One Ton Cup

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One Ton Cup prize-giving in Saint-Tropez in 2002

The One Ton Cup is a trophy presented to the winner of a sailing competition created in 1899 by the Cercle de la voile de Paris (CVP). These regattas were at the beginning of races between one-tonner sailing yachts, dinghies, according to the 1899 Godinet rule. This Coupe internationale du Cercle de la voile de Paris, its original name, has been raced since 1907 on International 6 Metre, except for four years, from 1920 to 1923, where it was raced on 6.5m SI. In 1965 this one-tonner Cup was thrown in within the scope of ocean racing, on Jean Peytel’s initiative, member of the CVP, following the activity slowdown of the 6m JI class. The One Ton Cup was then raced according to the RORC rule on 22 feet boats, and on IOR rule on 27.5 feet boats from 1971, followed by IOR rule 30.5 feet in 1984.

In 1999, the One Ton Cup was allotted to the Corel 45 class world championship, renamed IC 45, a one-design boat designed by Bruce Farr.

In 2016 the Cup was allocated to the FAST40+ Class for a regatta to be sailed in the Solent from September 16 to 18.

History[edit]

The One Ton Cup

Mr Mantois, vice-president of the Cercle de la voile de Paris, announced the creation of the International One Ton Cup on 11 October 1898. It had to be raced on the Seine River at Meulan, home of the CVP or in Cowes if owned by a foreigner. The yachts had to have a tonnage certificate of one ton at the most according to the Godinet rule of 1892.

The silver cup[edit]

The cup was designed in 1897 by the jeweller Robert Linzeler and was made by Bratiau in 1898. It is made of planished solid silver and weighs 10 kilos. The lot is 58 centimetres wide (81 with the handles) and 57 centimetres high. Placed on an ebony plinth, it is considered as a masterpiece of Art nouveau style.

The first Godinet rule One Ton Cups[edit]

Scotia 1, challenger of the 1900 One Ton Cup, designed by Linton Hope, beaten by defender Sidi-Fekkar of Eugène Laverne.

These one-tonners are dinghies measuring up to 7 metres, capable of planing in certain conditions and built with a scantling as light as possible, the balance being ensured by the crew. These yachts were also present at the 1900 Olympic Games, in the 0.5 to 1 tonner class.

The first Cup took place from 2 May 1899 in Meulan. The English competitor Vectis was beaten by the French yacht Bélouga steered by Eugène Laverne during the three timed rounds. Bélouga had the advantage of knowing the river and had been capped among nine French one-tonners specifically built for this event. In 1900, Scotia 1, designed by Linton Hope faced Sidi-Fekkar steered and designed by Eugène Laverne. Sidi-Fekkar won the Cup at the end of the decisive fifth round. But Scotia won the gold medal at the Olympics.

Scotia 2 from the Sea View Yacht-Club won the Cup in England in 1901. One of the reasons of the French failure was the switch in 1901 from the 1892 rule to the Méran formula; the one-tonner Sidi-Fekkar weighed close to two tons according to this 1901 rule and had to be changed3. Sequana, the defender yacht chosen by the CVP in 1901, steered by Eugène Laverne was beaten, as well as the Italian yacht Dai-Dai. In 1902, Scotia III won in three rounds against August steered by Valton, member of the CVP, still for the SVYC. France won the Cup back in 1903 with Chocolat, Auguste Godinet’s plan, at the origin of the 1892 rule. Valton, Méran and Arthus won against the defender Iris. In 1906, after two years without challenge, the last Cup played on a French rule one-tonner was won by Feu Follet with Louis Potheau of the CVP in front of N.R.V. from Hamburg.

The era of international 6 Metre[edit]

6 Metre Mac Miche, gold medal at the 1912 Olympics

From 1907 the CVP decided to have this One Ton Cup contested in international 6-metre yachts, a brand-new rule ratified by the representatives of the European Nautical Authorities during the London congress in 1906. They were not 6 to 7-metre dinghies anymore but keelboats of about eleven metres hull length that confronted each other during regattas that continued to bear the name of one-tonners cup or One Ton Cup. Onkel Adolf for Germany won the first Cup on 6 Metre in 1907.

In 1913, the 6 Metre Cremona of the Royal Thames Yacht Club won the last Cup before the First World War. After an interlude of four Cups contested in 6.5m SI, the CVP decided in 1923 to come back to international 6 Metre, at the British challengers’ request5.

The era of 6.50mSI[edit]

1907 rule 6.50m, in the style of 6.50m that raced the One Ton Cup from 1920 to 1923.

From 1920 to 1923 four cups were contested in 6.5m SI at the CVP’s request. The 6.50m of the French rule known as « Chemin de fer » rule, adopted in Continental Europe since the yachts could be carried on standard flat wagons, favoured the number of challengers. The English defender 6.50m Cordella won the Cup four times. It was a plan by Morgan Giles that was opposed among others to Oranje, gold medal for the Netherlands in 6.50m at the 19205 Olympics.

