On the Buses

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This article is about the TV series. For the first spin-off film, see On the Buses (film).
On the Buses
On the Buses card.png
Genre Comedy
Created by
Written by
  • Ronald Wolfe
  • Ronald Chesney
  • Bob Grant
  • Stephen Lewis
Music by Tony Russell
("Happy Harry")
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 7
No. of episodes 74 (list of episodes)
Producer(s) London Weekend Television
Running time 25 minutes
Original network ITV
Picture format 576i (4:3 SDTV)
Original release 28 February 1969 (1969-02-28) – 6 May 1973 (1973-05-06)
Followed by Don't Drink the Water

On the Buses is a British sitcom created and written by Ronald Wolfe and Ronald Chesney (although stars Stephen Lewis and Bob Grant also wrote several episodes) broadcast from 1969 to 1973. It spawned three spin-off feature films and a stage version. Despite the writers' previous successes with The Rag Trade and Meet the Wife with the BBC, the corporation rejected On the Buses, not seeing much comedy potential in a bus depot as a setting. The comedy partnership turned to a friend, Frank Muir, Head of Entertainment at London Weekend Television, who loved the idea; the show was accepted and despite a poor critical reception became a hit with viewers.[1] In a 2004 poll to find Britain's Best Sitcom, On the Buses was rated 53rd.

Cast and characters[edit]

Character Played by Series Episode count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Stan Butler Reg Varney Main 68
Jack Harper Bob Grant Main 74
Olive Rudge Anna Karen Main 74
Mabel Butler Cicely Courtneidge Main 7
Doris Hare Main 67
Inspector Blake Stephen Lewis Main 74
Arthur Rudge Michael Robbins Main 61

Main characters[edit]

The characters of On the Buses (left to right): Arthur, Olive, Stan, Mum, Jack and Blakey
  • Reg Varney as Stanley "Stan" Butler – a bus driver who works for the Luxton and District Traction Company along with Jack and Blake. He lives with his mother Mabel, sister Olive and brother-in-law Arthur. Stan often chats up the clippies at the bus depot.
  • Cicely Courtneidge (series 1) and Doris Hare (series 2-7) as Mabel Butler, Stan's mother. She is a maiden in distress when it comes to money. The Butler household is forever losing money and regularly getting the electricity cut off. Mabel is frequently caught up in arguments between Arthur, Olive and Stan.
  • Anna Karen as Olive Rudge, Stan's sister. Olive is always being criticised by her husband Arthur, even though she helps her mum with household jobs and frequently helps Stan with the decorating. Olive has twice been a clippie at the bus depot, both times being unsuccessful[clarification needed]. She is always wanting "an early night" with Arthur, much to his displeasure.
  • Michael Robbins as Arthur Rudge, Stan's brother in law. He is somewhat snooty and stuck up, and frequently resists Olive's intimate advances. His hospital operation is a frequent source of ridicule from Stan. Arthur is always tampering with his motorbike, which usually falls apart.
  • Bob Grant as Jack Harper, Stan's conductor, best friend and next-door neighbour. He and Stan are always getting into trouble and getting reprimanded by Inspector Blake. Whether it is tampering with radio controls, changing[clarification needed] and putting "DIVERSION" road signs in the wrong places or going on dates with the buxom clippies, they are always getting into scrapes.
  • Stephen Lewis as Cyril "Blakey" Blake – the inspector at the bus depot. Whenever there is a "brilliant idea" at the bus depot, it is usually Blakey's. These are usually elaborate schemes to temper Stan and Jack's frequent insubordination, or to entrap them in their misadventures in a bid to get them fired. However Blakey's schemes typically backfire with hilarious consequences, and land him either in trouble with the General Manager or in hospital.
Jack Harper

Recurring characters[edit]

  • Michael Sheard as the General Manager of the bus depot. He is always arguing with Inspector Blake about something that the Inspector has done. He was also the judge at the Gardening Competition in the episode "Gardening Time".
  • Madeleine Mills and Sandra Miller as the Inspector's niece. She was seen twice played by Madeleine Mills and twice by Sandra Miller. In her first two appearances she and Stan are in a love relationship; in the second they are engaged, but a tea party at Stan's house makes them split up. In her third appearance she got married to Bill, a bus driver at the depot. She also appeared in the episode "The New Nurse".
  • Sandra Bryant as Sandra – a clippie at the bus depot. Her character is seen frequently throughout the seventh series. In the first episode of the seventh series, she goes on a date with Stan to the cinema, until Olive comes along too.
  • Terry Duggan as Nobby – one of the bus depot's mechanics. He often assists Stan and Jack in their typical schemes and misadventures.

