One-shot film

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A one-shot or continuous shot feature film is a full-length movie filmed in one long take by a single camera, or manufactured to give the impression it was.[1]

Use and theory[edit]

In a 2019 article, discussing the award-winning film 1917 (2019), Eric Grode of The New York Times wrote that very long takes were becoming popular in more mainstream films "as a sobering reminder of temporality, a virtuosic calling card, a self-issued challenge or all of the above", also citing the Academy Award-winner from several years prior, Birdman (2014).[2]

History[edit]

Grode notes that before such films as 1917 and Birdman, the one-shot had a history of over 70 years, from 1948's Rope, which was shot in 10-minute continuous takes (the physical limit of film at the time) that appear as a one-shot. Reportedly, James Stewart, star of Rope, did not like the long takes and apparently muttered on set that the cameras were more important than the actors.[2] The director, Alfred Hitchcock, intended to shoot the film as if it were a play, and perfectly timed each 10-minute segment to allow for hidden edits behind furniture; elaborate camera and actor choreography was used. He wrote Rope this way because he felt "if time passed between cuts, the suspense of whether the body was still in the trunk would be lost".[3]

Grode also examines the 1958 film Touch of Evil as an example, though only its 3-minute opening sequence is shot in real time. However, the use of a real time ticking bomb through the single shot is seen as a standard.[2]

Examples[edit]

Actual "one shot"[edit]

Year Title Length Director Nationality Ref.
1964 Empire 485 min. Andy Warhol United States
1974 Model 105 min. Kostas Sfikas Greece
1976 C'était un rendez-vous 8 min. Claude Lelouch France
1982 Macbeth 57 min. (longest shot)† Béla Tarr Hungary [4]
1998 Big Monday 74 min. Michael Rehfield United States [5]
2000 Timecode 97 min. Mike Figgis [6]
2002 Russian Ark 96 min. Alexander Sokurov Russia [7]
2003 Sábado, una película en tiempo real 65 min. Matías Bize Chile
2005 The Magicians 96 min. Song Il-gon South Korea
The Circle 103 min. Yuri Zeltser France
2007 PVC-1 85 min. Spiros Stathoulopoulos Colombia [8]
2008 Still Orangutans' 81 min. Gustavo Spolidero Brazil [9]
2011 21 Brothers 96 min. Michael McGuire Canada
2013 Rati Chakravyuh 102 min. Ashish Avikunthak India [10]
Fish & Cat 134 min. Shahram Mokri Iran [11]
El triste olor de la carne 87 min. Cristóbal Arteaga Spain [12]
Ana Arabia 85 min. Amos Gitai Israel [13]
2013 Somebody Marry Me 98 min. John Asher United States [14]
Daikuko Mitani Koki Japan [15]
2014 Agadam 123 min. Mohamad Issack India [16]
2015 Victoria 140 min. Sebastian Schipper Germany [17]
Anino sa likod ng buwan 120 min. Jun Lana Philippines [18]
Daksha 142 min. S. Narayan India [19]
2016 Eight 81 min. Peter Blackburn Australia [20]
Immortality 145 min. Mahdi Fard Ghaderi Iran
King Dave 99 min. Podz Canada [21]
2017 Fourplay 77 min. Dean Ronalds United States [22]
The Wedding Party 119 min. Thane Economou [23]
Lost in London 100 min. Woody Harrelson
One Shot-Fear Without Cut 140 min. Haroon Rashid India [24]
Invasion 90 min. Shahram Mokri Iran
Watch The Sunset 83 min. Tristan Barr & Michael Gosden Australia [25]
2018 A Boy. A Girl. A Dream: Love on Election Night 89 min. Qasim Basir United States [26]
Utøya: July 22 90 min. Erik Poppe Norway [27]
Blind Spot 98 min. Tuva Novotny [28]
Tatort: Die Musik stirbt zuletzt 87 min. (Swiss German version) Dani Levy Switzerland [29]
88 min. (Standard German version) [30]
2019 Re/cycle 1 min. Rene Smaal The Netherlands
2020 Limbo 89 min. Tim Dünschede Germany [31]
Autumn (The Third Day) 720 min. (TV episode) Felix Barrett United Kingdom

†One five minute shot and the film's opening credits precede the film's 57 minute main shot.

Edited to appear as "one shot"[edit]

Year Title Length Director Nationality Ref.
1948 Rope 80 min. Alfred Hitchcock United Kingdom / United States
1991 Homework 85 min. Jaime Humberto Hermosillo Mexico
1997 Running Time 70 min. Josh Becker United States
2002 Irréversible 97 min. Gaspar Noé France
2009 Enter the Void 161 min.
2010 La Casa Muda 86 min. Gustavo Hernández Uruguay
2011 Silent House 87 min. Chris Kentis, Laura Lau United States
2014 Birdman 119 min. Alejandro G. Iñárritu
2015 Hardcore Henry 96 min. Ilya Naishuller Russia / United States [32]
2017 "eps3.4 runtime-error.r00" (Mr. Robot) 43 min. (TV episode) Sam Esmail United States [33]
Bushwick 94 min. Cary Murnion, Jonathan Milott
2018 "Two Storms" (The Haunting of Hill House ep. 1.6) 57 min. (TV episode) Mike Flanagan [34][35]
2019 1917 118 min. Sam Mendes United Kingdom
2020 Let's Scare Julie 83 min. Jud Cremata United States [36]

