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Future Motion Inc.
TypePrivately held
IndustryElectronic transport
FounderKyle Doerksen
Santa Cruz, California
United States
ProductsElectric skateboards
Number of employees

Onewheel is a self-balancing single wheel electric board-sport, recreational personal transporter, often described as an electric skateboard. Unlike the electric unicycle, the rider's feet (and body) are typically pointed at a perpendicular angle to the wheel and direction of travel.[1][2][3][4]

Onewheel Electric Boardsport


The first device similar to a Onewheel was invented by Ben Smither in 2007.[5] Future Motion Inc. founder and CEO Kyle Doerksen created a commercial version of the concept several years later.[6][7] Doerksen holds two engineering degrees from Stanford University, including a master's degree in mechanical engineering.[6] In 2013, he left his job at IDEO and started Future Motion Inc. in Santa Cruz.[8] He launched Onewheel on Kickstarter on January 6, 2014; the Kickstarter exceeded its campaign goal of $100,000 and reached over $630,000 by January 27, 2014.[9][8] The original Onewheel was released in 2015.[10] It was followed by the Onewheel+ in 2017,[10] the Onewheel+ XR in 2018,[10] and the Onewheel Pint in 2019.[11]In late 2021 Onewheel announced the latest release of onwheels, the Onewheel GT and Pint x. GT being the “Flagship” model and the Pint x being the exceeder of the original pint released in 2019, the Pint x will now have 12-18 miles of range and a top speed of 18 mph with the original Pint only having 6-8 miles of range and a top speed of 16 mph.

Future Motion Inc. was first headquartered in Mountain View, California. In 2015 the firm moved its headquarters to Santa Cruz, California and operated out of the Old Wrigley Building. The Onewheel is manufactured in Santa Cruz at a 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2) facility within the city limits; Future Motion Inc. moved there in 2018.[6]

In 2015, Onewheel held the first Race for the Rail event. During the event riders race each other on mountain bike trails, competing for a cash prize. In 2020, the event was held at an undisclosed Utah ski resort in order to keep spectator numbers down during the coronavirus pandemic. The finals were live streamed on YouTube.[12]

In 2022 the race was i Reno Nevada where the riders had to descended hills of on Sky Tavern Resort to compete in a boardercross-style race. Racheal Cecil and Kyle Hanson was crowned to they 2022 champions. [13]

Onewheel Models[edit]


The original model, Onewheel, had a range of 4–6 mi (6.5–9.5 km) and a top speed of 13 mph (20 km/h). It was shown at the Consumer Electronics Show on January 6, 2014; it has since been discontinued.[14]


The subsequent version, Onewheel+, introduced in January, 2017, had an improved range of 5–7 mi (8–11.5 km) and top speed of 19 mph (30 km/h).[15][16] It was discontinued in favor of the Onewheel+ XR.

Onewheel+ XR[edit]

A Onewheel XR with optional fender and decorative stickers on a college running track.

The Onewheel+ XR was introduced in 2018 with a range of 12–18 mi (20–30 km) and top speed of 19 mph (30 km/h).[17][16] In 2021, the Onewheel+ XR was discontinued in favor of the Onewheel GT, and was on sale at a $300 discount until the remaining XR inventory sold out on December 13, 2021. Or so we thought. In late summer of 2022, the onewheel+ XR was put on sale again on the Onewheel website for a brief amount of time due to extra inventory. [18] It is a favorite in the community of riders due to its range, speed, durability, and ability to be modded.


Onewheel Pint with a range of 6–8 mi (9.5–13 km) and top speed of 16 mph (25 km/h); The Pint includes an LED light display that indicates battery status and a handle for ease of carrying.[19] It is still in production as of 2022. This smaller platform has a lower max weight recommendation of 250lbs (113kgs)[20]

Pint X[edit]

In October 2021, Onewheel announced 2 new models, the Onewheel GT,[21] and the Onewheel Pint X.[22] The Pint X has a top speed of 18 mph (30 km/h), slightly faster than the Pint; and a range of 12–18 mi (19.5–29 km). It is slightly slower and has more notable pushback than an XR, but a similar range.


