|Studio album by Motörhead|
|Released||8 December 1979|
|Recorded||September, December 1975 - February 1976 at Rockfield Studios, Monmouth, Wales|
|Genre||Hard rock, rock and roll|
|Producer||Fritz Fryer, Dave Edmunds|
|1981 reissue cover|
|1997 CD reissue cover|
On Parole is the debut recording made by English rock band Motörhead, released in December 1979. Originally intended for a 1976 release date, United Artists was not convinced of the album's commercial potential and did not want to release it. As a result, it would remain unreleased for over three years.
Four of the songs appearing on On Parole were recorded in a single session at Rockfield Studios in September 1975, while the rest were taped in December 1975, with various overdubs laid down in January and February 1976.
Motörhead signed with United Artists when Andrew Lauder, A&R man for Lemmy's old band Hawkwind, secured them a record deal. This is the only album to feature the band's original line-up of Lemmy on vocals and bass, Larry Wallis on guitar and vocals, and Lucas Fox on drums. During the sessions, original producer Dave Edmunds relinquished his duties, being replaced by Fritz Fryer. Drummer Fox was then replaced by Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor, a casual acquaintance of Lemmy's who had been persuaded to drive him to Rockfield Studios. Taylor overdubbed all of Fox's tracks except for Lost Johnny, as he was being held in custody following an arrest for alleged drunk-and-disorderly conduct when that session was due to take place.
Recording and composition
Initially, the band recorded some demos with producer Dave Edmunds at Rockfield Studios in Monmouth, Wales, with Lemmy later telling Geoff Barton of Sounds, "Dave Edmonds and us got on OK, it was just that at the time he was negotiating a record deal or something for himself and was kind of preoccupied. These people kept arriving in big cars to talk to him – most of the time his mind seemed somewhere else." Of the tracks, three ("Motörhead", "The Watcher," and "Lost Johnny") were re-recordings of songs Lemmy had written and recorded with Hawkwind, "City Kids" was a re-recording of a Wallis track co-written and recorded with The Pink Fairies, and "Leaving Here" was a cover version of a Holland/Dozier/Holland Motown song Lemmy had learned whilst a roadie for The Birds. On Parole was recorded and released by Larry Wallis, who was backed by two members of Eddie And The Hot Rods; bassist Paul Gray, and drummer Steve Nicol as a b-side to the Stiff Records "Police Car" single in 1977, after this album had been recorded but prior to its release. In his autobiography White Line Fever, Lemmy recalls of drummer Taylor tried singing "City Kids" but "he sounded like two cats being stapled together." Kilmister was also impressed by Taylor's ability to overdub drums, adding that it was "quite a feat, because the drums are what you usually base a song on – it's kind of like going ass-backwards."
At the time United Artists were not convinced of the album's commercial potential and shelved its release despite the band shooting down to the label every day saying: " 'What the fuck's happening? When's the album coming out? When are you gonna get us some gigs? What's happening about getting us an agency?' All we'd get was bullshit about the sleeve, you know, photographs and all that. When we got back from Rockfield with the masters, of course, we got the big: 'Oh, great, fantastic', but in the ensuing weeks it was just excuses and bullshit." After the band's profile had risen with the commercial success of the albums Overkill and Bomber in 1979, United Artists re-appraised the album and gave it a belated release at the end of that year. In his book Overkill: The Untold Story of Motorhead, biographer Joel McIver quotes Lemmy: "United Artists were a bunch of twats in the final analysis. Yeah, they cashed in on us. We had the Bomber album out and were already big. But I don't care about these people. Record companies are a hindrance to rock 'n' roll, not a help. They dilute the real thing down to the lowest common denominator."
Due to the record company's initial refusal to release this album, when a reconfigured Motörhead (featuring Eddie Clarke on guitar) were given studio time by Chiswick Records in 1977, they chose to re-record the album in almost its entirety (only "Fools" and "Leaving Here" were not re-recorded) leading to their debut release Motörhead.
Dave Thompson of AllMusic calls the arrangements on the LP "devastating, steeped in blues, drenched in booze, the highest octane pub rock of all. No matter how well you think you know Motörhead, still it's nothing like you're expecting. A true sonic symphony, this is Wagner with whiplash."
|2.||"On Parole"||Larry Wallis||5:38|
|3.||"Vibrator"||Wallis, Des Brown||2:53|
|4.||"Iron Horse/Born to Lose"||Phil Taylor, Mick Brown, Guy "Tramp" Lawrence||5:17|
|5.||"City Kids"||Wallis, Duncan Sanderson||3:43|
|8.||"Leaving Here"||Lamont Dozier, Brian Holland, Edward Holland||2:56|
|9.||"Lost Johnny"||Kilmister, Mick Farren||3:31|
|CD reissue Bonus Tracks (EMI Records 1997 Reissue)|
|10.||"On Parole" (Dave Edmunds demo)||6:58|
|11.||"City Kids" (Dave Edmunds demo)||3:48|
|12.||"Motorhead" (Dave Edmunds demo)||2:48|
|13.||"Leaving Here" (Dave Edmunds demo)||3:01|
- Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister – bass, lead vocals
- Larry Wallis – guitar, backing vocals, lead vocals ("Vibrator", "Fools")
- Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor – drums
- Lucas Fox – drums on "Lost Johnny" & bonus tracks 10-13
- 1979 – UK vinyl – United Artists Rockfile, LBR1004 – single white sleeve with George Bodnar black-and-white photographs of Lemmy on front and back
- 1981 – UK vinyl – Liberty, LN66125 – Black-and-white photograph of Lemmy, Wallis and Fox in the studio.
- 1982 – UK vinyl – EMI/Liberty Fame, FA3009 – single sleeve with colour photograph of Lemmy on stage.
- 1991 – USA CD – Cleopatra, CLEO-57212-2 – Black-and-white photograph of Lemmy, Wallis and Fox in studio.
- 1997 – UK CD – EMI, 8 54794 2 – Black on white Snaggletooth logo. Sleeve notes by Mick Farren. With bonus tracks.
- 2000 – UK CD – EMI Gold, 8 54794 2 – Black-and-white photograph of Lemmy, Wallis and Fox in the studio. With bonus tracks.
- 2004 – Netherlands CD – Disky, 901611 – Black-and-white photograph of Lemmy posing. With bonus tracks.
- "Motörhead - On Parole". Encyclopaedia Metallum. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Thompson, Dave. "Motörhead On Parole review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Burridge, Alan (April 1991). "Motorhead". Record Collector (140): 16–22.
- Burridge, Alan; Artyom Golew. "Band History: 1975-1980". Motorhead.ru. Retrieved 2013-11-12.