Omega Canis Majoris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Omega Canis Majoris
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Canis Major
Right ascension 07h 14m 48.65387s[1]
Declination −26° 46′ 21.6097″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.01[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B2 IV-Ve[3]
U−B color index −0.73[2]
B−V color index −0.14[2]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: −11.88[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +6.87[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 3.58 ± 0.17[1] mas
Distance 910 ± 40 ly
(280 ± 10 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −3.21[4]
Details
Mass 10.1±0.7[5] M
Radius 6.2[6] R
Luminosity 13,081[7] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.5[8] cgs
Temperature 21,878[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 80[9] km/s
Age 22.5±2.6[5] Myr
Other designations
ω CMa, 28 CMa, CD−26° 4073, GC 9625, HD 56139, HIP 35037, HR 2749, SAO 173282[10]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Omega Canis Majoris, Latinized from ω Canis Majoris, is a solitary,[11] blue-white hued star in the equatorial constellation of Canis Major. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.01.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of just 3.58 mas as seen from Earth,[1] this system is located roughly 910 light years from the Sun.

This star has a stellar classification of B2 IV-Ve,[3] indicating it is a Be star showing a mixed spectrum of a main sequence star and a subgiant. One of the most observed Be stars of the southern hemisphere,[12] Omega Canis Majoris is classified as a Gamma Cassiopeiae type variable star.[13] Both the luminosity and the radial velocity vary with a primary cyclical period of 1.372 days.[14] The variation in brightness, ranging from magnitude +3.60 to +4.18,[13] shows changes over time, which suggests there are two overlapping periods of 1.37 and 1.49 days. The star also undergoes transient periodicities following outbursts.[15][9]

This is a massive star with 10[5] times the mass of the Sun and 6.2[6] times the Sun's radius. At an estimated age of 22.5 million years,[5] it is radiating 13,081[7] times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 21,878 K.[8] The star is being viewed nearly pole on, so the measured projected rotational velocity of 80 km/s is only a fraction of the true equatorial velocity, estimated as 350 km/s. It is surrounded by a symmetric circumstellar disk of decreated material that is being heated by the star, which in turn is inserting emission lines into the combined spectrum.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Feinstein, A.; Marraco, H. G. (November 1979), "The photometric behavior of Be Stars", Astronomical Journal, 84: 1713–1725, Bibcode:1979AJ.....84.1713F, doi:10.1086/112600. 
  3. ^ a b Hiltner, W. A.; et al. (July 1969), "MK Spectral Types for Bright Southern OB Stars", Astrophysical Journal, 157: 313–326, Bibcode:1969ApJ...157..313H, doi:10.1086/150069. 
  4. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. 
  5. ^ a b c d Tetzlaff, N.; et al. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883Freely accessible, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. 
  6. ^ a b Underhill, A. B.; et al. (November 1979), "Effective temperatures, angular diameters, distances and linear radii for 160 O and B stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 189: 601–605, Bibcode:1979MNRAS.189..601U, doi:10.1093/mnras/189.3.601 
  7. ^ a b Hohle, M. M.; et al. (April 2010), "Masses and luminosities of O- and B-type stars and red supergiants", Astronomische Nachrichten, 331 (4): 349, arXiv:1003.2335Freely accessible, Bibcode:2010AN....331..349H, doi:10.1002/asna.200911355. 
  8. ^ a b c Soubiran, C.; et al. (June 2010), "The PASTEL catalogue of stellar parameters", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 515: A111, arXiv:1004.1069Freely accessible, Bibcode:2010A&A...515A.111S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014247. 
  9. ^ a b c Stefl, S.; et al. (February 2010), "The 2008+ outburst of the Be star 28 CMa", in Rivinius, Th.; Curé, M., The Interferometric View on Hot Stars, Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica (Serie de Conferencias), 38, pp. 89−91, Bibcode:2010RMxAC..38...89S. 
  10. ^ "ome CMa". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  12. ^ Ghoreyshi, M. R.; et al. (November 2016), "Modeling the Complete Lightcurve of ω CMa", in Sigut, T. A. A.; Jones, C. E., Bright Emissaries: Be Stars as Messengers of Star-Disk Physics, Proceedings of a Meeting held at The University of Western Ontario, in London, Ontario, Canada, 11-13 August 2014, San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, p. 315, arXiv:1506.08902Freely accessible, Bibcode:2016ASPC..506..315G. 
  13. ^ a b Samus, N. N.; et al. (2017), "General Catalogue of Variable Stars", Astronomy Reports, 5.1, 61 (1): 80−88, Bibcode:2017ARep...61...80S, doi:10.1134/S1063772917010085. 
  14. ^ Harmanec, P. (June 1998), "On the nature of the Be phenomenon. I. The case of omega Canis Majoris", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 334: 558−570, Bibcode:1998A&A...334..558H. 
  15. ^ Štefl, S.; et al. (2000), "Tracing the Transient Periods in the Be Star 28 ω CMa", in Smith, Myron A.; Henrichs, Huib F., The Be Phenomenon in Early-Type Stars, IAU Colloquium 175, ASP Conference Proceedings, 214, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, p. 240, Bibcode:2000ASPC..214..240S, ISBN 1-58381-045-5. 

External links[edit]