The Onewheel GT,[23] introduced in October 2021, has a top speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) - slightly faster than the XR - and a range of 20–32 mi (32–51.5 km). It uses a 6.5" diameter hub, rather than a 6" hub as previous models did, preventing standard go-kart tires from being used.

Onewheel GT with black bumpers, carbon fiber fender and 'murdered out' themed rail guards.
Onewheel GT with optional Carbon Fiber Fender & 'Murdered Out' themed Rail Guards.

The launch of the GT has been criticized because of boards that were dead on arrival or boards that exhibited "ghosting," whereby the board would rapidly accelerate without a rider on it.[24]


Onewheel's single wheel contains a brushless electric motor that spins to propel riders forwards or backwards making constant small adjustments to keep riders balanced.[25] To use the board, riders place their feet on either side of the wheel. A rider's front foot goes on top of a pressure-sensitive pad that detects when a rider is on the board; there is also a back footpad.[25][26] To direct the board, riders lean slightly in the direction they want to travel.[25] To stop, riders lift their heel off the side of the front footpad.[27][28] If using the Onewheel Pint, riders can use the optional dismount system, Simplestop,[29] by leaning back to make the board stop slowly and disengage, allowing riders to step off. The safety feature can be turned off in the Android/iOS app.[30] The new board, Onewheel GT, will come with the new Digital Shaping 3.0 include the Simplestop feature from the Pint and Pint X.[31]

Each Onewheel has three internal accelerometers and gyroscopes that continuously measure the orientation of the board in space.[25] These monitors take readings approximately 14,000 times per second in order to tell the motor what to do to help riders balance and move.[25]

All of the models use 'Pushback' to warn the rider that they are about to reach the maximum safe speed.[29] Pushback gently forces the nose of the Onewheel up when riders approach unsafe speeds, alerting riders that they need to slow down.[32][29]

Riders are able to choose to use an app that displays battery charge and miles traveled, and regulates different modes for the rider.[25] The app also allows riders to control other board functions to personalize how the board responds to their riding style.[25][28]

Terrain Ability[edit]

One major advantage of Onewheels in comparison to e-skateboards is their ability to ride over a variety of terrain. "Onewheels are equipped with a go-kart sized tire allowing for off-road and all-terrain use."[33] Trail riding has popularized the Onewheel sport and has created competitions such as Race for the Rails which is a Future Motion sanctioned race that is based on trail riding.


Right to repair[edit]

The company that manufactures Onewheels, Future Motion, has faced considerable criticism in its hostility towards third party modifications and the inability to repair the board outside of their one repair center in California. The lack of cooperation to license various other shops to do repairs has made repairing a Onewheel or getting a tire replacement without voiding its warranty a difficulty involving expensive shipping costs which can be prohibitive. Louis Rossmann, a right to repair YouTuber and lobbyist, has made several videos on Future Motion's practices.[34]

GT issues[edit]

Future Motion has also received criticism for its response to the Onewheel GT "ghosting" issues,[35] whereby the board launches itself without any input from the user. On August 11th, 2022, Future Motion announced a voluntary recall of approximately 20,500 Onewheel GT front footpads to address the issue.[36]

Consumer Production Safety Commission warning[edit]

On November 16th, 2022, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued a warning stating consumers should cease operation of all Onewheel units sold from 2014, citing safety concerns that may cause the rider to be ejected from the product. Future Motion objected to the release of CPSC's statement, and stated that Onewheel products are safe when operated following basic safe riding principles common to any board sport, including wearing a helmet and other safety gear.[37]

Future Motion has started a petition to try and change CPSC's statement.[38] Over 5000 letters have come in from users all over the world about their positive experience of riding Onewheels.

Third party modifications[edit]

A Future Motion Onewheel GT with Jewel Grey Rail Guards and the Full Flight Systems by Flight Fins. Flight Fins allow the riders feet to more easily remain on the footpads by adding a soft lip above the foot.

