Ongole

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Ongole
ఒంగోలు
City
Ongole Railway Station
Ongole Railway Station
Ongole is located in Andhra Pradesh
Ongole
Ongole
Coordinates: 15°30′N 80°03′E / 15.5°N 80.05°E / 15.5; 80.05Coordinates: 15°30′N 80°03′E / 15.5°N 80.05°E / 15.5; 80.05
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Prakasam
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Ongole Municipal Corporation
 • MP Y.V.Subba reddy.
 • MLA Damacharla Janardhana Rao
Area[1]
 • City 25.00 km2 (9.65 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2012)[3][4]
 • City 204,746
 • Rank 17th
 • Density 8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[1] 207,000
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 523 xxx
Telephone code (+91)8592
Vehicle registration AP–27 xx xxxx
Lok Sabha constituency Ongole
Assembly constituency Ongole
Website Ongole Municipal corporation

Ongole is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Prakasam district. It is also the mandal headquarters of Ongole mandal in Ongole revenue division.[5] The city is the 13th most populous in the state. Ongole is known for its Ongole cattle, a breed of oxen.[6] This is one of the major zebu cattle breeds in the world.

Etymology[edit]

Prakasam district was formerly called Ongole district and later, renamed to Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu.

History[edit]

The town's history dates from 230 BCE with the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now present-day Andhra Pradesh. A few inscriptions dating to the Satavahana period have been found in the village China Ganjam, near Ongole. After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A.D. The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple in Ongole City was constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in early 17th century by King Vankayalapati mantri and Army Chief.

Geography[edit]

Ongole is located in the eastern portion of the Prakasam District at 15°30′N 80°03′E / 15.5°N 80.05°E / 15.5; 80.05.[7] It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft)AMSL. With the initiative of Mr. Ravuri Ling Reddy Ex Sarpanch, Pernamitta, Ongole has the all season water resource 'Enugula Bavi' which serves water needs of 40,000 people any time.[8]

Climate

  • Winter: December To February
  • Summer: March to June
  • South West Monsoons  – July to September
  • North East Monsoons  – October to November

Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.

Climate data for Ongole (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
32.4
(90.3)
34.6
(94.3)
36.6
(97.9)
39.7
(103.5)
38.3
(100.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.4
(93.92)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
24.65
(76.37)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.7
(0.736)
4.1
(0.161)
18.3
(0.72)
12.9
(0.508)
68.5
(2.697)
61.0
(2.402)
108.3
(4.264)
115.5
(4.547)
148.0
(5.827)
247.0
(9.724)
175.1
(6.894)
61.5
(2.421)
1,038.9
(40.901)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.4 3.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 8.8 5.8 4.8 48.7
Source: India Meteorological Department [9]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 204,746. The population constitutes 102,835 males and 101,911 females&a sex ratio of 994 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[10] 19,744 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 10,228 are boys and 9,516 are girls&a ratio of 935 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.04% with 153,628 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[4][11]

Governance[edit]

Community Hall

Civic administration[edit]

Ongole Municipal Corporation is the civic body that oversees the needs of the city of Ongole. It was constituted as a municipality in the year 1876 and the present area of the corporation is 25.00 km2 (9.65 sq mi). The agglomerated villages that were merged into Ongole corporation are : Cheruvukommupalem,Throvagunta, Muktinuthalapadu, Dsarajupalli, Koppolu, Narasapuram Agraharam, Pellur, Pernamitta, Vengamukkapalem.[1] S.Venkata Krishna is the commissioner of the municipal corporation.[12]

Politics[edit]

Ongole is a part of Ongole (Assembly constituency), representing Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Damacharla Janardhana Rao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[13] The constituency is a part of Ongole (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Y.V.Subba Reddy of YSR Congress Party.[14][15]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the primary industry of Ongole, and is one of the major centres for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh.

Export of oxen

The Ongole Bull

Ongole bulls are a breed of Oxen that are exported to many countries. The Brahmana bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. An Island in Malaysia where there are many Ongole Oxen is named as Ongole Island. The population of Ongole off-breed in Brazil is said to be around several millions. The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between rivers Gundlakamma and Musi.

Transport[edit]

National Highway 5 at Ongole
Ongole railway station

Roadways

The town is also connected by a well maintained network of roads to all major towns and cities of the state and country. The Asian Highway 45 passing through the city forms a part of the Golden Quadrilateral Project. NH 214A from Digammarru to Ongole, converges AH 45 near Ongole. APSRTC operates buses from Ongole bus station.[16][17]

Railways

Ongole railway station is an A–category station located on the Howrah-Chennai main line and administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[18]

Airport

A new greenfield airport was approved for Ongole in February 2014.[19]

Education[edit]

There is a medical college in the city named as Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS)[20] Some of the famous educational institutes include QIS College of Engineering and Technology,QIS Institute of Technology,[21] RISE Groups of Institutions,[22] Prakasam Engineering College,[23] Pace Institute of Technology & Science[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "About Ongole". Ongole Municipal Corporation. 17 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Elevation". mapcoordinates.net. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  4. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Prakasam District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 157,178. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Breeds of Livestock - Ongole Cattle". Ansi.okstate.edu. 16 July 2001. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ongole, India". fallingrain.com. 
  8. ^ "Yenugula Bavi is as sweet as ever". 15 April 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ongole Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  10. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Commissioner Profile". ongolemunicipalcorporation.org. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "MPs". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  17. ^ Krishnamoorthy, Suresh (22 April 2015). "Several bus stations lack CCTV surveillance". The Hindu. Hyderabad. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "Vijayawada division - A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  19. ^ "Ongole Airport Site Approved". Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "RIMS College - ONGOLE". Rimsongole.org. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "QIS College of Engineering & Technology :: Ongole". Qiscet.edu.in. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  22. ^ "Welcome to RISE groups of institutions". Risegroup.edu.in. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "Prakasam Engineering College". Prakasamec.com. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  24. ^ PACE. "PACE Institute of Technology And Science| Engineering College". Paceengineeringcollege.com. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 

External links[edit]