Ongole

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Ongole
ఒంగోలు
City
Ongole is located in Andhra Pradesh
Ongole
Ongole
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°30′22″N 80°02′56″E / 15.506°N 80.049°E / 15.506; 80.049Coordinates: 15°30′22″N 80°02′56″E / 15.506°N 80.049°E / 15.506; 80.049
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Prakasam
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 253,122
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 523001,523002
Telephone code +91–8592
Vehicle registration AP–27

Ongole is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Prakasam district. It is also the mandal headquarters of Ongole mandal in Ongole revenue division.[2] The city is the 13th most populous in the state. Ongole is known for its Ongole cattle, a breed of oxen.[3] This is one of the world's major zebu cattle breeds.

Etymology[edit]

Prakasam district was formerly called Ongole district and later, renamed to Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot and ex-chief minister Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu.

History[edit]

The town's history dates from 230 BCE with the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now present-day Andhra Pradesh. A few inscriptions dating to the Satavahana period have been found in the village China Ganjam, near Ongole. After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A.D. The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple complex in Ongole City was constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in early 17th century by King Vankayalapati mantri and Army Chief.

Geography[edit]

Ongole is located in the eastern portion of the Prakasam District. It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft) AMSL

Climate

  • Winter: December To February
  • Summer: March to June
  • South West Monsoons  – July to September
  • North East Monsoons  – October to November

Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.

Climate data for Ongole (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
32.4
(90.3)
34.6
(94.3)
36.6
(97.9)
39.7
(103.5)
38.3
(100.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.4
(93.92)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
24.65
(76.37)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.7
(0.736)
4.1
(0.161)
18.3
(0.72)
12.9
(0.508)
68.5
(2.697)
61.0
(2.402)
108.3
(4.264)
115.5
(4.547)
148.0
(5.827)
247.0
(9.724)
175.1
(6.894)
61.5
(2.421)
1,038.9
(40.901)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.4 3.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 8.8 5.8 4.8 48.7
Source: India Meteorological Department [4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 204,746. The population constitutes 102,835 males and 101,911 females&a sex ratio of 994 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[5] 19,744 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 10,228 are boys and 9,516 are girls&a ratio of 935 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.04% with 153,628 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[6][7]

Governance[edit]

Community Hall

Civic administration[edit]

Ongole Municipal Corporation is the civic body that oversees the needs of the city of Ongole. It was constituted as a municipality in the year 1876 and the present area of the corporation is 25.00 km2 (9.65 sq mi). The agglomerated villages that were merged into Ongole corporation are : Cheruvukommupalem,Throvagunta, Muktinuthalapadu, Dsarajupalli, Koppolu, Narasapuram Agraharam, Pellur, Pernamitta, Vengamukkapalem.[8] S.Venkata Krishna is the commissioner of the municipal corporation.[9]

Politics[edit]

Ongole is a part of Ongole (Assembly constituency), representing Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Damacharla Janardhana Rao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[10] The constituency is a part of Ongole (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Y.V.Subba Reddy of YSR Congress Party.[11][12]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the primary industry of Ongole, and the city is a major center for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh. Galaxy Granite polishing units provide huge employment source.

Export of oxen

The Ongole Bull

Ongole bulls are a breed of Oxen that are exported to many countries. The Brahman bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. Ongole Island, in Malaysia, holds many Ongole Oxen. The population of Ongole off-breed animals in Brazil is said to be around several millions. The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between the Gundlakamma and Musi Rivers.

Transport[edit]

Ongole railway station

Roadways[edit]

The city is connected by road to major destinations. National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city.[13] National Highway 216 connects the city with Kathipudi.[14] The city has a total road length of 738.50 km.[15] APSRTC operates buses from Ongole bus station.[16][17]

Railways[edit]

Ongole railway station is an A–category station located on the Howrah-Chennai main line and administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[18]

Airport[edit]

A new greenfield airport was approved for Ongole in February 2014.[19]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[20][21] Instruction in the schools is given in English and Telugu.

The Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) is a medical college in Ongole.[22] Some of the famous educational institutes include QIS College of Engineering and Technology,QIS Institute of Technology,[23] RISE Groups of Institutions,[24] Prakasam Engineering College,[25] and the Pace Institute of Technology & Science.[26]

Sports[edit]

Parade Ground

The PDCA-CSR Sarma College Ground is one of the home grounds of Andhra cricket team, with a first class cricket status and hosts Ranji Trophy matches.[27][28] The ground has recorded first ever triple century by a wicket keeper in Ranji Trophy, achieved by Srikar Bharat of Andhra cricket team.[29] The police parade grounds has hosted the first state-level Girl Football Tournament in October 2016.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "censusindia". Census of India. Retrieved 11 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Prakasam District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 157, 178. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Breeds of Livestock – Ongole Cattle". Ansi.okstate.edu. 16 July 2001. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Ongole Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "About Ongole". Ongole Municipal Corporation. 17 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Commissioner Profile". ongolemunicipalcorporation.org. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22, 31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "MPs". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "List of National Highways passing through A.P. State". Roads and Buildings Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "DETAILS OF ROADS IN EACH ULB OF ANDHRA PRADESH". 
  16. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  17. ^ Krishnamoorthy, Suresh (22 April 2015). "Several bus stations lack CCTV surveillance". The Hindu. Hyderabad. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "Vijayawada division – A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  19. ^ "Ongole Airport Site Approved". Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  21. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  22. ^ "RIMS College – ONGOLE". Rimsongole.org. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  23. ^ "QIS College of Engineering & Technology :: Ongole". Qiscet.edu.in. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "Welcome to RISE groups of institutions". Risegroup.edu.in. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  25. ^ "Prakasam Engineering College". Prakasamec.com. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  26. ^ PACE. "PACE Institute of Technology And Science| Engineering College". Paceengineeringcollege.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  27. ^ Shridharan, J. R. (31 October 2014). "Ongole to host Ranji match". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  28. ^ Murali, S. (12 January 2015). "Ongole cricket stadium (Sarma college grounds), a feather in ACA's cap". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  29. ^ "Srikar Bharat – First wicketkeeper to score a triple century in Ranji Trophy". Cricket Country. 12 February 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  30. ^ "First state-level girl football tournament at Ongole". The Hans India. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 

External links[edit]