One Step Forward, Two Steps Back
One Step Forward, Two Steps Back - The Crisis in Our Party (Шаг вперёд, два шага назад) is a work written by Lenin published on May 6/19, 1904. In it Lenin defends his role in the 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, held in Brussels and London from July 30 to August 23, 1903. Lenin examines the circumstances that resulted in a split in the party between a Bolshevik ("majority") faction, led by himself, and a Menshevik ("minority") faction, led by Julius Martov.
Written in 1904 in response to controversies within the Social Democratic Labour Party's Second Congress regarding the status of party membership and organization, Lenin frames this conflicting factionalism within the Party in terms of dialectics. According to Lenin, there are two conflicting factions within the party: "the revolutionaries", which consists of the majority of party members (the Bolsheviks) and "the opportunists", which are the minority (the Mensheviks). 
- Christopher Read (2005) Lenin. London, Routledge: 68-74
- Lenin, Vladimir (1975). The Lenin Anthology. United States of America: Norton. pp. 115–120.
- One Step Forward, Two Steps Back - The Crisis in Our Party by Vladimir Lenin at the Marxists Internet Archive
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