On the Beach (Neil Young album)

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On the Beach
Neil Young - On the Beach.png
Studio album by
ReleasedJuly 19, 1974 (1974-07-19)[1]
RecordedFebruary 5 – April 7, 1974
  • Sunset Sound (Hollywood)
  • Broken Arrow Ranch (Woodside, California)
GenreFolk rock[2]
ProducerNeil Young, David Briggs (tracks 1 & 4),
Mark Harman (tracks 2–3 & 5),
Al Schmitt (tracks 6–8)
Neil Young chronology
Time Fades Away
On the Beach
Tonight's the Night

On the Beach is the fifth studio album by Canadian-American musician Neil Young, released by Reprise Records in July 1974. A record of folk rock music, the album features self-reflective narratives by Young, exploring themes such as anger, nihilism, and cautious optimism.

On the Beach is the second of the so-called "Ditch Trilogy" of albums that Young recorded following the huge success of 1972's Harvest. By the time the full scope of that album’s success became apparent, Young wanted nothing to do with it. Looking back on it just five years later, he wrote in the liner notes to the Decade box set that the experience “put me in the middle of the road. Traveling there soon became a bore, so I headed for the ditch. A rougher ride but I saw more interesting people there.”

As well as its release on vinyl, On the Beach was also released on cassette and 8-track cartridge, though the track listing for the latter formats was the reverse of that on the vinyl album. It remained unavailable on CD until 2003, when a remastered version was finally released. It has since been re-released as Disc 2 of the 4-CD box set Neil Young Original Release Series Discs 5-8. The album is also available in high-resolution audio on the Neil Young Archives website,[3] where four additional album outtakes were added in February 2021.


Recorded after (but released before) Tonight's the Night, On the Beach shares some of that album's bleakness and crude production—which came as a shock to fans and critics alike, as this was the long-awaited studio follow-up to the commercially and critically successful Harvest—but also included hints pointing towards a more subtle outlook, particularly on the opening track, "Walk On".

While the original Rolling Stone review described it as "one of the most despairing albums of the decade", later critics such as Allmusic’s William Ruhlmann used the benefit of hindsight to conclude that Young "[w]as saying goodbye to despair, not being overwhelmed by it". The despair of Tonight's the Night, communicated through intentional underproduction and lyrical pessimism, gives way to a more polished album that is still pessimistic but to a lesser degree.

Much like Tonight's the Night, On the Beach was not a commercial success at the time of its release, but over time has attained a high regard from fans and critics alike. The album was recorded in a haphazard manner, with Young utilizing a variety of session musicians, and often changing their instruments while offering only barebones arrangements for them to follow (in a similar style to Tonight's the Night). He also would opt for rough, monitor mixes of songs rather than a more polished sound, alienating his sound engineers in the process.

Throughout the recording of the album, Young and his colleagues consumed a homemade concoction dubbed "Honey Slides", a goop of sauteed marijuana and honey that "felt like heroin", at the behest of session musician and de facto producer Rusty Kershaw.[4] This may account for the mellow mood of the album, particularly the second half of the LP.[4] Young has said of it "Good album. One side of it particularly—the side with 'Ambulance Blues', 'Motion Pictures' and 'On the Beach'—it's out there. It's a great take."


For about two decades, rarity made a cult out of On the Beach.[5] The title was deleted from vinyl in the early 1980s and was only briefly available on cassette and 8-track cartridge tape. Along with three other mid-period Young albums, it was withheld from re-release until 2003. The reasons for this remain murky, but there is some evidence that Young himself did not want the album out on CD, variously citing "fidelity problems" and legal issues. Beginning in 2000, over 5,000 fans signed an online petition calling for the release of the album on CD.[6] It was finally released on CD on Reprise Records in August 2003.[7]


"Walk On", the album's opener, has Young combining his cynical outlook with a touch of closure and a wish to move on and keep living.[according to whom?] Young throws in a remake of his Harvest-era "See the Sky About to Rain", which had been covered by the Byrds a year earlier on their eponymous reunion album. "Revolution Blues" was inspired by Charles Manson, whom Young had met in his Topanga Canyon days.[8][9] "For the Turnstiles" is a country-folk hybrid featuring Young's banjo guitar and a harmony vocal from Ben Keith, who also plays dobro on the track. The side closes with "Vampire Blues," a cynical attack on the oil industry.[10]

Side two of the LP version opens with "On the Beach", a bluesy meditation on the downsides of fame which has been covered by many artists including Radiohead and Golden Smog,[11] and is followed by "Motion Pictures", an elegy for Young's relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress.[12]

