On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History
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It is a collection of six lectures given in May 1840.
- 1. (5 May) The Hero as Divinity. Odin. Paganism: Scandinavian Mythology
- 2. (8 May) The Hero as Prophet. Muhammad: Islam
- 3. (12 May) The Hero as Poet. Dante; Shakespeare
- 4. (15 May) The Hero as Priest. Luther; Reformation: Knox; Puritanism
- 5. (19 May) The Hero as Man of Letters. Johnson, Rousseau, Burns
- 6. (22 May) The Hero as King. Cromwell. Napoleon: Modern Revolutionism
- Hero cult
- Representative Men – a similar series of lectures, given by Carlyle's American contemporary Ralph Waldo Emerson
- Parallel Lives – classic work by Ancient Greek biographer Plutarch, outlining the lives of elite individuals and the virtues they represented.
- Great man theory – the popular theory of the 19th-century that history could be explained as the product of "Great Men".