Onalaska, Texas

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Onalaska, Texas
City Hall
City Hall
Motto: 
The Heart of Lake Livingston
Location of Onalaska, Texas
Location of Onalaska, Texas
Polk County Onalaska.svg
Coordinates: 30°48′28″N 95°6′24″W / 30.80778°N 95.10667°W / 30.80778; -95.10667Coordinates: 30°48′28″N 95°6′24″W / 30.80778°N 95.10667°W / 30.80778; -95.10667
Country United States
State Texas
CountyPolk
Area
 • Total5.35 sq mi (13.85 km2)
 • Land5.33 sq mi (13.79 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
177 ft (54 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,020
 • Density557.08/sq mi (215.09/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77360
Area code936
FIPS code48-54048[2]
GNIS feature ID1364545[3]
WebsiteCity of Onalaska

Onalaska is a city in Polk County, Texas, United States. Situated on a peninsula between the main channel and one arm of Lake Livingston, the population was 3,020 at the 2020 census.

History[edit]

Tornado damage in 2020

Onalaska was struck by a F2 tornado on May 1, 1967. The tornado unroofed a combined store and post office ripped out its rear wall injuring two people.[4]

The town was hit by an even stronger EF3 tornado on April 22, 2020. This damaged many homes, killed three people, and injured 33 others.[5]

Geography[edit]

Onalaska is located at 30°48′28″N 95°6′24″W / 30.80778°N 95.10667°W / 30.80778; -95.10667 (30.807783, –95.106575).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) of it is land and 0.47% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980386
199072888.6%
20001,17461.3%
20101,76450.3%
20203,02071.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Onalaska racial composition as of 2020[8]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,492 82.52%
Black or African American (NH) 89 2.95%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 23 0.76%
Asian (NH) 21 0.7%
Some Other Race (NH) 13 0.43%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 166 5.5%
Hispanic or Latino 216 7.15%
Total 3,020

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,020 people, 1,232 households, and 809 families residing in the city.

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,174 people, 538 households, and 350 families residing in the city. The population density was 549.0 people per square mile (211.8/km2). There were 961 housing units at an average density of 449.4 per square mile (173.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.23% White, 6.56% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.39% of the population.

There were 538 households, out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.66.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 24.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $33,500. Males had a median income of $28,417 versus $23,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,003. About 8.3% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Onalaska is served by the Onalaska Independent School District. The district is led by Onalaska ISD Superintendent Anthony Roberts

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ National Weather Service (May 2019). Texas Event Report: F2 Tornado (Report). National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  5. ^ "NWS Damage Survey for April 22 2020 Polk County Tornado Event". Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Houston, Texas. April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  9. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]

External links[edit]