Omnibus issue

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Postage stamp of Portuguese Timor, 1898. 400th anniversary of Vasco da Gama’s discovery of the route to India.
A 1953 Hong Kong stamp for the omnibus series marking the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
The same stamp produced for the Bechuanaland Protectorate.
Stamps from St. Lucia for the 1949 omnibus marking the 75th anniversary of the Universal Postal Union. Many colonies participated in this issue.

In philately, an omnibus issue is an issue of stamps by several countries with a common subject and which may share a uniform design. Omnibus issues have often been made by countries under common political control or groups of colonies due to the close co-operation required to produce the issue. Omnibus issues are to be distinguished from joint issues which are usually much smaller in scope.

The first omnibus issue[edit]

The first omnibus has been said to be the issue of 1898 by Portugal and her colonies to commemorate the quatercentenary of Vasco de Gama's discovery of the sea route to India.[1]

British Commonwealth issues[edit]

Omnibuses have been particularly associated with stamps from the former British Empire, now the British Commonwealth, due to the large number of territories participating. Initially designs were identical for each colony with only the values, colours and colony names varying. Over time, however, a wider range of designs has been used within the same issue. The first issue was the Silver Jubilee issue of 1935.[2] Many others have followed, usually on themes related to the British Royal Family, but also for subjects such as Freedom from Hunger (1963) and the 1966 Football World Cup. Not every colony necessarily participates in every issue, although the revenue produced by the stamps is a valuable source of income for many smaller colonies/countries which may have few other ways of raising funds.

A list of British Omnibus issues is given below:

1935 - Silver Jubilee

1937 - Coronation

1945-1946 - Peace and Victory

1948-1949 - Silver Wedding

1949 - Universal Postal Union

1951 - University

1953 - QEII Coronation

1953 - Royal Visit

1958 - West Indies Federation

1963 - Freedom From Hunger

1963 - Red Cross Centenary

1964 - Shakespeare

1965 - International Telecommunications

1965 - International Cooperation

1966 - Churchill Memorial

1966 - Football World Cup

1966 - U.N.E.S.C.O Issue

1966 - World Health Organisation

1972 - Royal Silver Wedding

1973 - Royal Wedding Princess Anne

1974 - Churchill Centenary

1977 - Royal Silver Jubilee

1978 - 25th Anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's Coronation

1980 - Queen Mothers 80th Birthday

1981 - Charles and Diana Royal Wedding

1982 - Princess Diana 21st and other Birthdays

1985 - Life and Times of Elizabeth the Queen Mother

1990 - Queen Mother's 90th Birthday

1997 - Queen Elizabeth Golden Wedding

Other omnibus issuers[edit]

The omnibus remains popular with countries whose philatelic marketing is handled by the Inter-Governmental Philatelic Corporation as it enables those countries to market their stamps into the lucrative United States and European thematic stamp market by featuring subjects popular in those countries. These issues have, however, been criticised for not being relevant to the culture of the participating countries, for instance stamps featuring Disney characters issued by poor African countries.

Commercialisation[edit]

While most earlier omnibus issues were genuine attempts to help a group of countries celebrate an anniversary or event, the fact that these became popular with stamp collectors tempted issuing authorities to bring out more stamps than would have otherwise been thought necessary. These were often heavily marketed. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mackay, James. Philatelic Terms Illustrated. 4th edition. London: Stanley Gibbons, 2003, p.95. ISBN 0-85259-557-3.
  2. ^ Sutton, R.J. & K.W. Anthony. The Stamp Collector's Encyclopaedia. 6th edition. London: Stanley Paul, 1966, p.216.
  3. ^ Murray, Robert. 1981 Royal Wedding Omnibus Stamp Collection. http://www.stamp-shop.com/1981-royal-wedding.html