Oneida County, Wisconsin

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Oneida County
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oneida County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°42′N 89°31′W / 45.7°N 89.52°W / 45.7; -89.52
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1887
Named forOneida people
SeatRhinelander
Largest cityRhinelander
Area
 • Total1,236 sq mi (3,200 km2)
 • Land1,113 sq mi (2,880 km2)
 • Water123 sq mi (320 km2)  10%
Population
 • Total37,845
 • Density34/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.oneida.wi.gov

Oneida County is a county in the state of Wisconsin, United States. At the 2020 census, the population was 37,845.[1] Its county seat is Rhinelander.[2]

History[edit]

Oneida County was formed in 1887 from sections of Lincoln County.[3] It was named after the indigenous Oneida tribe, one of the five nations of the Iroquois.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2) are land and 123 square miles (320 km2) (10%) are covered by water.[4] Most people visit Oneida County to enjoy its lakes. In particular, tourists flock to Minocqua, a town of nearly 5,000 people with a summer population around 15,000.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Buses[edit]

Airports[edit]

Oneida County is served by two public-use airports:

Dolhun Field Airport is also located in the county, but it is for private use by the members of the Dolhun Field Airpark Owners Association.

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18905,010
19008,87577.1%
191011,43328.8%
192013,99622.4%
193015,89913.6%
194018,93819.1%
195020,6489.0%
196022,1127.1%
197024,42710.5%
198031,21627.8%
199031,6791.5%
200036,77616.1%
201035,998−2.1%
202037,8455.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9] 2020[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oneida County

2020 census[edit]

As of the census of 2020,[1] the population was 37,845. The population density was 34.0 inhabitants per square mile (13.1/km2). There were 30,465 housing units at an average density of 27.3 per square mile (10.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% White, 1.2% Native American, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Ethnically, the population was 1.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census[edit]

At the census[10] of 2000, 36,776 people, 15,333 households, and 10,487 families resided in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). The 26,627 housing units averaged 24 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. About 0.66% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. The ancestry of the population was around 44.4% was of German, 8.8% Polish, 7.9% Irish, 5.2% Norwegian, and 5.2% English.

Of the 15,333 households, 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were not families. About 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was distributed as 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

In 2017, there were 324 births, giving a general fertility rate of 66.2 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 24th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[11]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Oneida County sign on U.S. Route 45

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns/neighborhoods[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Oneida County, Wisconsin[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,671 56.59% 10,105 41.83% 383 1.59%
2016 12,132 56.35% 8,109 37.66% 1,290 5.99%
2012 10,917 50.42% 10,452 48.27% 283 1.31%
2008 9,630 43.92% 11,907 54.30% 390 1.78%
2004 11,351 51.50% 10,464 47.48% 224 1.02%
2000 9,512 50.35% 8,339 44.14% 1,040 5.51%
1996 6,339 37.47% 7,619 45.04% 2,959 17.49%
1992 6,725 35.94% 7,160 38.26% 4,829 25.80%
1988 8,130 51.88% 7,414 47.31% 126 0.80%
1984 9,787 59.79% 6,417 39.20% 165 1.01%
1980 8,602 51.19% 7,008 41.70% 1,195 7.11%
1976 7,347 49.26% 7,216 48.38% 353 2.37%
1972 6,811 58.83% 4,262 36.81% 504 4.35%
1968 5,077 48.55% 4,435 42.41% 946 9.05%
1964 3,909 37.75% 6,431 62.11% 15 0.14%
1960 5,676 53.22% 4,974 46.63% 16 0.15%
1956 6,261 64.89% 3,328 34.49% 59 0.61%
1952 6,224 61.86% 3,808 37.85% 30 0.30%
1948 3,729 46.53% 4,081 50.92% 205 2.56%
1944 3,253 44.06% 4,076 55.21% 54 0.73%
1940 3,694 40.39% 5,375 58.77% 77 0.84%
1936 2,294 28.48% 5,208 64.65% 554 6.88%
1932 1,992 28.82% 4,542 65.70% 379 5.48%
1928 3,100 54.32% 2,504 43.88% 103 1.80%
1924 1,769 33.07% 324 6.06% 3,257 60.88%
1920 2,424 64.93% 833 22.31% 476 12.75%
1916 1,089 45.19% 1,054 43.73% 267 11.08%
1912 774 36.56% 717 33.87% 626 29.57%
1908 1,536 58.92% 688 26.39% 383 14.69%
1904 1,710 75.50% 375 16.56% 180 7.95%
1900 1,802 70.34% 708 27.63% 52 2.03%
1896 1,453 70.64% 563 27.37% 41 1.99%
1892 1,149 45.20% 1,317 51.81% 76 2.99%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2020 Decennial Census: Oneida County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Archived from the original on April 14, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 9, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°42′N 89°31′W / 45.70°N 89.52°W / 45.70; -89.52