Omicron Herculis

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Omicron Herculis
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aquila constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of o Herculis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Hercules
Right ascension 18h 07m 32.55073s[1]
Declination +28° 45′ 44.9679″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.83[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B9.5 V[3]
U−B color index –0.07[2]
B−V color index –0.02[2]
Variable type γ Cas[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –29.5[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –0.02[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +8.55[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 9.65 ± 0.16[1] mas
Distance 338 ± 6 ly
(104 ± 2 pc)
Details[6]
Mass 3.49±0.04 M
Luminosity 355 L
Temperature 9,484 K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 194[7] km/s
Other designations
103 Herculis, BD+28 2925, FK5 681, HD 166014, HIP 88794, HR 6779, SAO 85750.
Database references
SIMBAD data

Omicron Herculis (o Her, o Herculis) is a multiple star system in the constellation Hercules. It used to be called Masym ("the wrist"), but this name was transferred to Lambda Herculis.[8]

Properties[edit]

Omicron Herculis is a B9.5V star approximately 106 pc from the Earth. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.83. The star radiates with a bluish-white hue, and has a luminosity approximately 355 times as bright as the Sun. Omicron Herculis is 3.49 solar masses.[6]

Omicron Herculis is an eruptive variable of the Gamma Cassiopeia class,[4] which are rapidly rotating B-class stars with mass outflow. It has a projected rotational velocity of 194 km/s.[7]

Omicron Herculis is both a spectroscopic and an interferometric binary star with a separation of 0.1 arcsec.

Omicron Hercules is notable for residing close to the coordinates of the solar apex, the direction towards which the Sun is moving. This was first noticed by William Herschel in 1783,[9] although in his first calculation he identified this point with Lambda Herculis.[10] It will eventually become the brightest star in the sky in approximately 3 million years from today, at -0.4, slightly less bright than Canopus today.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J. 
  3. ^ Cowley, A.; et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal, 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819 
  4. ^ a b Samus, N. N.; et al. (2017), "General Catalogue of Variable Stars", Astronomy Reports, GCVS 5.1, 61 (1): 80−88, Bibcode:2017ARep...61...80S, doi:10.1134/S1063772917010085. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Ralph Elmer (1953), General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities, Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, Bibcode:1953GCRV..C......0W. 
  6. ^ a b Zorec, J.; Royer, F. (2012), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. IV. Evolution of rotational velocities", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 537: A120, Bibcode:2012A&A...537A.120Z, arXiv:1201.2052Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117691. 
  7. ^ a b Royer, F.; Zorec, J.; Gómez, A. E. (February 2007), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. III. Velocity distributions", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 463 (2): 671–682, Bibcode:2007A&A...463..671R, arXiv:astro-ph/0610785Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065224. 
  8. ^ Kaler, Jim. "Omicron Herculis". Retrieved 2016-05-13. 
  9. ^ Lankford, John (1997). History of astronomy: an encyclopedia. Garland encyclopedias in the history of science. 1. Taylor & Francis. p. 258. ISBN 0-8153-0322-X. 
  10. ^ Herschel, William (1783). "On the Proper Motion of the Sun and Solar System; With an Account of Several Changes That Have Happened among the Fixed Stars since the Time of Mr. Flamstead.". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 73: 247–83. JSTOR 106492. doi:10.1098/rstl.1783.0017. 

External links[edit]