Omiš

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Omiš
Municipality and town
Omiš from the air
Omiš from the air
Omiš is located in Croatia
Omiš
Omiš
Coordinates: 43°26′N 16°41′E / 43.433°N 16.683°E / 43.433; 16.683
Country  Croatia
County Flag of Split-Dalmatia County.svg Split-Dalmatia
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Kovačić (Most)
Area
 • Total 266 km2 (103 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,936
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Coordinates: 43°26′N 16°41′E / 43.433°N 16.683°E / 43.433; 16.683

Omiš (pronounced [ɔ̌miːʃ], Latin and Italian: Almissa) is a town and port in the Dalmatia region of Croatia, and is a municipality in the Split-Dalmatia County. The town is situated approximately 25 kilometres (16 miles) south-east of Croatia's second largest city, Split. Its location is where the Cetina River meets the Adriatic Sea. Omiš municipality has a population of 14,936[1] and its area is 266 square kilometres (103 sq mi).

Name[edit]

View of the town

It is supposed that the name of this city, Omiš, developed from the Slavic Holm, Hum as a translation from the Illyrian - Greek word Onaion, Oneon, meaning "hill" or "place on the hill", but there is also the possibility that the name of the settlement Onaeum was derived from the name of the river which was called Nestos by the Greek colonists in its lower flow, during Antiquity. According to Petar Šimunović, Omiš is derived from Proto-Indo-European *almissa ("rock", "cliff").[2]

Latin names during Ancient Rome were Onaeum, Oeneum, Alminium, and Almissum. During Medieval times the name was recorded as Olmissium, Almiyssium and from the end of the 15th century, when the city fell to the authority of Venetian Republic, its name was the Italian Almissa.[3]

History[edit]

Omiš Historical Coat of Arms from year 1541.

Omiš was well known in the past by the Corsairs of Almissa (Omiški gusari)[4] whose Sagittas (ships) (Genitive case: Sagittae, translated as The Arrow), brought fame to them because they were built for attack and fast retrieval into the mouth of the Cetina River, protecting the town from foreign invaders. At a very early date, neighbours of the Corsairs of Almissa, the highlanders of the Poljica Principality [5] (Poljička Republika), became their friends and allies. This allowed them to harass the seaborne trade, without fear of a sudden attack from inland.

  • Historical monuments:
    • Church of St Euphemia by the coast on Brzet, from the early 6th century
    • Mirabella Fortress (Peovica) from the 13th century
    • Starigrad Fortress (Fortica) from the 15th century
    • Renaissance church of the Holy Spirit from the 15th century
    • Old cemetery, the 16th century or 17th century
    • Parochial church from the 17th century
    • Franciscan Monastery on Skalice from the 18th century

In the Priko neighborhood, on the right bank of the Cetina River, stands the site with the most historic significance: the pre-Romanesque Church of St. Peter (Crkva Sv. Petra) from the tenth century A.D. This single-naved edifice, with a cupola and apse, was used in the 18th century as a Glagolithic seminary for novice priests.

Economy[edit]

Today, Omiš's economy is based on farming, fishing, textile and food-processing industries and tourism.

Settlements[edit]

Within the limits of the town lie the following settlements:[1]

Culture[edit]

Klapa festival in Omiš

Omiš is best known for the traditional festival of the Dalmatian a cappella singing groups.[6][7] This festival is the highlight of Omiš's summer, the expression of the town's beauty. Omiš's Summer Festival - during which various concerts and recitals are performed - takes place at the plazas and in churches.

  • Omiš as a town has eight churches:
    • church of Saint Michael
    • church of Holy Ghost
    • church of Saint Rock
    • church of Saint Peter
    • church of Saint Luca
    • church of Saint Mary
    • Franciscan Monastery with church of Our Lady of Carmel
    • church of Saint Stephan and
    • remains of church of Saint John in Borak.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Omiš is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Omiš". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ Šimunović 2013, p. 173.
  3. ^ "Povijest Grada Omiša". Omis.hr. Retrieved 2016-09-24. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Fine, John V. A.; Fine, John Van Antwerp (1 January 1994). "The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest". University of Michigan Press. Retrieved 24 September 2016 – via Google Books. 
  6. ^ [2] Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time Out Croatia (First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing, Random House Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 

External links[edit]