Series production[edit]

Seventy-four 25-minute episodes were made, as well as three spin-off films.

At the beginning of the seventh (and last) series Arthur, who is not seen, has left Olive and they are divorced. Olive again gets a job as a clippie on the buses as they are short of money. Stan takes a job in the north of England in a car factory in the "Goodbye Stan" episode, and the Inspector takes Stan's old room.

In addition, two five-minute Christmas specials were made by LWT as part of an All Star Comedy Carnival in 1969 and 1972, ITV's answer to the BBC's Christmas Night with the Stars programme. The 1969 edition has been lost, but the 1972 edition – featuring a goose that the cast are chasing for Christmas dinner – exists in the Thames Television archive, which is now owned by FremantleMedia. A spin-off series, Don't Drink the Water (1974–75), ran for thirteen episodes, featuring Blake retiring to Spain with his sister Dorothy (Pat Coombs).

Reg Varney undertook a PSV (now known as a PCV - Passenger Carrying Vehicle) driving test in order to be filmed driving the bus for the exterior scenes.

The earlier series were recorded at London Weekend Television's original studios in Wembley (now Fountain Studios). In late 1972, LWT relocated to new studios on the South Bank of the River Thames; here the outside doors to the main and secondary studios were too small to accommodate the double-decker buses used in the series. Therefore, single decker buses were used and a plywood mock up of an upper deck was lowered from a lighting rig.

Filmed external shots were part of the series. LWT arranged with the now defunct Eastern National Omnibus Company to use its buses at the long-gone Wood Green bus garage in north London. They were shown as belonging to Luxton and District. Luxton is supposed to be in Essex, and actual Essex towns including Southend-on-Sea, Basildon, Braintree and Tilbury are all mentioned. One of the bus route termini was "Cemetery Gates", for which LWT used the entrance to Lavender Hill Cemetery. A different Lavender Hill in Battersea also features in the last episode of the last series, featuring the town hall, now the Battersea Arts Centre.

The fourth series was affected by the ITV colour strike, with seven of thirteen episodes being made in black and white.


Theme music[edit]

The theme music for the series, entitled "Happy Harry", was written by Tony Russell.[2]


The series spawned three feature film spin-offs and a stage version

The three spin-off films were produced by Hammer Film Productions. They are On the Buses (1971), Mutiny on the Buses (1972), and Holiday on the Buses (1973), set in a holiday camp. On the Buses became Britain's top box office film of 1971.

The films were set in a different canon to the series – in the films, Arthur and Olive manage to have a child despite their apparently sexless marriage and Arthur's operation - the three films follow a loose story arc which follows the child (Little Arthur) growing up. Olive is pregnant with a second child at the end of Mutiny, but no further mention of this was made in the third film. Arthur's operation is mentioned in the first film, but later Olive gives birth to their baby son. The bus depot becomes The Town & District Bus Company instead of The Luxton & District Traction Company. The buses in the films are mostly red ones and one green one (not counting the Windsor Safari Park tour bus in Mutiny On The Buses).

American adaptation[edit]

The format of On the Buses was sold to America, where it was remade by NBC as Lotsa Luck, starring Dom DeLuise as Stanley Belmont with Kathleen Freeman as Iris Belmont, his mum, Wynn Irwin as Arthur Swann, Beverly Sanders as Olive Swann and Jack Knight as Bummy Pfitzer, his best friend. After a pilot was made, it ran for one series of 22 episodes in 1973–74. Episodes based on the original On The Buses scripts were adapted by such American writers as Carl Reiner, Bill Persky and Sam Denoff. The American version was unsuccessful and has never been screened in Britain. Inspector Blake did not appear in the American version, as Stan worked at the lost property office at the bus depot rather than being a driver.

Critical reception[edit]

Despite the popularity of On the Buses with sections of the public, TV reviewers and historians have generally held the show in lower regard.[3] In its section on situation comedies, The Guinness Book of Classic British TV describes On the Buses as ITV's "longest running and most self-consciously unfunny series".[3] TV reviewer Victor Lewis-Smith later criticised the then head of London Weekend Television, Frank Muir, for green-lighting the programme, which Lewis-Smith called "the wretched On the Buses".[4] Daily Telegraph journalist Max Davidson, discussing 1970s British comedy, listed On the Buses as one of the "unfunny sitcoms of the time",[5] while The Guardian's David Stubbs referred to On the Buses as "a byword for 70s sitcom mediocrity".[6]

Featured buses[edit]

The red Town & District buses were Bristol KSWs with Eastern Coach Works bodies. These were ex-Eastern National. Stan and Jack's "regular" bus appeared to be VNO 857.

