List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Ongoing armed conflicts in January 2020.

  Major wars, 10,000 or more battle related deaths in current or past year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 battle related deaths in current or past year
  Less intense conflicts, 100–999 battle related deaths in current or past year

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

List guidelines[edit]

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are:

  • Armed conflicts consists in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died)—the actual toll could be higher.
  • Location refers to the state(s) where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systemic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 3 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Battle deaths in 2018 Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia  Afghanistan 227,510 [2018][3]–2,000,000 (2014)[4] 26,888[3] 41,735[5] 2,698[5]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
26,230 [2018][6]–83,700[7][8] 4,819 [2018][6] 20,882[a][5] 116
2011 Syrian civil war

Asia

 Syria 586,100[9] 19,794[10] 11,215[11][12] 3,480[13][14][15]

Wars (1,000–9,999 battle related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 6 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.[2]
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[16]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
2006 Mexican Drug War North America  Mexico 25,738 dead in battles[17] (115,000 homicides[18]) 4,903 combat related deaths 2018[17] (35,588 homicides in 2019)[19][20][21] 141[22][23]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
 Syria
45,000+[n 1] 1,420[28][29] 12[30]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
500,000[31] 2,637[5][b]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Africa  Algeria
 Burkina Faso
 Chad
 Libya
 Mali
 Mauritania
 Morocco
 Niger
 Tunisia
16,873 4,000+[32] 745+ [n 2]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia  Iraq 650,000-2,400,000[72][dubious ] 2,362<[citation needed]
2014 Libyan Crisis Africa  Libya 29,859–42,253[n 3] 2,200+[77][78][79] 156[80][81][82][83][84]

Minor conflicts (100–999 battle related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 17 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100 and fewer than 1,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1947 Kashmir conflict (Indo-Pakistani Wars) Asia  India
 Pakistan
45,000–130,000+[85][c][91] 288[n 5][d] 29[n 6][e]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 7] 208[100][f] 18[100]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 7053[101] 163[102][103]
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia
 Venezuela
 Ecuador
220,000[104] 281[n 8][n 9][g]
1965 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Palestine
 Israel
25,000[169] 159[170]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 12,877–14,369+[171][172] 302[173] 6[173]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Uganda
3,353+[n 10] 170+[n 11] 284[189][190][191][192][193][194][195][196][197][198][199][200]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 17,156[n 12] 152[204] 62[205][206]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 60,000+[207] 302+[n 13]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia  Pakistan 45,265+[n 14] 130[217][218] 20[217]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
51,567+[219][220] 300+[n 15] 419[234][235][236][237][238][239][240]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa  South Sudan 383,000–400,000[241][242] 519 128+[243][244][245][246]
2012 Northern Mali conflict Africa  Mali 3,300+[247] 734+[n 16]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa  Egypt 772+[73][251] 452+[n 17] 51[287][288][289][290][291][292]
2014 War in Donbass Europe  Ukraine 12,800–13,000[293] 119+[n 18] 39+
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa  Cameroon 3,000+[339] 385+[340] 198+[n 19]
2018 War in Catatumbo South America  Colombia
 Venezuela
893+ 462+[n 20]
2019 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis Asia  Iran  Iraq  Saudi Arabia 222 27 195

Skirmishes and clashes (Fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 19 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2019 Fatalities in 2020
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 206–345[citation needed] 1[379]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 13,100–35,000[n 21] 10[381][382]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 130,000[383]–210,000[384] 84[n 22]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 25,000+[383] 34[394] 3[394]
1963 West Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 150,000–400,000[n 23] 55[n 24][407]
1969 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000[408] 25 3[409][410]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia  Philippines 43,388+[411] 5
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[412] 12[413]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[414] 3[415]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Armenia
 Azerbaijan
27,287+[n 25] 5[n 26] 2[425][426]
1998 Dissident Irish Republican campaign Europe  United Kingdom 146 3[427][428]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America  Paraguay 70+ 1[429]
2006 Terrorism in Punjab Asia  Pakistan 2,531[430][431] 28[431] 1[431]
2007 Terrorism in Sindh Asia  Pakistan 7,615[432] 25[432] 3[432]
2009 Insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe  Russia 4,053–4,084[n 27] 31[n 28]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa  Egypt 5,000+[73] 77+[442]
2011 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon Asia  Lebanon 820+[citation needed] 5[443]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa  Central African Republic 8,000+[73] 59[444] 13[445][446]
2017 Islamist insurgency in Mozambique Africa  Mozambique 300+[n 29] 45+[459][460] 29[461][462]