The era of the ocean race and One-tonner[edit]

The 6 Metre, back in 1924, is a declining series after 1945. At the beginning of the 1960s, Jean Peytel, member of the Cercle de la voile de Paris suggested to revive the CVP International Cup in RORC rule 22 feet maximum yacht.

The first One Ton Cup in racing-cruising yachts was raced off Le Havre in 1965 by fourteen yachts. The winner was the Danish yacht Diana III. The real-time racing formula, including a race on the open sea and two coastal regattas, was so successful that yachts were specifically designed for that event. They were named the One-tonners although this designation did not correspond any longer to any rule of that period.

In 1971 the IOR rule (International Offshore Rule), result of the merger between the RORC rule and the CCA (Cruising Club of America) American rule, came into force for the races on the open sea9,6. The One-Tonners switched to IOR 27.5 feet.

In November 1983 the ORC (Offshore Racing Council, renamed Offshore Racing Congress in 2005) decided to bring the IOR rule of the One-Tonners up to 30.5, the smallest size for yachts accepted for the Admiral's Cup. The first One Ton Cup with that rule was contested by 24 yachts in 1984. Philippe Briand, architect and skipper of Passion 2 won in La Rochelle11, France.

In 1999 the world championship of the Corel 45 series (IC 45, Farr 45) was attributed to the One Ton Cup. The first Cup was won by Bertrand Pacé.

Winners[edit]