"Ambulance Blues" closes the album. In a 1992 interview for the French Guitare & Claviers magazine, Young discussed Bert Jansch's influence on the song: "As for acoustic guitar, Bert Jansch is on the same level as Jimi [Hendrix]. That first record of his is epic. It came from England, and I was especially taken by 'Needle of Death', such a beautiful and angry song. That guy was so good. And years later, on On the Beach, I wrote the melody of 'Ambulance Blues' by styling the guitar part completely on 'Needle of Death'. I wasn't even aware of it, and someone else drew my attention to it."[13] The song explores Young's feelings about his critics, Richard Nixon, and the state of CSNY. The line "You're all just pissing in the wind" was a direct quote from Young's manager regarding the inactivity of the quartet. The song also references the Riverboat, a small coffeehouse in Toronto's Yorkville neighbourhood which was an early venue for folk-inspired artists like Gordon Lightfoot, Bruce Cockburn, Joni Mitchell, Simon & Garfunkel, and Arlo Guthrie.[14][15] Yorkville had been the centre of the Canadian counterculture scene in the 1960s when the coffeehouse opened in the basement of a Victorian rowhouse, but by the 1970s Yorkville was changing, and the Riverboat remained as the last of the cafes from this era. It outlived the hippie scene but closed in 1978. In 2009, Young also released Live at the Riverboat 1969, a live album recorded at The Riverboat in 1969. The line "Oh, Isabella, proud Isabella, They tore you down and plowed you under" references 88 Isabella Street, an old rooming house in Toronto where Neil and Rick James stayed for a period. It was demolished in the early 1970s and an apartment now stands on its location.

Originally Young had intended for the A and B sides of the LP to be in reverse order but was convinced by David Briggs to swap them at the last moment. Young has said that he later came to regret caving in, although both the cassette and 8-track versions were released with the sides swapped.[16]


Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic5/5 stars[17]
The Austin Chronicle3/5 stars[18]
Christgau's Record GuideA–[19]
Drowned in Sound10/10[20]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music5/5 stars[22]
The Great Rock Discography9/10[23]
MusicHound Rock3/5[24]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4/5 stars[25]
Spin Alternative Record Guide8/10[26]

Reviewing in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau wrote: "Something in [Young's] obsessive self-examination is easy to dislike and something in his whiny thinness hard to enjoy. But even 'Ambulance Blues,' an eight-minute throwaway, is studded with great lines, one of which is 'It's hard to know the meaning of this song.' And I can hum it for you if you'd like."[19]

Pitchfork listed it #65 on their list of the Top 100 Albums of the 1970s. On the Beach was certified gold in the United States, selling 500,000 copies. In 2007, On the Beach was placed at #40 in Bob Mersereau's book The Top 100 Canadian Albums. It was voted number 195 in Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums in 2000.[27] In 2020, Rolling Stone included the album at number 311 on their list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, writing: "Reeling from the losses that sparked Tonight’s the Night the previous year, Neil Young shelved that album for a while and made this one instead: a wild fireball of anger (“Revolution Blues”), nihilism (“For the Turnstiles”), and tentative optimism (“Walk On”). The album peaks on Side Two, a stoned symphony of grieving whose three songs (“On the Beach,” “Motion Pictures,” “Ambulance Blues”) are among the most emotionally real in Young’s catalogue."[28]


Brent Lott of the Winnipeg Contemporary dancers developed a dance piece called For the Turnstiles in 2015.[29] The music was scored by fellow Winnipeg singer-songwriter John K. Samson, who later released several of the songs on his 2016 solo album, Winter Wheat. In particular, "Postdoc Blues" and "Vampire Alberta Blues" were inspired by On the Beach.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks are written by Neil Young. All track timings are from the original vinyl release, R 2180.[30]

Side one
  1. "Walk On" – 2:40
  2. "See the Sky About to Rain" – 5:03
  3. "Revolution Blues" – 4:02
  4. "For the Turnstiles" – 3:13
  5. "Vampire Blues" – 4:11
Side two
  1. "On the Beach" – 7:04
  2. "Motion Pictures" – 4:20
  3. "Ambulance Blues" – 8:57
Neil Young Archives website outtakes[31]
  1. "Tonight's The Night" – 4:26
  2. "Mellow My Mind" – 2.49
  3. "Human Highway" – 3:04
  4. "Ambulance Blues" – 4.49


  • Neil Young – vocals; guitar on "Walk On", "Revolution Blues", "Vampire Blues", "On the Beach", "Motion Pictures" and "Ambulance Blues"; harmonica on "See the Sky About to Rain", "Motion Pictures" and "Ambulance Blues"; Wurlitzer electric piano on "See the Sky About to Rain"; banjo guitar on "For the Turnstiles"; electric tambourine on "Ambulance Blues"
  • Ben Keithslide guitar, vocal on "Walk On", steel guitar on "See the Sky About to Rain"; Wurlitzer electric piano on "Revolution Blues"; Dobro, vocal on "For the Turnstiles"; organ, vocal, and hair drum on "Vampire Blues"; hand drums on "On the Beach"; bass on "Motion Pictures" and "Ambulance Blues"
  • Rusty Kershaw – slide guitar on "Motion Pictures"; fiddle on "Ambulance Blues"
  • David Crosbyrhythm guitar on "Revolution Blues"
  • George Whitsell – guitar on "Vampire Blues"
  • Graham Nash – Wurlitzer electric piano on "On the Beach"
  • Tim Drummond – bass on "See the Sky About to Rain", "Vampire Blues" and "On the Beach"; percussion on "Vampire Blues"
  • Billy Talbot – bass on "Walk On"
  • Rick Danko – bass on "Revolution Blues"
  • Ralph Molinadrums and vocal on "Walk On"; drums on "Vampire Blues" and "On the Beach"; hand drums on "Motion Pictures" and "Ambulance Blues"
  • Levon Helm – drums on "See the Sky About to Rain" and "Revolution Blues"


