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In cricket, a one-Test wonder is usually a cricketer who is only selected for one Test match during his career and never represents his country again (not necessarily due to poor performance). The term may derive from "one-hit wonder", which is used to describe singers who have only one hit song. The term is also used in rugby.
More rarely, the term may refer to a player who has played in more than one Test, but was very successful only once. Examples include the bowlers India's Narendra Hirwani, and Australia's Bob Massie, both of whom took eight wickets in each innings of their debut matches, but then failed to live up to their early promise.
As of September 2006, there had been 377 players who have only played one Test match. Some of the best performances by players are:
- Andy Ganteaume, who scored 112 for the West Indies in his only Test innings in 1948, and so has the highest test batting average of all time.
- Rodney Redmond is the only other player to have scored a century in his only Test, scoring 107 and 56 while opening the batting for New Zealand in 1973;
- West Indian Vic Stollmeyer, brother of Jeff Stollmeyer, score 96 in his only Test.
- Stuart Law scored 54 not out in his only Test innings for Australia, leaving him without a Test average.
- Gobo Ashley took 7 for 95 for South Africa in the first innings of his single Test in 1889,
- Charles Marriott recorded match figures of 11 for 96 (5 for 37 and 6 for 59) in his only match for England in 1933. No other bowlers have taken more ten wickets in their only Test.
- Among wicket-keepers, Indian player Rajindernath made four stumpings in his only Test, but was not called on to bat.
About one in eight Test cricketers are only picked once. Occasionally, one-Test wonders have been recalled to Test cricket after a gap of several years. One example was Ryan Sidebottom, who was recalled for his second Test in 2007 after his debut in 2001. Coincidentally his father, Arnie Sidebottom, was a one-Test wonder.
- Huw Richards (6 June 2007). "Cricket: Sidebottom lifts family curse". New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Martin Bowerman (14 December 2006). "No shame in one-Test wonder". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Is WA's Chris Rogers a one-Test wonder". The Sunday Times (Western Australia). 18 January 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Darren Walton (6 November 2008). "Turner no longer a one-Test wonder". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Narendra Hirwani took 8/61 and 8/75 for India in the fourth Test against West Indies at Madras in January 1988.
- Bob Massie took 8/84 and 8/53 for Australia in the second Test against England at Lord's in June 1972.
- The 377 One-Test wonders in September 2006 exclude Alan Jones, who played one "Test" for England against a Rest of the World XI in 1970 which was later stripped of Test status, and never played for England again - The uncapped One-Test wonder, Cricinfo, September 9, 2006.
- "Vic Stollmeyer". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
- Cricinfo - Players and Officials - Stuart Law
- Best performances by One-Test wonders, Stump Bearders No 33, BBC Sport, 20 August 2002.
- One-match wonders, and Shah's second chance, Cricinfo, May 16, 2007
- Cricinfo - Players and Officials - Rajindernath
- Cricinfo - Glowing in the cold
- Cricinfo - Sidebottom ready for long-awaited second chance