One Liberty Plaza

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One Liberty Plaza
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1 Liberty Plaza
General information
Status Complete
Type Commercial Office
Location 165 Broadway, New York City, New York, United States 10006
Coordinates 40°42′35″N 74°00′41″W / 40.70972°N 74.01139°W / 40.70972; -74.01139Coordinates: 40°42′35″N 74°00′41″W / 40.70972°N 74.01139°W / 40.70972; -74.01139
Construction started 1969
Completed 1972
Opening 1973
Cost $120 million (1973 USD)
Owner Brookfield Office Properties
Roof 743 ft (226 m)
Technical details
Floor count 54
Floor area 204,000 m2 (2,200,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Skidmore, Owings and Merrill
Developer U.S. Steel Corporation
Structural engineer Paul Weidlinger/Weiskopf & Pickworth LLP
Main contractor Turner Construction Company

One Liberty Plaza, formerly the U.S. Steel Building, is a skyscraper in Lower Manhattan, in New York City, at the location of the former Singer Building (tallest structure ever dismantled) and the former City Investing Building. One Liberty Plaza is currently owned and operated by Brookfield Office Properties. The building is 743 ft (226 m) tall and has 54 floors. It was completed in 1973. At 2,200,000 sq ft (200,000 m2), each floor offers almost 1 acre (0.40 ha) of office space, making it one of the largest office buildings in New York.

Its facade is black, consisting of a structural steel frame. The building was originally commissioned by U.S. Steel. It once housed the headquarters of Merrill Lynch. Currently, a variety of tenants occupy the space, from large law firms to public and not-for-profit agencies like the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation and the World Trade Center Memorial Foundation as well as new businesses.

The building is bordered by Broadway, Cortlandt Street, Church Street, and Liberty Street. South of the building is Zucotti Park, formerly called Liberty Plaza Park.


The predecessors at the site, which were demolished to make way for 1 Liberty Plaza: Singer Building (tallest tower in the center of the image) and City Investing Building (large block with slant roof tower).
Image of the World Trade Center site, facing 1 Liberty Plaza, 17 days after the September 11 attacks.

To build 1 Liberty Plaza, the famous Singer Building was demolished in 1968. Finished in 1908, it was the tallest building in the world for a period. The former City Investing Building adjacent to it was also torn down, completing the footprint for 1 Liberty Plaza to be constructed.

The building had a substantial renovation in 1989, which involved the creation of a new lobby and elevator system. The lobby and elevators have an extensive security system, and the building has a connection to the New York City Subway's Fulton Street/Fulton Center station (2 3 4 5 A C J Z N R trains) in the basement.

The building is adjacent to the World Trade Center site. Following the events of September 11, 2001, the building had broken windows and light facade damage. Brooks Brothers on the ground floor of the building was used as a temporary morgue in the days following the attack.

As of 2006, it was the 188th tallest building in the world.[citation needed]


One Liberty Plaza is a hub of Wall Street activity, housing the NASDAQ OMX Group Corporate Headquarters[2] (3 floors), and RBC Capital Markets' trading floors.[3] Major tenants are Goldman Sachs (8 floors), the Bank of Nova Scotia (5 floors), the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, and the international law firm Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (531 attorneys on 11 floors).[4] It also houses the corporate headquarters of Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield,[5] Investment Technology Group, and insurance companies Sirius America, Mutual of America, Swiss Re, Generali, and Allianz and its subsidiaries Fireman's Fund and Interstate/Chicago.[6][7][8]

In popular culture[edit]

In Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Rises, One Liberty Plaza was depicted as Wayne Tower (home of Wayne Enterprises) in an aerial shot of Gotham City.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ One Liberty Plaza at Emporis
  2. ^ Contact NASDAQ. (May 24, 2011). Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  3. ^ RBC Capital Markets – _03_O3E9791/. Advanced Trading. Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  4. ^ Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP | Lawyers. Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  5. ^ June 15. Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  6. ^ 1 Liberty Plaza Tenants by Floor – WTC Info. (September 11, 2001). Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  7. ^ WTC Tenant Relocation Summary as of March 2002. TenantWise. Retrieved on October 18, 2011.
  8. ^ Locallife Lower Manhattan – Businesses found on Liberty Plaza, New York. Retrieved on October 18, 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to One Liberty Plaza at Wikimedia Commons