  • † Neil Young credited as Joe Yankee
  • All songs recorded at Sunset Sound, Los Angeles, except "Walk On" and "For The Turnstiles", recorded at Broken Arrow Studios, San Francisco (Woodside, nr. Redwood City, nr. San Francisco)


Chart performance for On The Beach
Chart (1974) Peak


Australia (Kent Music Report)[32] 34
US Billboard Top LPs & Tape[33] 16
UK Album Charts[34] 42
Canadian RPM 100 Albums[35] 13
French Album Charts[36] 3
Japanese Album Charts[37] 48
Norwegian VG-lista Albums[38] 10
Dutch MegaCharts Albums[39] 5
US Cash Box Top 100 Albums[40] 8
US Record World Album Chart[41] 16


Year Single Chart Position
1974 "Walk On" US Billboard Pop Singles[42] 69
US Cashbox Pop Singles[40] 54
US Record World Pop Singles[41] 66

Year End Album Charts

Chart (1974) Rank
Canada Album Charts[43] 86


Region Certification Certified units/sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[44] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[45] Gold 500,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.


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  2. ^ "Reviews". CMJ New Music Monthly. March 2001. p. 61.
  3. ^ On the Beach; https://neilyoungarchives.com/album?id=A_016
  4. ^ a b Shakey: Neil Young's Biography by Jimmy McDonough, p. 439
  5. ^ CBC Music; https://www.cbc.ca/music/why-on-the-beach-is-one-of-neil-young-s-most-underrated-enduring-albums-1.5363478
  6. ^ ThrashersWheat.org online petition in support of reissuing On the Beach.
  7. ^ Discogs.com [1], as part of the "Digital Masterpiece Series"
  8. ^ Greene, A. (3 June 2015) "Readers' Poll: The 10 Best Neil Young Deep Cuts". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  9. ^ Williams, A. (21 November 2017) "How Charles Manson Nearly Made It in Hollywood". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  10. ^ Perpetua, M. (24 June 2011) "The 15 Greatest Songs About Vampires". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Served Three Ways: Three Covers of Neil Young's "On The Beach"". Turntable Kitchen.
  12. ^ "Motion Pictures" by Neil Young, Songfacts; https://www.songfacts.com/facts/neil-young/motion-pictures
  13. ^ Guitare & Claviers magazine, April 1992; http://www.thrasherswheat.org/ptma/Frenchguitar492pt2.htm
  14. ^ "Riverboat". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  15. ^ "Toronto's Historical Plaques – Riverboat Coffee House". Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  16. ^ On The Beach cassette; https://www.discogs.com/Neil-Young-On-The-Beach/release/9120815
  17. ^ "On the Beach – Neil Young – Songs, Reviews, Credits – AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  18. ^ Raoul Hernandez (September 5, 2003). "Neil Young & Crazy Horse". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  19. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: Y". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 23, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  20. ^ Neil Robertson (August 17, 2003). "On The Beach". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  21. ^ "Neil Young". Pitchfork.com.
  22. ^ Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0857125958.
  23. ^ Martin C. Strong (1998). The Great Rock Discography (1st ed.). Canongate Books. ISBN 978-0-86241-827-4.
  24. ^ Gary Graff, ed. (1996). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide (1st ed.). London: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 978-0-7876-1037-1.
  25. ^ Sheffield, Rob (2004). "Minutemen". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). London: Fireside Books. pp. 545–546. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  26. ^ Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). "Minutemen". Spin Alternative Record Guide (1st ed.). New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.
  27. ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (2000). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 99. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
  28. ^ Rolling Stone (2020-09-22). "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  29. ^ exclaim.ca announcement of For the Turnstyles.
  30. ^ On The Beach; https://www.discogs.com/Neil-Young-On-The-Beach/release/579392
  31. ^ On The Beach, Neil Young Archives, https://neilyoungarchives.com/album?id=A_016
  32. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 295. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  33. ^ "Stephen Stills". Billboard. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
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  37. ^ "クロスビー,スティルス,ナッシュ&ヤングの売上ランキング". ORICON NEWS. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  38. ^ "norwegiancharts.com - Norwegian charts portal". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  39. ^ Hung, Steffen. "The Stills-Young Band - Long May You Run". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  40. ^ a b "CASH BOX MAGAZINE: Music and coin machine magazine 1942 to 1996". worldradiohistory.com. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  41. ^ a b "RECORD WORLD MAGAZINE: 1942 to 1982". worldradiohistory.com. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
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  43. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". 2014-04-29. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  44. ^ "British album certifications – Neil Young – On The Beach". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 17 November 2019.Select albums in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type On The Beach in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  45. ^ "American album certifications – Neil Young – On The Beach". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 17 November 2019.