Deaths by country[edit]

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country. Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 17 deadliest countries 2014 - 2019

2014[h] 2015[i] 2016[j] 2017[k] 2018[l] 2019[m]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Syria Negative increase76,021  Syria Positive decrease55,219  Syria Positive decrease49,742  Syria Positive decrease39,000  Afghanistan Negative increase35,941  Afghanistan Negative increase41,735
2  South Sudan Negative increase50,000[466]  Afghanistan Negative increase36,345  Mexico Negative increase23,953* [467]  Mexico Negative increase31,174*  Mexico Negative increase33,341*[468]  Mexico Negative increase35,588*
3  Mexico Positive decrease27,662* [469]  Iraq Negative increase24,113  Iraq Positive decrease23,898  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,065  Yemen Negative increase22,201  Yemen Positive decrease16,050
4  Iraq Negative increase24,000[72][470]  Mexico Positive decrease20,525*[471]  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,539  Iraq Positive decrease13,187  Syria Positive decrease19,799-23,000  Syria Positive decrease11,215
5  Afghanistan Negative increase14,638  Nigeria Positive decrease8,122  Somalia Negative increase5,575  Myanmar Negative increase6,700+  Iraq Positive decrease4,920  Saudi Arabia Negative increase4,832
6  Nigeria Negative increase11,360  Yemen Negative increase6,425  Nigeria Positive decrease4,684  Somalia Positive decrease4,969  Nigeria Negative increase4,850  Somalia Positive decrease2,604
7  Pakistan Positive decrease5,519[472][473]  Ukraine Positive decrease4,344  Sudan Negative increase3,891  South Sudan Positive decrease3,528  Somalia Positive decrease3,862  Libya Negative increase2,200+
8  Ukraine Negative increase4,771  Somalia Positive decrease4,087  South Sudan Negative increase3,544  Nigeria Positive decrease3,432  Saudi Arabia Negative increase3,509  Iraq Positive decrease1,850<
9  Somalia Negative increase4,447  Pakistan Positive decrease3,688[472][473]  Libya Negative increase2,865  Sudan Positive decrease2,450  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,757  Mali Positive decrease734+
10  Sudan Positive decrease3,892  South Sudan Positive decrease3,258  Turkey Negative increase2,013  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,857  Mali Negative increase1,285  Egypt Positive decrease529+
11  Central African Republic Negative increase3,347  Sudan Positive decrease3,216  Pakistan Positive decrease1,803[472][473]  Central African Republic Negative increase1,757  South Sudan Positive decrease1,166  South Sudan Positive decrease519
12  Libya Negative increase2,825  Egypt Negative increase2,836  Egypt Positive decrease1,707  Libya Positive decrease1,564  India Negative increase988[474]  India Positive decrease~403
13  Palestine Negative increase2,365  Libya Positive decrease2,706  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,565  Egypt Positive decrease1,506  Cameroon Negative increase945  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease302+
14  Yemen Negative increase1,500  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,699  Yemen Positive decrease1,375  Ethiopia Negative increase1,445  Ethiopia Positive decrease886  Colombia Positive decrease238
15  Cameroon Negative increase1,366  Cameroon Negative increase1,429  Ethiopia Negative increase1,114  Philippines Negative increase1,429  Central African Republic Positive decrease842  Cameroon Positive decrease234
16  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,235  Nigeria Negative increase986  India Negative increase905[475]  Yemen Positive decrease1,319  Pakistan Positive decrease736[476]  Pakistan Positive decrease206
17  Egypt Negative increase1,176  Myanmar Negative increase881  Ukraine Positive decrease902  Pakistan Positive decrease1,269[472][473]  Philippines Positive decrease471  Thailand Negative increase163

