Bibcode:2007Natur.448..746S. doi:10.1038/448746a. PMID 17700673.
  12. ^ S.F. Robert (2008). "Framework Materials Grab CO2 and Researchers' Attention". Science. 319 (5865): 893. doi:10.1126/science.319.5865.893. PMID 18276862.
  13. ^ " Combinatorial Crystals ", Chemical & Engineering News, 18 February 2008. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  14. ^ " Porous Crystalline Organic Frameworks ", Chemical & Engineering News, 28 May 2007. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  15. ^ A.G. Wong-Foy; A.J. Matzger; O.M. Yaghi (2006). "Exceptional H2 Saturation Uptake in Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 128 (11): 3494–5. doi:10.1021/ja058213h. PMID 16536503.
  16. ^ H.M. El-Kaderi; J.R. Hunt; J.L. Mendoza-Cortés; A.P. Côté; R.E. Taylor; M. O'Keeffe; O.M. Yaghi (2007). "Designed Synthesis of 3D Covalent Organic Frameworks" (PDF). Science. 316 (5822): 268–72. Bibcode:2007Sci...316..268E. doi:10.1126/science.1139915. PMID 17431178.
  17. ^ " Weaving of organic threads into a crystalline covalent organic framework ", Science (journal), Retrieved on 16 June 2019.
  18. ^ " First materials woven at atomic and molecular levels: Weaving a new story for COFs and MOFs ", ScienceDaily, Retrieved on 16 June 2019.
  19. ^ " Crystal Sponges ", Chemical & Engineering News , 21 January 2002. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  20. ^ " Porous Crystals Soak Up Hydrogen ", Chemical & Engineering News, 19 May 2003. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  21. ^ " A Better Way to Capture Carbon ", MIT Technology Review, 15 February 2008. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  22. ^ " Super-sized molecular sponges boost carbon capture ", Chemistry World, 7 May 2008. Retrieved on 12 March 2018.
  23. ^ " This new solar-powered device can pull water straight from the desert air ", Science Magazine, April 13, 2017. Retrieved on March 10, 2018.
  24. ^ Top 100 Chemists, 2000-2010. ScienceWatch.com. Thomson Reuters.
  25. ^ "MRS Medal: 2007 MRS Medal Award Recipient". Materials Research Society. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
  26. ^ "AAAS Awards: Newcomb Cleveland Prize Recipients". American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
  27. ^ " ACS Award In The Chemistry Of Materials ", Chemical & Engineering News, 16 February 2009. Retrieved on 28 January 2018.
  28. ^ " Omar Yaghi Is Izatt-Christensen Awardee ", Chemical & Engineering News , 14 September 2009. Retrieved on 28 January 2018.
  29. ^ " Centenary Prize 2010 Winner ", Royal Society of Chemistry, Retrieved on 28 January 2018.
  30. ^ " Introduction to ChinaNANO 2013 ", 2014 Chinese Physical Society and IOP Publishing Ltd , Retrieved on 28 January 2018.
  31. ^ "King Salman to Honour Winners of 37th Annual King Faisal International Prize". PR Newswire. February 25, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  32. ^ "Mustafa (PBUH) Prize awarded". Iran Daily. December 26, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  33. ^ Omar M. Yaghi's biography
  34. ^ Sezer, Yusuf (November 16, 2016). "TÜBA 2016 Akademi Ödülleri'ni kazananlar açıklandı" (in Turkish). ABC Haber. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  35. ^ "Spiers Memorial Award 2017 Winner". Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  36. ^ "King honors Jordanian chemist". Petra. May 16, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  37. ^ " Professor Omar M. Yaghi wins 2017 Japan Society of Coordination Chemistry International Award ", UC Berkeley College of Chemistry Press Release, 12 September 2017. Retrieved on 27 January 2018.
  38. ^ " 2017 John C. Bailar, Jr. Medal & Lectureship ", University of Illinois, Retrieved on 1 February 2018.
  39. ^ " Kuwait Prize and Scientific Production Prize Winners ", KFAS News, 8 November 2017. Retrieved on 27 January 2018.
  40. ^ "2017 World Cultural Council Awards". EurekAlert!. May 30, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  41. ^ BBVA FOUNDATION. " Pioneering chemist Omar Yaghi wins the Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences", EurekAlert!, 23 January 2018. Retrieved on 26 January 2018.
  42. ^ " The 2018 Wolf Prize laureates have been announced ", Wolf Foundation, 12 February 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  43. ^ Jerusalem Post - Wolf Prizes 2018
  44. ^ " Water Adsorption in Porous Metal–Organic Frameworks and Related Materials ", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 3 March 2014. Retrieved on 20 June 2018.
  45. ^ " Water harvesting from air with metal-organic frameworks powered by natural sunlight ", Science Magazine, 28 April 2017. Retrieved on 20 June 2018.
  46. ^ " Practical water production from desert air ", Science Advances, 8 June 2018. Retrieved on 20 June 2018.
  47. ^ " Top 10 Emerging Technologies 2017 ", World Economic Forum, 26 June 2017. Retrieved on 20 June 2018.
  48. ^ " PSIPW Announces Winners For 8th Award At UNISPACE+50 ", Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water, 20 June 2018. Retrieved on 20 June 2018.
  49. ^ " Eni Award: the winners for the 2018 edition ", ENI award, Retrieved on 24 July 2018.
  50. ^ " Winners of the 2018 Eni Awards announced ", WEBWIRE , Retrieved on 24 July 2018.
  51. ^ " This year’s Aminoff Prize goes to the founders of reticular chemistry ", Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Retrieved on 25 March 2019.
  52. ^ " Mohammed bin Rashid gives awards to ‘MBR Medal for Scientific Excellence’ winners ", UAE Voice, Retrieved on 25 March 2019.
  53. ^ " Sixth Nano Research Award ", Nano Research, Retrieved on 25 March 2019.

External links[edit]