Omoljica

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Omoljica
Омољица
Village
Building in the center of the village.
Building in the center of the village.
Omoljica is located in Serbia
Omoljica
Omoljica
Location of Omoljica within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°45′38″N 20°43′41″E / 44.76056°N 20.72806°E / 44.76056; 20.72806
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
Population (2002)
 • Total 6,309
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Omoljica (Serbian Cyrillic: Омољица) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Pančevo municipality, in the South Banat District, Vojvodina province. The village population is 6,309 people (2011 census).[1]

Name[edit]

Ponjavica river

The place name is a diminutive and means Little Homolje. A legend tells about Rascian people who came first from this region to the northern territory during the time of Arsenije III Čarnojević. There is no deed or evidence of founding by first settlers or its real origin. The German place name Homolitz had the same meaning.

Geography[edit]

Omoljica is located nearby the Ponjavica river at 44°45′38″N 20°43′41″E / 44.76056°N 20.72806°E / 44.76056; 20.72806, approximately 15 km SE of Pančevo. Since 1995, there is a protected nature park Ponjavica south of Banatski Brestovac. In 1968, a medicinal mineral water source was discovered near the village.[2][3]

History[edit]

National Archives of Austria, Map of the Josephinian Land Survey (1769-1772)

The communal area was a part of Temeşvar Eyalet in Ottoman Empire since 1552, after the Treaty of Požarevac a part of Habsburg's Banat, since 1765 of the military frontier (Austrian Empire) and then it belonged to the Torontál county of Austria-Hungary. After World War I was that area a part of provisional Torontalsko-tamiške županja (Treaty of Trianon), in 1922 of Belgrade oblast and since 1929 of the Danube Banovina in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In the time after World War II its belonged to the Srez Pančevo of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The communal area of Omoljica was a part of the administrative region of the Pančevo municipality from all these centuries to the present.

The oldest house of the village has been built in 1766 and it is still existing. This house was a quarantine station of the military frontier. One of the most famous guests was Vuk Karadžić who stayed in it for several weeks.

There is an impression of the old village which is recorded on the map of the Franciscan land survey from the early 19th century in the National Archives of Austria. In 1904, cadastral maps of the village were recorded which are located at the National Archives of Hungary.[4][5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 5,084 —    
1961 5,565 +9.5%
1981 6,500 +16.8%
2002 6,518 +0.3%

Culture[edit]

Since 1971, there is an annual amateur film festival named Žisel which is very well known in the region. In 1976, the TV series The Farm in the Small Marsh was filmed in the village, directed by Branko Bauer. Since 2010, there is a cultural association named Žisel in the village.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  2. ^ Official Website by Nature Park Ponjavica (Serbian), Retrieved on 2017-01-08.
  3. ^ History of the discovery of the water source on the Website by Krstarica vesti (Serbian), Retrieved on 2017-01-08.
  4. ^ Omoljica (Homolic) on the map of the Franciscan land survey, Retrieved on 2017-01-12.
  5. ^ Cadastre maps of Omoljica (Homolicz), Retrieved on 2017-01-12
  6. ^ Festival Žisel 2016 on the Website of Pančevo moj kraj (Serbian), Retrieved on 2017-01-08.
  7. ^ Official Website by KUD Žisel (Serbian), Retrieved on 2017-01-08.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°46′N 20°44′E / 44.767°N 20.733°E / 44.767; 20.733