Omigawa Domain (小見川藩 Omigawa-han?) was a minor feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in Shimōsa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on what is now part of the city of Katori. It was ruled for most of its history by the Uchida clan.
Omigawai Domain was created for Matsudaira Ietada in 1594, a close associate of Tokugawa Ieyasu. After his death at the Battle of Sekigahara, the domain passed to Doi Toshikatsu, another close retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu who played a crucial role in the formation of the Tokugawa shogunate. After he was transferred to Sakura Domain, Omigawa was granted to Andō Shigenobu, a retainer of Tokugawa Hidetada, who had also fought at Sekigahara. On his transfer to Takasaki Domain in 1619, Omigawa Domain reverted to tenryō status, directly under the control of the shogunate and administered by a series of hatamoto -level officials.
Omigawa Domain was revived in 1724 for Uchida Masachika, who was demoted in status from the 15,000 koku daimyō of Kanuma Domain in Kōzuke Province to 10,000 koku at Omigawa due to crimes committed by his father Uchida Masayuki. He was allowed to build a jin'ya in what later become the town of Omigawa, Chiba, where his successors continued to rule until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyō of Omigawa Domain, Uchida Masanori fought on the imperial side during the Boshin War, and later became an officer in the Imperial Japanese Army, serving in combat during the First Sino-Japanese War.
Holdings at the end of the Edo period
As with most domains in the han system, Omigawa Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Shimōsa Province
- Mutsu Province (Iwashiro Province)
- 9 villages in Shirakawa District
List of daimyō
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||revenues|
|Matsudaira (Fuko) clan (fudai) 1594-1601|
|1||Matsudaira Ietada (松平家忠?)||1594–1600||-none-||-none-||10,000 koku|
|2||Matsudaira Tadatoshi (松平忠利?)||1600–1601||Tonomo-no-kami(主殿頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|Doi clan (fudai) 1602-1610|
|1||Doi Toshikatsu (土井利勝?)||1602–1610||Ōi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jiju (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||10, 000 koku|
|Andō clan (fudai) 1612-1619|
|1||Andō Shigenobu (安藤重信?)||1612–1619||Tsushima-no-kami (対馬守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||16, 000 koku|
|Uchida clan (fudai) 1724-1871|
|1||Uchida Masachika (内田正親?)||1724–1746||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10, 000 koku|
|2||Uchida Masayoshi (内田正美?)||1746–1753||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|3||Uchida Masayoshi (内田正良?)||1753–1782||Omi-no-kami (近江守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|4||Uchida Masazumi (内田正純?)||1782–1806||Ise-no-kami (伊勢守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|5||Uchida Masamoto (内田正肥?)||1806–1816||Omi-no-kami (近江守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|6||Uchida Masakata (内田正容?)||1816–1837||Ise-no-kami (伊勢守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|7||Uchida Masamichi (内田正道?)||1837–1851||Bungo-no-kami (豊後守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10, 000 koku|
|8||Uchida Masanori (内田正徳?)||1851–1863||Tonomo-no-kami (主殿頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|9||Uchida Masatsuna (内田正縄?)||1863–1864||Tonomo-no-kami (主殿頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|10||Uchida Masaakira (内田正学?)||1864–1871||Tonomo-no-kami (主殿頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- Bolitho, Harold (1974). Treasures among men; the fudai daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Kodama Kōta 児玉幸多, Kitajima Masamoto 北島正元 (1966). Kantō no shohan 関東の諸藩. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.