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Parasite140065-fig2 Foleyella furcata.tif
Foleyella furcata in the blood of lizards from Madagascar[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Subclass: Spiruria
Order: Spirurida
Superfamily: Filarioidea
Family: Onchocercidae
Chabaud and Anderson, 1959

See text.

Onchocercidae Chabaud & Anderson, 1959[2] is a family of nematodes in the superfamily Filarioidea. This family includes some of the most devastating human parasitic diseases, such as Lymphatic filariasis, Onchocerciasis, Loiasis, and other filariases.

Representative genera and species[edit]

The taxonomy of nematodes in the order Spirurida is still in a state of flux, and family Onchocercidae contains around 70–80 genera.[3] The following genera are included in the family Onchocercidae in the Wikispecies project and the Entrez Taxonomy Browser. The latter is the taxonomic system used in the NCBI family of databases, including PubMed.


  • Acanthocheilonema
    • Acanthocheilonema viteae (parasite of gerbils in Eastern Europe, Iran and North Africa)
    • Acanthocheilonema reconditum (parasite of dogs)
  • Brugia
  • Cercopithifilaria
    • Cercopithifilaria johnstoni (parasite of rodents and marsupials in Australia)
  • Chandlerella
  • Dipetalonema
    • Dipetalonema reconditum (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
    • Dipetalonema repens (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
  • Dirofilaria
    • Dirofilaria immitis (heartworm in dogs and cats, occasionally humans)
    • Dirofilaria repens (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
    • Dirofilaria tenuis (parasite of raccoons, and rarely humans)
    • Dirofilaria ursi (parasite of bears, and sometimes humans)
  • Elaeophora
  • Foleyella
    • Foleyella furcata (parasite of lizards)
  • Litomosa
    • Litomosa westi (parasite of bats)
  • Litomosoides
    • Litomosoides brasiliensis (parasite of bats)
    • Litomosoides scotti (parasite of the marsh rice rat)
    • Litomosoides sigmodontis (parasite of rodents)
    • Litomosoides wilsoni (parasite of opossums)
  • Loa
  • Mansonella (see also Mansonelliasis)
    • Mansonella ozzardi (parasite of man in Central and South America)
    • Mansonella perstans (parasite of humans and primates in Africa and South America)
    • Mansonella streptocerca (parasite of humans in Africa)
  • Ochoterenella
    • Ochoterenella digiticauda (parasite of amphibians)
  • Onchocerca
    • Onchocerca gibsoni (parasite of cattle in Asia and Australia)
    • Onchocerca gutturosa (parasite of cattle in Africa, Europe, and North America)
    • Onchocerca volvulus (parasite of humans in Africa, cause of River blindness)
  • Piratuba
    • Piratuba digiticauda (parasite of amphibians)
  • Sarconema
    • Sarconema eurycerca (cause of heartworm in swans)
  • Waltonella
    • Waltonella flexicauda (parasite of bullfrogs)
  • Wuchereria
    • Wuchereria bancrofti (parasite of humans, cause of "bancroftian filariasis")
    • Wuchereria kalimantani (parasite of monkeys in Indonesia)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maia, João P.; Crottini, Angelica; Harris, David James (2014). "Microscopic and molecular characterization of Hepatozoon domerguei (Apicomplexa) and Foleyella furcata (Nematoda) in wild endemic reptiles from Madagascar". Parasite. 21: 47. doi:10.1051/parasite/2014046. ISSN 1776-1042. PMC 4165108free to read. PMID 25224723.  open access publication - free to read
  2. ^ Chabaud A.G., Anderson R.C. (1959). "Nouvel essai de classification des Filaires (superfamille Filarioidea)". Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée. 34: 64–87. 
  3. ^ Anderson, R.C. (2000) "Family Onchocercidae." In: Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates: Their Development and Transmission. 2nd Edition. CABI Publishing: Wallingford, England. ISBN 0-85199-421-0. pp. 472-532.

External links[edit]