On the Banks of Plum Creek
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Front dust jacket with Sewell's illustration
|Author||Laura Ingalls Wilder|
|Illustrator||Helen Sewell and
Garth Williams (1953)
|Publisher||Harper & Brothers|
|October 20, 1937|
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
|Pages||239; 338 pp.|
|LC Class||PZ7.W6461 On|
|Preceded by||Little House on the Prairie|
|Followed by||By the Shores of Silver Lake|
On the Banks of Plum Creek is an autobiographical children's novel written by Laura Ingalls Wilder and published in 1937, the fourth of nine books in her Little House series. It is based on a few years of her childhood when the Ingalls lived at Plum Creek near Walnut Grove, Minnesota, during the 1870s. The original dust jacket proclaimed, "The true story of an American pioneer family by the author of Little House in the Big Woods".
The novel was a Newbery Honor book in 1938, as were the next four Little House books through 1944. 
Having left their little house on the Kansas prairie, the Ingalls family travels by covered wagon to Minnesota and settles in a dugout on the banks of Plum Creek. Pa trades their horses, Pet and Patty, to the property owner (a man named Hanson, who wants to go west) for the land and crops. He later gets two new horses as Christmas presents for his family, which Laura and her sister, Mary, name Sam and David. Pa soon builds a new, above-ground, wooden house for his family, trusting that their first crop of wheat will pay for the lumber and materials.
Now that they live near a town, Laura and Mary go to school for the first time. There they make friends, but also meet the town storekeeper's daughter, Nellie Oleson, who makes fun of them for being "country girls." Laura and Mary attend a party at the Olesons' home, and Ma has them invite all the girls (including Nellie) to one at their house to reciprocate.
The Ingalls go through very hard times when grasshoppers (actually Rocky Mountain Locusts) decimate the much-anticipated wheat crop, and lay so many eggs that there is no hope of a crop the following year. For two harvest seasons, Pa is forced to walk three hundred miles east to find work on farms that escaped the grasshopper plague.
The novel ends with Pa returning safely home after becoming lost near their home during a severe four-day blizzard.
Virginia Kirkus had handled Wilder's debut novel Little House in the Big Woods for Harper & Brothers as its book editor from 1926 to 1932. In Kirkus Reviews, her semi-monthly bulletin from 1933, she awarded this novel a starred review (as she did its one predecessor and two successors, books 3 to 6 and no others). "If anything, it is better than her enchanting Little House in the Big Woods. ...Laura is always in trouble, but a staunch young person when brought to the text. It is perfect Americana."
The novel was the first of five Newbery Honor books for Wilder, books 4 to 8 in the series.
In 1997, the novel was challenged by two parents from Winnipeg, Canada who took issue with the portrayal of Native Americans in it and wanted a local school division to pull it from its libraries and lessons. The word "Indian", referring to Native Americans, appears 12 times in it, most of them dealing with the Ingalls' time in Indian Territory. However, at one point Mary tells Laura to keep her sunbonnet on or "You'll be as brown as an Indian, and what will the town girls think of us?" She also says, "I wish I was an Indian and never had to wear clothes!" The complaint was eventually withdrawn.
After failing at farming in the Dakotas in the 1890s—drought, illness, and fire contributing—Wilder moved with her husband, Almanzo, and young daughter, Rose, to the Ozarks in Missouri. Decades later, she, who had been writing columns and editing for a regional farm newspaper, was encouraged by Rose to write a memoir of growing up on the frontier for national serialization—mostly for financial reasons.
Wilder wrote Pioneer Girl, an adult version of her autobiography, before she wrote her book series. When it proved unsellable to publishers, Rose suggested they rethink it, leading to the series. Some of the real-life events were either softened or taken out entirely for a younger audience.
- "On the Banks of Plum Creek"; Newly illustrated, uniform ed. LC Online Catalog. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "On the Banks of Plum Creek" (starred review). Kirkus Reviews. October 1, 1937. Retrieved 2015-10-02. Online the review header shows a recent front cover and states "illustrated by Garth Williams".
- "On the Banks of Plum Creek" (first edition). Library of Congress Online Catalog (catalog.loc.gov). Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present". Association for Library Service to Children. American Library Association (ALA.org). Retrieved 2015-09-21.
-  Lecture At Brock Will Address Issues On Censorship. Mayer, Tiffany. Standard Staff. February 24, 2009.
-  Reading Laura Ingalls Wilder Is Not The Same When You're A Parent. Lifson, Amy. Humanities, July/August 2014. Volume 35, Number 4.
-  A Tiny Press Printed Only 15,000 Copies of Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Autobiography. Big Mistake. Putre, Laura. Slates Culture Blog. Browbeat. January 20, 2015.