One Ton Cup
The One Ton Cup is a trophy presented to the winner of a sailing competition created in 1899 by the Cercle de la voile de Paris (CVP). These regattas were at the beginning of races between one-tonner sailing yachts, dinghies, according to the 1892 Godinet rule. This Coupe internationale du Cercle de la voile de Paris, its original name, has been raced since 1907 on International 6 Metre, except for four years, from 1920 to 1923, where it was raced on 6.5m SI. In 1965 this one-tonner Cup was thrown in within the scope of ocean racing, on Jean Peytel’s initiative, member of the CVP, following the activity slowdown of the 6m JI class. The One Ton Cup was then raced according to the RORC rule on 22 feet boats, and on IOR rule on 27.5 feet boats from 1971, followed by IOR rule 30.5 feet in 1984.
Mr Mantois, vice-president of the Cercle de la voile de Paris, announced the creation of the International One Ton Cup on 11 October 1898. It had to be raced on the Seine River at Meulan, home of the CVP or in Cowes if owned by a foreigner1. The yachts had to have a tonnage certificate of one ton at the most according to the Godinet rule of 1892.
The silver cup
The cup was designed in 1897 by the jeweller Robert Linzeler and was made by Bratiau in 1898. It is made of planished solid silver and weighs 10 kilos. The lot is 58 centimetres wide (81 with the handles) and 57 centimetres high. Placed on an ebony plinth, it is considered as a masterpiece of Art nouveau style.
The first Godinet rule One Ton Cups
These one-tonners are dinghies measuring up to 7 metres, capable of planing in certain conditions and built with a scantling as light as possible, the balance being ensured by the crew. These yachts were also present at the 1900 Olympic Games, in the 0.5 to 1 tonner class.
The first Cup took place from 2 May 1899 in Meulan. The English competitor Vectis was beaten by the French yacht Bélouga steered by Eugène Laverne during the three timed rounds. Bélouga had the advantage of knowing the river and had been capped among nine French one-tonners specifically built for this event. In 1900, Scotia 1, designed by Linton Hope faced Sidi-Fekkar steered and designed by Eugène Laverne. Sidi-Fekkar won the Cup at the end of the decisive fifth round. But Scotia won the gold medal at the Olympics.
Scotia 2 from the Sea View Yacht-Club won the Cup in England in 1901. One of the reasons of the French failure was the switch in 1901 from the 1892 rule to the Méran formula; the one-tonner Sidi-Fekkar weighed close to two tons according to this 1901 rule and had to be changed3. Sequana, the defender yacht chosen by the CVP in 1901, steered by Eugène Laverne was beaten, as well as the Italian yacht Dai-Dai. In 1902, Scotia III won in three rounds against August steered by Valton, member of the CVP, still for the SVYC. France won the Cup back in 1903 with Chocolat, Auguste Godinet’s plan, at the origin of the 1892 rule. Valton, Méran and Arthus won against the defender Iris. In 1906, after two years without challenge, the last Cup played on a French rule one-tonner was won by Feu Follet with Louis Potheau of the CVP in front of N.R.V. from Hamburg.
The era of international 6 Metre
From 1907 the CVP decided to have this One Ton Cup contested in international 6-metre yachts, a brand-new rule ratified by the representatives of the European Nautical Authorities during the London congress in 1906. They were not 6 to 7-metre dinghies anymore but keelboats of about eleven metres hull length that confronted each other during regattas that continued to bear the name of one-tonners cup or One Ton Cup. Onkel Adolf for Germany won the first Cup on 6 Metre in 1907.
In 1913, the 6 Metre Cremona of the Royal Thames Yacht Club won the last Cup before the First World War. After an interlude of four Cups contested in 6.5m SI, the CVP decided in 1923 to come back to international 6 Metre, at the British challengers’ request5.
