Runcinated 120-cells

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Four runcinations
120-cell t0 H3.svg
120-cell
CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
120-cell t03 H3.png
Runcinated 120-cell
(Expanded 120-cell)
CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
120-cell t013 H3.png
Runcitruncated 120-cell
CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
600-cell t0 H3.svg
600-cell
CDel node.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
120-cell t023 H3.png
Runcitruncated 600-cell
CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
120-cell t0123 H3.png
Omnitruncated 120-cell
CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
Orthogonal projections in H3 Coxeter plane

In four-dimensional geometry, a runcinated 120-cell (or runcinated 600-cell) is a convex uniform 4-polytope, being a runcination (a 3rd order truncation) of the regular 120-cell.

There are 4 degrees of runcinations of the 120-cell including with permutations truncations and cantellations.

The runcinated 120-cell can be seen as an expansion applied to a regular 4-polytope, the 120-cell or 600-cell.

Runcinated 120-cell[edit]

Runcinated 120-cell
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Uniform index 38
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
Cells 2640 total:
120 5.5.5 Dodecahedron.png
720 4.4.5 Pentagonal prism.png
1200 4.4.3 Triangular prism.png
600 3.3.3 Tetrahedron.png
Faces 7440:
2400{3}+3600{4}+
1440{5}
Edges 7200
Vertices 2400
Vertex figure Runcinated 120-cell verf.png
Equilateral-triangular antipodium
Schläfli symbol t0,3{5,3,3}
Symmetry group H4, [3,3,5], order 14400
Properties convex

The runcinated 120-cell or small disprismatohexacosihecatonicosachoron is a uniform 4-polytope. It has 2640 cells: 120 dodecahedra, 720 pentagonal prisms, 1200 triangular prisms, and 600 tetrahedra. Its vertex figure is a nonuniform triangular antiprism (equilateral-triangular antipodium): its bases represent a dodecahedron and a tetrahedron, and its flanks represent three triangular prisms and three pentagonal prisms.

Alternate names[edit]

  • Runcinated 120-cell / Runcinated 600-cell (Norman W. Johnson)
    • Runcinated hecatonicosachoron / Runcinated dodecacontachoron / Runcinated hexacosichoron / Runcinated polydodecahedron / Runcinated polytetrahedron
  • Small diprismatohexacosihecatonicosachoron (acronym: sidpixhi) (George Olshevsky, Jonathan Bowers)[1]

Images[edit]

Schlegel diagram (Only tetrahedral cells shown)
Runcinated 120-cell.png
Orthogonal projections in Coxeter planes
120-cell t03 H3.png
H3
120-cell t03 B3.png
A2/B3
120-cell t03 A3.png
A3/B2

Runcitruncated 120-cell[edit]

Runcitruncated 120-cell
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Uniform index 43
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
Cells 2640 total:
120 (3.10.10) Truncated dodecahedron.png

720 (4.4.10) Decagonal prism.png
1200 (3.4.4) Triangular prism.png
600 (3.4.3.4) Cuboctahedron.png

Faces 13440:
4800{3}+7200{4}+
1440{10}
Edges 18000
Vertices 7200
Vertex figure Runcitruncated 120-cell verf.png
Irregular rectangular pyramid
Schläfli symbol t0,1,3{5,3,3}
Symmetry group H4, [3,3,5], order 14400
Properties convex

The runcitruncated 120-cell or prismatorhombated hexacosichoron is a uniform 4-polytope. It contains 2640 cells: 120 truncated dodecahedra, 720 decagonal prisms, 1200 triangular prisms, and 600 cuboctahedra. Its vertex figure is an irregular rectangular pyramid, with one truncated dodecahedron, two decagonal prisms, one triangular prism, and one cuboctahedron.

Alternate names[edit]

Images[edit]

Schlegel diagram (Only triangular prisms shown)
Runcitruncated 120-cell.png
Orthogonal projections in Coxeter planes
120-cell t013 H3.png
H3
120-cell t013 B3.png
A2/B3
120-cell t013 A3.png
A3/B2

Runcitruncated 600-cell[edit]

Runcitruncated 600-cell
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Uniform index 44
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
Cells 2640 total:
120 3.4.5.4 Small rhombicosidodecahedron.png
720 4.4.5 Pentagonal prism.png
1200 4.4.6 Hexagonal prism.png
600 3.6.6 Truncated tetrahedron.png
Faces 13440:
2400{3}+7200{4}+
1440{5}+2400{6}
Edges 18000
Vertices 7200
Vertex figure Runcitruncated 600-cell verf.png
Trapezoidal pyramid
Schläfli symbol t0,1,3{3,3,5}
Symmetry group H4, [3,3,5], order 14400
Properties convex

The runcitruncated 600-cell or prismatorhombated hecatonicosachoron is a uniform 4-polytope. It is composed of 2640 cells: 120 rhombicosidodecahedron, 600 truncated tetrahedra, 720 pentagonal prisms, and 1200 hexagonal prisms. It has 7200 vertices, 18000 edges, and 13440 faces (2400 triangles, 7200 squares, and 2400 hexagons).

