Onești

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Onești
Municipality
View from Perchiu Hill
View from Perchiu Hill
Flag of Onești
Flag
Coat of arms of Onești
Coat of arms
Onești is located in Romania
Onești
Onești
Location of Onești
Coordinates: 46°15′31″N 26°46′09″E / 46.25861°N 26.76917°E / 46.25861; 26.76917Coordinates: 46°15′31″N 26°46′09″E / 46.25861°N 26.76917°E / 46.25861; 26.76917
Country Romania
CountyBacău County
StatusMunicipality
Government
 • MayorNicolae Gnatiuc (PSD)
Area
 • Total52.48 km2 (20.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total39,172
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.onesti.ro/[permanent dead link]

Onești (Romanian pronunciation: [oˈneʃtʲ]; Hungarian: Ónfalva) is a city in Bacău County, Romania, with a population of 39,172 inhabitants. It is situated in the historical region of Western Moldavia.

Administratively, the villages of Slobozia and Borzești form part of Onești.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1956 11,253—    
1966 35,663+216.9%
1977 41,738+17.0%
1992 58,810+40.9%
2002 51,681−12.1%
2011 39,172−24.2%
Source: Census data

The city was founded as a village on December 14, 1458, and it is said that was named after prince Stephen the Great's daughter, Oana, its overlord. At the death of the Communist leader Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej in March 1965, it was renamed Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, but the name was changed back in 1996[1].

Geography[edit]

Onești is located in the Trotuș Depression at an altitude of 175 m.

Borzești[edit]

Borzești, according to legend, was the birthplace of Stephen III of Moldavia. It is the site of the Borzești Church, which was built on his orders in 1493-1494.[2]

Borzești is located to the northeast of Onești. Under separate administration until 1968,[3] the Borzești Petrochemical Plant is located there.[4][5]

Culture[edit]

Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of the city, whose inhabitants are predominantly Romanian Orthodox. St. Nicholas Day, 6 December, is the municipal day of Onești.

Natives[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Oneşti | Romania". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  2. ^ Rozalia & Teodor Verde (July 2003). Monografia Municipiului Onești – în date și evenimente. Onești. p. 12.
  3. ^ Rozalia & Teodor Verde (July 2003). Monografia Municipiului Onești – în date și evenimente. Onești. p. 51.
  4. ^ Ioan Șandru, Constantin V. Toma, Nicu Aur (1989). Orașele Trotușene – Studiu de geografie umană II. Bacău: Întreprinderea Poligrafică Bacău. p. 190.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Pintilie, Rusu (1980). Județele Patriei – Județul Bacău. Sport-Turism București. p. 158.
  6. ^ [1]

External links[edit]