The era of 6.50mSI
From 1920 to 1923 four cups were contested in 6.5m SI at the CVP’s request. The 6.50m of the French rule known as « Chemin de fer » rule, adopted in Continental Europe since the yachts could be carried on standard flat wagons, favoured the number of challengers. The English defender 6.50m Cordella won the Cup four times. It was a plan by Morgan Giles that was opposed among others to Oranje, gold medal for the Netherlands in 6.50m at the 19205 Olympics.
The era of the ocean race and One-tonner
The 6 Metre, back in 1924, is a declining series after 1945. At the beginning of the 1960s, Jean Peytel, member of the Cercle de la voile de Paris suggested to revive the CVP International Cup in RORC rule 22 feet maximum yacht.
The first One Ton Cup in racing-cruising yachts was raced off Le Havre in 1965 by fourteen yachts. The winner was the Danish yacht Diana III. The real-time racing formula, including a race on the open sea and two coastal8 regattas, was so successful that yachts were specifically designed for that event. They were named the One-tonners although this designation did not correspond any longer to any rule of that period.
In 1971 the IOR rule (International Offshore Rule), result of the merger between the RORC rule and the CCA (Cruising Club of America) American rule, came into force for the races on the open sea9,6. The One-Tonners switched to IOR 27.5 feet.
In November 1983 the ORC (Offshore Racing Council, renamed Offshore Racing Congress en 2005) decided to bring the IOR rule of the One-Tonners up to 30.5, the smallest size for yachts accepted for the Admiral's Cup. The first One Ton Cup with that rule was contested by 24 yachts in 1984. Philippe Briand, architect and skipper of Passion 2 won in La Rochelle11, France.
In 1999 the world championship of the Corel 45 series (IC 45, Farr 45) was attributed to the One Ton Cup. The first Cup was won by Bertrand Pacé.
Past Winners include:
- 1969 Rainbow II - design by Sparkman & Stephens - skipper Chris Bouzaid, New Zealand sailed at Heligoland
- 1971 Stormy Petrel - design by Sparkman & Stephens - skipper Syd Fischer, Australia sailed in New Zealand
- 1972 Wai Aniwa - design by Carter
- 1973 Ydra - design by Carter
- 1974 Gumboots - design by Doug Peterson - skipper Jeremy Rogers, United Kingdom, sailed in Torquay, United Kingdom
- 1975 Pied Piper - design by Doug Peterson - skipper Jennings
- 1976 Resolute Salmon - design by Britton Chance, Jr. - skipper Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini, sailed at Marseille [(France)]
- 1977 Red Lion - design by Bruce Farr - skipper Stuart Brentnall
- 1978 Tilsalg - design by Ron Holland
- 1979 Pendragon - design by Laurie Davidson - skipper MacLauren
- 1980 Filo da Torcere - design by Studio Andrea Vallicelli & C. - skipper Nicola Sironi, sailed at Naples
- 1981 Justine III - design by Tony Castro - skipper Harold Cudmore, United Kingdom
- 1983 Linda - design by Sciomachen
- 1984 Passion - design by Philippe Briand
- 1985 Jade - design by Rob Humphreys
- 1986 Andelsbanken - design by Niels Jeppesen - skipper Henrik Søderlund, Denmark sailed at Palma Spain
- 1987 Fram X - design by Bruce Farr - skipper H.M. King Harald V of Norway, Norway sailed at Kiel Germany
- 1988 Propaganda - design by Bruce Farr
- 1989 Brava - design by Bruce Farr - skipper Paul Cayard, United States sailed at Naples Italy
- 1990 Okyalos - design by Niels Jeppesen - skipper Henrik Søderlund, Denmark sailed at Marstrand Sweden
- 1991 Vibes - design by Bruce Farr - skipper David H Clarke, United States sailed in Belgium
- 1992 Brava Q8 - design by Bruce Farr - sailed at Skovshoved Denmark
- 1993 Pinta - design by judel/vrolijk - skipper Russell Coutts, New Zealand sailed at Cagliari Sardinia, Italy
- 1994 Pinta - design by judel/vrolijk - skipper John Kostecki, United States sailed at Marseille France
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