The green Luxton & District buses were Bristol Lodekkas with bodywork by Eastern Coach Works of Lowestoft. In reality these were Eastern National buses (in some episodes buses could be seen with Eastern National on the side), although as mentioned earlier, the later interior depot shots were in fact 'dummy' buses. Some 'dummy' buses were real single deck buses with a wooden frame on top, such as in the Series 3 episode "Radio Control", when the bus has crashed into the bridge. The most commonly used bus in the series was AVW 399F. In later episodes the NBC symbol appears next to Luxton & District.

Stan's usual buses, AVW 399F and AEV 811F, are both still extant, in Lille, France and Los Angeles, California respectively.[7]

In the first episode of series 6, former London Transport bus RTL1557 (OLD 666) is featured and burnt out.

In popular culture[edit]

A stage play called Busman's Holiday, written by Sam Cree, starred Stephen Lewis, Bob Grant and Anna Karen. It was performed as a 1973 summer season at the Pavilion Theatre, Torquay. All of the character names were different from those in the original television series.

Look-in, a UK children's magazine, serialised On the Buses in comic strips between August 1971–May 1974). They were drawn by cartoonist Harry North and the TV series' often bawdy, sexist humour was suitably diluted for a younger audience.

A board game of On the Buses was released by Denys Fisher games in 1973.

Planned sequel[edit]

In 1990 there were plans to revive the series as Back on the Buses, and the original cast appeared on Wogan to promote the new series. However, although a pilot script was written, it wasn't made. Back On The Buses was to feature Stan Butler, having run his own business for some years and made some money, starting his own bus company in the newly deregulated market, and hiring Jack to work with him. As they attempt to get the company off the ground, they discover a rival company has set up in the town, owned by none other than Blakey. The comedy in the series would have come from the conflict between the two businesses, and how Stan and Jack attempted to battle Blakey's bigger and more professional outfit.

DVD releases[edit]

Region 1[edit]

Visual Entertainment released On the Buses: The Ultimate Collection, an eleven-disc box set featuring the complete series on DVD on 12 September 2006.

Region 2[edit]

Network DVD released On the Buses: The Complete Series box set on DVD on 13 November 2006 for the very first time. On 25 May 2008 the box set was re-released in a new repackaged version. They have also released each series individually.

Region 4[edit]

Beyond Home Entertainment released the entire series on DVD in seven series sets between 2 July 2007–8 April 2009. In 2010 they released The Complete Series 11-DVD box set.


The original series has been repeated quite often on ITV3 since 2009, still being shown in 2016.[citation needed]

Fox Classics on the Australian Fox cable network regularly shows the series, with the latest run commencing on 5 March 2016.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Comedy Classics ITV 1, narrated by Ronni Ancona, broadcast 2008
  2. ^ Walker, Craig (2012). The On The Buses Quiz Book. Andrews UK Limited. p. 267. ISBN 9781909143111. 
  3. ^ a b The Guinness Book of Classic British TV, by Paul Cornell, Martin Day and Keith Topping, Second Edition.Guinness Publishing Ltd., 1996 (p.66).
  4. ^ Lewis-Smith, Victor. (10 January 1998), "I Pull the Plug on "Mr. Pitcher"", The Mirror, (p. 6).
  5. ^ "Despite Russell Brand and Jonathan Ross, comedy still needs to risk giving offence" Daily Telegraph, 1 November 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2014..
  6. ^ Reg Varney reaches the end of the line David Stubbs, The Guardian 17 November 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  7. ^ http://bcv.robsly.com/enlod.html List of Eastern National Lodekka survivors

Further reading[edit]

  • Fisher, Tex (2011). I 'Ate You Butler! - The Making of On the Buses. Deck Chair Publishing. ISBN 9780956563415. 
  • Walker, Craig (2009). On the Buses: The Complete Story. Apex Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781906358693. 
  • Walker, Craig (2014). A to Z of On the Buses. Mirador Publishing. ISBN 9781910104200. 

External links[edit]