Works other than film[edit]

Year Title Notes Ref.
2016 Tony Hinchcliffe: One Shot Comedy Special [37]
2017 Hellblade: Senua's Sacrifice Action-adventure game [38]
2018 God of War [39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Best one shot (one-take) movies". FEENTA. 2016-09-25. Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  2. ^ a b c Grode, Eric (December 25, 2019). "'1917' Isn't the First (Supposedly) One-Shot Film. Here's a Timeline". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  3. ^ "'1917' and 12 Other 'One-Shot' Movies, From 'Timecode' to 'Birdman' (Photos)". TheWrap. 2019-12-23. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  4. ^ "Bela Tarr: Macbeth (1982)". Can't Stop the Movies. 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
  5. ^ Smith, Clay (1999-03-19). "Reflections". The Austin Chronicle. Austin. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  6. ^ Williams, Richard (2000-08-11). "Once upon a Time Code". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  7. ^ Ward, Caleb (2014-04-22). "Behind the Scenes of the 96 Minute Shot, The Russian Ark". The Beat. PremiumBeat. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  8. ^ Beale, Lewis (2008-07-15). "A movie shot in real time recalls Colombian nightmare". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  9. ^ Lowe, Justin (2008-11-12). "Still Orangutans". The Hollywood Reporter. AP. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  10. ^ Sorabjee, Deepika (2014-07-06). "Circling Time". ArtSlant. Retrieved 2015-10-07.
  11. ^ Simon, Alissa (2013-09-17). "Venice Film Review: 'Fish & Cat'". Variety. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  12. ^ Dalton, Stephen (2013-07-10). "The Sad Smell of Flesh (El Triste Olor de la Carne): Karlovy Vary Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  13. ^ Lyttelton, Oliver (2013-09-09). "Venice Review: Amos Gitai's Shot-In-One-Take 'Ana Arabia'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  14. ^ "Malibu local completes film". The Malibu Times. 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
  15. ^ "Mitani Koki to film another single-cut drama starring Takeuchi Yuko". Tokyo Hive. 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  16. ^ Jeshi, K. (2014-01-02). "A record start". The Hindu. Retrieved 2015-10-20. JESHI, K. (2014-01-02). "A record start". The Hindu.
  17. ^ Kohn, Eric (2015-02-16). "Adopt Films Picks Up One-Shot Heist Thriller 'Victoria'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  18. ^ "Shadow Behind the Moon". Five Flavours Film Festival. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
  19. ^ "Duniya Vijay's 'Daksha' with S.Narayan". Sify Movies. 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  20. ^ Barry, Kristina (2014-03-28). "One shot wonders - how feature film Eight was made". The Creative Issue. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  21. ^ Kelly, Brendan (2016-07-11). "Podz's King Dave: One-shot film premières at Fantasia". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
  22. ^ Scheck, Frank (2018-04-01). "'Fourplay': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  23. ^ Chitwood, Adam (2017-05-16). "'The Wedding Party' Trailer Reveals Romantic Comedy Shot Entirely in One Take". Collider. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  24. ^ Shukla, Richa (2017-01-02). "Haroon Rashid's film in Guinness World Records". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  25. ^ Cunningham, James (2017-03-01). "Australia's first single-take feature film, 'Watch the Sunset', with it's [sic] cinematographer Damien Lipp". Australian Cinematographer Magazine. Australian Cinematographers Society. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  26. ^ Buder, Emily (2018-01-24). "How a Sundance Film Pulled Off a 90-Minute Single Take". No Film School. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  27. ^ Connolly, Kate (2018-02-19). "Utøya massacre re-enactment stuns Berlin audiences". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  28. ^ Lodge, Guy (2018-10-03). "Film Review: 'Blind Spot'". Variety. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
  29. ^ Brachmann, Jan (2018-08-05). "Luzern hören und sterben". Frankfurter Allgemeine. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  30. ^ comparison between the Swiss and Standard German versions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRcsqnJeQZw
  31. ^ Ortmann, Joana (2020-02-20). "Das ist das One-Shot-Experiment von fünf HFF-Absolventen". Bayerischer Rundfunk. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  32. ^ Bishop, Bryan (March 16, 2016). "The making of Hardcore Henry, the craziest first-person action movie you'll ever see". The Verge.
  33. ^ O'Keeffe, Jack (2017-11-09). "Was That 'Mr. Robot' Episode Really Shot In One Take? "eps3.4_runtime-err0r.r00" Is The Most Ambitious Hour Of The Series So Far". Bustle. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  34. ^ Evangelista, Chris (October 23, 2018). "Here's How 'The Haunting of Hill House' Episode 6 Was Made". /Film.
  35. ^ Stack, Tim (October 23, 2018). "The Haunting of Hill House creator Mike Flanagan on hidden clues, major scares, and a season 2". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation.
  36. ^ Seekers2020-05-07T11:41:00+01:00, Film. "How Jud Cremata pulled off a one-shot thriller with 'Let's Scare Julie'". Screen. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  37. ^ Tony Hinchcliffe: One Shot, retrieved 2019-12-18
  38. ^ July 2017, Ben Tyrer 13. "How Ninja Theory's Hellblade: Senua's Sacrifice is creating a realistic portrayal of psychosis". Official PlayStation Magazine. Retrieved 2020-07-09.
  39. ^ Bratt, Chris (21 June 2017). "God of War director explains why entire game has no camera cuts". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 13 April 2018.