Edition Yacht Class Skipper Designer
1899 Meulan  Bélouga (FRA) 1-tonner Godinet Rule Eugène Laverne Alphonse Tellier
1900 Meulan  Sidi-Fekkar (FRA) 1-tonner Godinet Rule Eugène Laverne Eugène Laverne
1901 Meulan  Scotia 2 (GBR) 1-tonner Méran Rule Sea View YC Linton Hope
1902 Cowes  Scotia III (GBR) 1-tonner Méran Rule Sea View YC Linton Hope
1903 Cowes  Chocolat (FRA) 1-tonner Méran Rule Valton Auguste Godinet
1906 Meulan  Feu Follet (FRA) 1-tonner Méran Rule Louis Potheau Pierre Arbaut
1907 Meulan  Onkel Adolf (GER) 6 mJI Fritz Kirsten Wilhelm von Hacht
1908 Kiel  Windspiel XI (GER) 6 mJI Fritz Kirsten Wilhelm von Hacht
1909 Kiel  Windspiel XI (GER) 6 mJI Fritz Kirsten Wilhelm von Hacht
1910 Kiel  Agnes II (SWE) 6 mJI C.O. Liljegren
1911 Göteborg  Windspiel XIV (GER) 6 mJI Fritz Kirsten Wilhelm von Hacht
1912 Kiel  Bunty (GBR) 6 mJI E.G. Martin G.U. Laws
1913 Cowes  Cremona (GBR) 6 mJI RTYC Morgan Giles
1920 Cowes  Cordella (GBR) 6.5m SI Morgan Giles
1921 Ryde  Cordella (GBR) 6.5m SI Morgan Giles
1922 Ryde  Cordella (GBR) 6.5m SI Morgan Giles Morgan Giles
1923 Ryde  Cordella (GBR) 6.5m SI Morgan Giles
1924 Ryde  Holland's Hope (NLD) 6 mJI G. de Vries
1925 Zuyderzee  Princes Juliana (NLD) 6 mJI G. de Vries
1926 Zuyderzee  Zenith (GBR) 6 mJI J. Lauriston William Fife
1927 Ryde  Petite Aile II (FRA) 6 mJI Virginie Hériot Pierre Arbaut
1928 Meulan  Yara III (FRA) 6 mJI M. Conill Joseph Guédon
1929 Deauville   Bissbi II (SWE) 6 mJI S. Salen Tore Holm
1930 Sandhamn  Bissbi II (SWE) 6 mJI S. Salen Tore Holm
1931 Sandhamn  Bissbi IV (SWE) 6 mJI Tore Holm Tore Holm
1932 Sandhamn  Abu (NOR) 6 mJI Magnus Konow Johan Anker
1933 Hanko  Varg V (NOR) 6 mJI Magnus Konow Bjarne Aas
1934 Hanko  White Lady (NOR) 6 mJI Magnus Konow Bjarne Aas
1935 Hanko  Ian III (SWE) 6 mJI B. Gedda Tore Holm
1936 Göteborg  Tidsfördrif (SWE) 6 mJI Tore Holm Tore Holm
1937 Marstrand  Tidsfördrif II (SWE) 6 mJI A. Schulz Tore Holm
1938 Göteborg  Norna VI (N65) (NOR) 6 mJI Olav V de Norvège ? Johan Anker
1939 Hanko  Noreg III (NOR) 6 mJI Rolf Svinndal Johan Anker
1946 Hanko  May Be VI (SWE) 6 mJI S. Salen Tore Holm
1947 Sandhamn  May Be VI (SWE) 6 mJI Claës-Henrik Nordenskiöld Tore Holm
1948 Marstrand  May Be VI (SWE) 6 mJI S. Salen Tore Holm
1949 Sandhamn  Trickson VI (SWE) 6 mJI A. Laurin A. Laurin
1950 Sandhamn  May Be VI (SWE) 6 mJI S. Salen Tore Holm
1951  Llanoria VI (USA) 6 mJI Eric Ridder, Herman Whiton Sparkman & Stephens
1953 Newport  Ylliam VIII (SWE) 6 mJI Louis Noverraz B. Aas
1954 Genève  Ylliam IX (CHE) 6 mJI Louis Noverraz Sparkman & Stephens
1955 Stockholm  Ylliam IX (CHE) 6 mJI Louis Noverraz Sparkman & Stephens
1956 Cannes  Ylliam IX (CHE) 6 mJI Louis Noverraz Sparkman & Stephens
1957 Hanko  Llanoria (NOR) 6 mJI Magnus Konow Sparkman & Stephens
1958 Le Havre  Royal Thames (GBR) 6 mJI R.S.G. Perry David Boyd
1959 Poole  May Be VIII (SWE) 6 mJI Claës-Henrik Nordenskiöld Tore Holm
1960 Göteborg  Elghi III (FRA) 6 mJI Robert Meunier du Houssoy Tore Holm
1961 Cannes  Elghi III (FRA) 6 mJI robert Meunier du Houssoy Tore Holm
1962 Palma (Majorca)  Elghi III' (FRA) 6 mJI Robert Meunier du Houssoy Tore Holm
1965 Le Havre  Diana III (DEN) 22 ft. RORC Rating Hans Albrecht Sparkman & Stephens
1966 Copenhagen  Tina (USA) 22 ft. RORC Rating Dick Carter Dick Carter
1967 Le Havre  Optimist (FRG) 22 ft. RORC Rating Hans Beilken Dick Carter
1968 Heligoland  Optimist (FRG) 22 ft. RORC Rating Hans Beilken Dick Carter
1969 Heligoland  Rainbow II (NZL) 22 ft. RORC Rating Chris Bouzaid Sparkman & Stephens
1971 Auckland  Stormy Petrel (AUS) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Syd Fischer Sparkman & Stephens
1972 Sydney  Wai Aniwa (NZL) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Chris Bouzaid Dick Carter
1973 Porto Cervo  Ydra (ITA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Agostino Straulino Dick Carter
1974 Torquay  Gumboots (GBR) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Jeremy Rogers Doug Peterson
1975 Newport  Pied Piper (USA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Jennings Doug Peterson
1976 Marseille  Resolute Salmon (USA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini Britton Chance, Jr.
1977 Auckland  Red Lion (NZL) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Stuart Brentnall Bruce Farr
1978 Flensburg  Tilsalg (FRG) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Klaus Lange Ron Holland
1979 Newport  Pendragon (USA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating John MacLaurin Laurie Davidson
1980 Naples  Filo da Torcere (ITA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Enrico Isenburg, Stefano Roberti Studio Andrea Vallicelli & C.
1981 Crosshaven  Justine III (IRL) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Harold Cudmore Tony Castro
1982 Brighton cancelled
1983 Rio de Janeiro  Linda (ITA) 27,5 ft. IOR Rating Mauro Pelaschier Sciomachen
1984 La Trinité-sur-Mer  Passion (FRA) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Philippe Briand Philippe Briand
1985 Poole  Jade (GBR) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Rodney Pattisson Rob Humphreys
1986 Palma de Majorca  Andelsbanken (DEN) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Henrik Søderlund Niels Jeppesen
1987 Kiel  Fram X (NOR) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating King Harald V of Norway Bruce Farr
1988 San Francisco  Propaganda (NZL) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Richard Dodson Bruce Farr
1989 Naples  Brava (ITA) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Francesco de Angelis, Paul Cayard Bruce Farr
1990 Marstrand - Sweden  Okyalos (DNK) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Henrik Søderlund Niels Jeppesen
1991 Nieuwpoort  Vibes (USA) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating David H. Clarke Bruce Farr
1992 Skovshoved  Brava Q8 (ITA) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Francesco de Angelis Bruce Farr
1993 Cagliari  Pinta (GER) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Willi Illbruck, Russell Coutts Judel-Vrolijk
1994 Marseille  Pinta (GER) 30,5 ft. IOR Rating Willi Illbruck, John Kostecki Judel-Vrolijk
1999 Puerto Portals  K Yote (FRA) IC 45 Ortwin Kandler, Bertrand Pacé Bruce Farr
2000 Marseille  Cavale Bleu (FRA) IC 45 Michel Duquenne, Thierry Peponnet Bruce Farr
2001 Pwhelli  Atalanti (GRE) IC 45 Georges Andreadis Bruce Farr
2002 Saint-Tropez  Faster K-Yote (FRA) IC 45 Dawn Riley, Alain Fedensieu Bruce Farr
2016 Cowes - UK  Girls on Film (GBR) Fast 40+ Peter Morton Shawn Carkeek

See also[edit]