*) Mainly homicides rather than battle related casualties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 16,050 in Yemen, 4,832 in Saudi Arabia
  2. ^ 2,604 in Somalia and 33 in Kenya
  3. ^ 45,000-100,000 in Jammu and Kashmir.[n 4]
  4. ^ 283 in India, 5+ in Pakistan
  5. ^ 29 in India, 0 in Pakistan
  6. ^ 180 in Pakistan, +28 in Iran
  7. ^ 238 in Colombia, 16 in Venezuela, 1 in Ecuador
  8. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][463]
  9. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][464]
  10. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][464]
  11. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][175]
  12. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][465]
  13. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[73][465]
  1. ^ See [24][25][26][27]
  2. ^ See [33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71]
  3. ^ See [73][74][75][76]
  4. ^ See [86][87][88][89][90]
  5. ^ See [92][93][94]
  6. ^ See [92][93][94]
  7. ^ See [95][96][97][98][99]
  8. ^ See [105][106][107][108][109][110][111][112][113][114][115][116][117][118][119][120][121][122][123][124][125][126][127][128][129][130][131][132][133][134][135][136][137][138][139]
  9. ^ See [140][141][142][143][144][145][146][147][148][149][150][151][152][153][154][155][156][157][158][159][160][161][162][163][164][165][166][167][168]
  10. ^ See [73][174][175]
  11. ^ See [176][177][178][179][180][181][182][183][184][185][186][187][188]
  12. ^ See [201][73][202][203]
  13. ^ See [208][209][210]
  14. ^ See [211][212][213][214][215][216]
  15. ^ [221][222][223][224][225][226][227][228][229][230][231][232][233]
  16. ^ See [248][249][250]
  17. ^ [252][253][254][255][256][257][258][259][260][261][262][263][264][265][266][267][268][269][270][271][272][273][274][274][275][276][277][278][279][280][281][282][283][284][285][286]
  18. ^ See [294][295][296][297][298][299][300][301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309][310][311][312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323][324][325][326][327][328][329][330][331][332][333][334][335][336][337][338]
  19. ^ See [341][342][343][344]</ref>[345][346][347][348][349][350][351][352][353][354][355][356][357][358][359][360][361][362][363][364][365][366][367][368][369][370]
  20. ^ See [371][372][373][374][375][376][377][378]
  21. ^ See [380]
  22. ^ See [385][386][387][388][389][390][391][392][393]
  23. ^ See [395][396][397][398]
  24. ^ [399][400][401][402][403][404][405][406]
  25. ^ See [416][417][418][419][420]
  26. ^ See [421][422][423][424]
  27. ^ See [433][434][435]
  28. ^ See [436][437][438][439][440][441]
  29. ^ See [447][448][449][450][451][452][453][454][455][456][457][458]

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  472. ^ a b c d "Datasheet Pakistan 2007 to present". satp.org. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  473. ^ a b c d "Fatalities in Terrorist Violence in Pakistan 2000-2018| Terrorist Violence in Pakistan| Violence in Pakistan". www.satp.org. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  474. ^ SATP [26] Terrorism record - 937 killed in 2018. In fighting with Pakistan 51 Indians were killed, 26 Indian civilians [27] and 25 Indian soldiers.[28] In total 988 were killed in India due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.
  475. ^ "India 2005 to present". satp.org. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  476. ^ SATP [29] Terrorism record - 697 killed in 2018. In fighting with India 39 Pakistanis were killed, 30 Pakistani Civilians [30] and 9 Pakistani Soldiers were killed.[31][32][33][34][35] In total 736 were killed in Pakistan due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.

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