On the Universe

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De mundo (Greek: Περὶ Κόσμου), known in English as On the Universe, is the work of an unknown author which was ascribed to Aristotle. Because of this, the author is referred to as a Pseudo-Aristotle. The date of the work is uncertain; it has been argued that it was composed before 250 BC or between 350 and 200 BC.[1] It is found under the Bekker numbers 391–401. It should not be confused with On the Heavens.

Overview[edit]

De mundo discusses cosmological (chapter 2) and meteorological (chapter 4) subjects.

After its original publication in Greek, the work was translated to Latin by Apuleius, into Syriac by Sergius of Reshaina and three distinct Arabic versions.[2]

Wilhelm Capelle (de) (Neue Jahrbücher, 1905), traced most of the doctrines to Posidonius.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bos, A. P. (2003). The soul and its instrumental body: a reinterpretation of Aristotle's philosophy of living nature. Brill's studies in intellectual history,. 112. Leiden: Brill. p. 210. ISBN 9789004130166.
  2. ^ McCollum, Adam (2011). "Sergius of Reshaina as Translator: The Case of the De Mundo". In Lössl, Josef; Watt, John W. Interpreting the Bible and Aristotle in Late Antiquity: The Alexandrian Commentary Tradition Between Rome and Baghdad. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing. p. 165. ISBN 9781409410072.
  3. ^ Aristotle; Forster, E. S. (Edward Seymour), 1879-1950; Dobson, J. F. (John Frederic), 1875-1947 (1914). De Mundo. p. 1.