There is a community of creators of third-party modifications for Onewheels, including larger battery packs, auxiliary wheels ("fangs"), protective plates ("bumpers"), third-party grip tape, and more.[39]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Test driving the Onewheel+ XR on the streets of New York". CNET. 2018-09-14. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  2. ^ Newcomb, Tim (6 January 2016). "Tech Talk: Onewheel offers every board rider a whole new on-land sport". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  3. ^ Tweedie, Steven (9 April 2015). "I rode the one-wheeled skateboard of the future around New York City — and people kept stopping me to ask where to get one". Business Insider. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  4. ^ George, Alexander (10 April 2015). "This is What it's Like to Ride a One-Wheeled Skateboard". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  5. ^ "First onewheel".
  6. ^ a b c Gumz, Jondi (October 30, 2018). "Startup Onewheel embarks on expansion". Santa Cruz Sentinel. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  7. ^ "Seriously, It's Time to Lean Into Monowheels". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  8. ^ a b Yakowicz, Will (2015-10-27). "The Next Best Thing to a Real-Life Hoverboard". Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  9. ^ "Onewheel :: The Self-Balancing Electric Skateboard". Kickstarter. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  10. ^ a b c "Onewheel Pint hands-on review". Retrieved 2021-04-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "The Smaller, Lighter Onewheel Pint Does It late 2021 Onewheel announced the Onewheel GT and Onewheel Pint X." HYPEBEAST. 2019-03-18. Retrieved 2021-04-22.
  12. ^ Newcomb, Tim (2020-08-07). "Secret Race Will Crown World's Best Onewheel Rider". GearJunkie. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  13. ^ "2022 CHAMPS". Onewheel Racing. Retrieved 2022-12-02.
  14. ^ "Onewheel_Owners_User_Manual_v1.0 " (PDF). p. 41. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  15. ^ "Onewheel_UserManual_v2.3" (PDF). p. 55. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Onewheel Website". Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Onewheel_UserManual_v2.3" (PDF). p. 54. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  18. ^ Roberson, Bill. "To Honor A Friend Felled By Cancer, This Guy Rode A Onewheel 2,900 Miles Across Canada". Forbes. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  19. ^ "The Coolest Ways to Get Around Town This Summer". UrbanDaddy. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  20. ^ Stapleton, David. "Onewheel Weight Limit: V1, Plus, XR, Pint, Pint X, GT".
  21. ^ "Onewheel GT". Onewheel // Future Motion. Retrieved 2021-10-28.
  22. ^ "Onewheel Pint X". Onewheel // Future Motion. Retrieved 2021-10-28.
  23. ^ "Onewheel GT". Onewheel // Future Motion. Retrieved 2021-10-28.
  24. ^ "Onewheel GT CONTINUES to ghost & injure people, with no safety recall. Do they care about safety?".
  25. ^ a b c d e f g "How this one-wheeled skateboard lets riders cruise without crashing". Popular Science. 2019-05-08. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  26. ^ Roberson, Bill. "The Onewheel Pint Is The Fun Machine From The Future You Need To Experience". Forbes. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  27. ^ "Onewheel's Pint Offers a Cheaper Thrill". Wired. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  28. ^ a b "This Insane Motorized Board Is Dangerously Fun". Wired. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  29. ^ a b c "Simplestop on a Onewheel [How-to]". Trailwheel. Retrieved 31 October 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. ^ Etienne, Stefan (2019-03-12). "Onewheel's Pint is a new and more portable electric rideable for novice riders, costs $950". The Verge. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  31. ^ "Onewheel GT (Information, Specs) - Fallman.Tech". 2021-11-06. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  32. ^ "Onewheeling: Like floating on air, only better". 2018-06-19. Retrieved 2021-05-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. ^ "Onewheel Terrain List – What Can You Ride on a Onewheel".
  34. ^ "Why the company behind OneWheel sucks in 5 minutes or less".
  35. ^ "Onewheel GT CONTINUES to ghost & injure people, with no safety recall. Do they care about safety?".
  36. ^ "Future Motion Recalls Footpads for Onewheel GT Electric Skateboards Due to Bystander Injury Hazard".
  37. ^ "CPSC Warns Consumers to Stop Using Onewheel Self-Balancing Electric Skateboards Due to Ejection Hazard".
  38. ^ "#LetUsRide Survey". Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  39. ^ "List of Onewheel accessories (Shops in Europe & USA) (2022) - FallmanTech". 2021-05-09. Retrieved 2022-11-27.

Further reading[edit]