Online Labour Index

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Online Labour Index (OLI) is an economic indicator measuring the activity of the global online gig-economy.[1] It was created and is administered by the researchers Otto Kässi, Vili Lehdonvirta, and Fabian Stephany, at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.[2]

The OLI monitors the demand and supply of work from the world's leading online gig-work internet platforms. The index has become an international reference for the measurement of the online freelance economy.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Online Labour Observatory[edit]

Since 2021, the OLI is hosted on the Online Labour Observatory,[10] a joint project of the International Labour Organisation and the Oxford Internet Institute.[11]


  1. ^ Kässi, Otto; Lehdonvirta, Vili (1 December 2018). "Online labour index: Measuring the online gig economy for policy and research". Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 137: 241–248. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2018.07.056. ISSN 0040-1625. S2CID 54193279.
  2. ^ Stephany, Fabian; Kässi, Otto; Rani, Uma; Lehdonvirta, Vili (1 July 2021). "Online Labour Index 2020: New ways to measure the world's remote freelancing market". Big Data & Society. 8 (2): 20539517211043240. doi:10.1177/20539517211043240. ISSN 2053-9517. S2CID 234778163.
  3. ^ "India largest provider of 'online labour'". The Times of India. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Online jobs in gig economy growing fast, finds new index". The Guardian. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  5. ^ Meaker, Morgan (29 December 2020). "Britain employs more 'crowdworkers' than anywhere in Europe". The Daily Telegraph. UK. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  6. ^ Querzè, Rita (20 April 2021). "In piattaforma sul web, chi cerca lavoro è nelle mani di un algoritmo". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  7. ^ Staff Writer. "The most in-demand job skills in South Africa right now". South Africa. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  8. ^ "A era da superexploração virtual do trabalho". Outras Palavras (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  9. ^ Royer, Alexandrine (9 February 2021). "The urgent need for regulating global ghost work". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Online Labour Observatory". Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  11. ^ ILO Research (20 May 2021). "Thanks to the @iLabourProject team, especially @ViliLe, @fabian_stephany and @ottokassi for collaborating with the @ILO_Research team". Twitter. Retrieved 23 May 2021.