Onekaka is a rural district on the coast of Golden Bay, between Takaka and Collingwood, near the northwestern extremity of the South Island of New Zealand. It has a population of around 250. State Highway 60 runs through the district. Dairy farming is a major activity, occupying a large proportion of the land area. A significant number of artists and craftspeople live in the area. The Onekaka Hall Recreation Reserve is on the state highway opposite the Onekaka Iron Works Road and contains a community hall, stage and tennis court. The Mussel Inn hotel is a short distance along the highway.
A large ironworks was in operation in Onekaka by 1924, with a tramline that connected it to a wharf. It produced pig iron and pipes from limonite, which was mined there, and the operation employed up to 150 men. A small hydroelectric plant was built in 1929 to provide electricity for the pipe manufacturing. The works could not compete with iron produced overseas and closed in 1935. From 1937 to 1944, the hydroelectric plant produced power for Golden Bay. The plant was restarted by hydro enthusiasts in 2003 and produces 3.5 gigawatt-hours annually for the national grid. A remnant of the wharf and tramline remains on Washbourn Road and is a listed historic place. The wharf was a recurring theme in the art of prominent New Zealand painter Doris Lusk.
- "Onekaka". Tasman District Council. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Onekaka Hall Recreation Reserve". Places New Zealand. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Onekakā Ironworks". Engineering New Zealand. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Onekaka Wharf and Remnant of Tramline". Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
Onekaka travel guide from Wikivoyage
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