Alternate names[edit]

Images[edit]

Schlegel diagram
Runcitruncated 600-cell.png
Orthogonal projections in Coxeter planes
120-cell t023 H3.png
H3
120-cell t023 B3.png
A2/B3
120-cell t023 A3.png
A3/B2

Omnitruncated 120-cell[edit]

Omnitruncated 120-cell
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Uniform index 46
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png
Cells 2640 total:
120 4.6.10 Great rhombicosidodecahedron.png
720 4.4.10 Decagonal prism.png
1200 4.4.6 Hexagonal prism.png
600 4.6.6 Truncated octahedron.png
Faces 17040 total:
10800 {4}, 4800 {6}
1440 {10}
Edges 28800
Vertices 14400
Vertex figure Omnitruncated 120-cell verf.png
Chiral scalene tetrahedron
Schläfli symbol t0,1,2,3{3,3,5}
Symmetry group H4, [3,3,5], order 14400
Properties convex

The omnitruncated 120-cell or great disprismatohexacosihecatonicosachoron is a convex uniform 4-polytope, composed of 2640 cells: 120 truncated icosidodecahedra, 600 truncated octahedra, 720 decagonal prisms, and 1200 hexagonal prisms. It has 14400 vertices, 28800 edges, and 17040 faces (10800 squares, 4800 hexagons, and 1440 decagons). It is the largest nonprismatic convex uniform 4-polytope.

The vertices and edges form the Cayley graph of the Coxeter group H4.

Alternate names[edit]

  • Omnitruncated 120-cell / Omnitruncated 600-cell (Norman W. Johnson)
  • Omnitruncated hecatonicosachoron / Omnitruncated hexacosichoron / Omnitruncated polydodecahedron / Omnitruncated polytetrahedron
  • Great diprismatohexacosihecatonicosachoron (Acronym gidpixhi) (George Olshevsky, Jonathan Bowers)[4]

Images[edit]

Omnitruncated 120-cell wireframe.png Stereographic omnitruncated 120-cell.png
Schlegel diagram (centered on truncated icosidodecahedron)
(Orthogonal view, centered on decagonal prism cell.)
Stereographic projection
(centered on truncated icosidodecahedron)
Orthogonal projections in Coxeter planes
120-cell t0123 H3.png
H3
120-cell t0123 B3.png
A2/B3
120-cell t0123 B3.png
A3/B2
Net
Omnitruncated 120-cell net.png
Omnitruncated 120-cell
Dual gidpixhi net.png
Dual to omnitruncated 120-cell

Models[edit]

The first complete physical model of a 3D projection of the omnitruncated 120-cell was built by a team led by Daniel Duddy and David Richter on August 9, 2006 using the Zome system in the London Knowledge Lab for the 2006 Bridges Conference.[5]

Full snub 120-cell[edit]

Vertex figure for the omnisnub 120-cell

The full snub 120-cell or omnisnub 120-cell, defined as an alternation of the omnitruncated 120-cell, can not be made uniform, but it can be given Coxeter diagram CDel node h.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node h.png, and symmetry [5,3,3]+, and constructed from 1200 octahedrons, 600 icosahedrons, 720 pentagonal antiprisms, 120 snub dodecahedrons, and 7200 tetrahedrons filling the gaps at the deleted vertices. It has 9840 cells, 35040 faces, 32400 edges, and 7200 vertices.[6]

Related polytopes[edit]

These polytopes are a part of a set of 15 uniform 4-polytopes with H4 symmetry:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Klitizing, (x3o3o5x - sidpixhi)
  2. ^ Klitizing, (x3o3x5x - prix)
  3. ^ Klitizing, (x3x3o5x - prahi)
  4. ^ Klitizing, (x3x3x5x - gidpixhi)
  5. ^ Photos of Zome model of omnitruncated 120/600-cell
  6. ^ http://www.bendwavy.org/klitzing/incmats/s3s3s5s.htm

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / E9 / E10 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds