Ongole cattle is an indigenous cattle breed that originates from Prakasam District in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The breed derives its name from the place the breed originates from, Ongole. The Ongole breed of cattle, Bos Indicus, has a great demand as it is said to possess resistance to both foot and mouth disease and mad cow disease. These cattle are commonly used in bull fights in Mexico and some parts of East Africa due to their strength and aggressiveness. They also participate in traditional bull fights in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Cattle breeders use the fighting ability of the bulls to choose the right stock for breeding in terms of purity and strength.
Ongole cattle are famous for their bulls. Traditionally, the Ongole breed have been raised by local farmers, fed by both the Gundlakamma, one of the rivers that originates from the Nallamala Hills, and in the plains, the Paleru river, a tributary of the Krishna River. The Ongole occupy an area no larger than about 100 square miles between the Gundlakamma and Musi rivers.
Ongole bulls have gone as far as America, the Netherlands, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Indonesia, West Indies, Australia, Fiji, Mauritius, Indo-China and Philippines. The Brahmana bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. The population of Ongole off-breed in Brazil is said to number several million. The famous Santa Gertrudis breed developed in Texas, USA have Ongole blood.
Ongole cattle are known for their toughness, rapid growth rate, and natural tolerance to tropical heat and disease resistance. It was the first Indian breed of cattle to gain worldwide recognition.
The Ongole is one of the heaviest breeds. They weigh approximately half a ton, are 1.7 meters in height and have a body length of 1.6 meters and girth measuring 2 meters.
The weight of an Ongole female is 432 to 455 kg. Milk yield is 600 kg to 2518 kg. The lactation period is 279 days. Ongole milk has a butterfat content of over five percent. This results in large, well-nourished calves with considerable growth by the time of weaning. Ongole cows stay close to their calves to protect them from predatory animals.
Ongole Bull, India
-  The mascot of the 2002 Indian National Games was Veera, an Ongole Bull. Source - Press Information Bureau, Government of India
-  Estimation of Draught ability of Ongole bullocks by different methods*. R. Vinoo1, G. N. Rao2, B. Ramesh Gupta3 and K. Babu Rao4 Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad.
-  Genetic evaluation of Ongole bulls at organized herds by Umesh Singh, G K Gaur, R C Garg, R Vinod. Source - The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences
-  https://www.gofundme.com/save-neloreongole-breed
-  Ongole bulls are prized as they are said to be resistant to mad cow disease - source Outlook India.
-  Breeds of Livestock, Reference: Joshi, N.R., Phillips, R.W. (1953) Zebu Cattle of India and Pakistan, FAO Agriculture Studies No. 19, Publ. By FAO, Rome, 256 pp.
-  A STUDY ON COAT COLOUR IN ONGOLE CALVES* R. Vinoo, G. Narasimha Rao1, B. Ramesh Gupta2 and K. Babu Rao, Cattle Project, Lam Farm, Guntur - 522 034, India
-  Important Breeds of Cattle and Buffalos in India - Ongole Bull
-  Characteristics of the Ongole Cattle Breed - Source Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) in India
-  PRESERVATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF ONGOLE CATTLE by Mullapudi Narendra Nath* Tanuku - 534 211 (AP), India