Only God Forgives
|Only God Forgives|
|Directed by||Nicolas Winding Refn|
|Written by||Nicolas Winding Refn|
|Edited by||Matthew Newman|
|Music by||Cliff Martinez|
|Distributed by||Scanbox Entertainment (Scandinavia)|
Wild Side Films (France)
|Box office||$10.6 million|
Only God Forgives is a 2013 action film written and directed by Nicolas Winding Refn and starring Ryan Gosling, Kristin Scott Thomas, and Vithaya Pansringarm. The film was shot on location in Bangkok, Thailand, and, as with the director's earlier film Drive, is dedicated to Chilean director Alejandro Jodorowsky. It competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.
Only God Forgives opened at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival to polarized reviews. Most of the criticism focused on the screenplay and characterization, while praise was directed towards the visuals and soundtrack.
Julian is an American expatriate who, along with his older brother Billy, runs a Muay Thai boxing club in Bangkok, Thailand, as a front for drug dealing. Julian is quiet and seems to have a troubled past. He prefers to be tied up as he watches his favorite prostitute, Mai, masturbate in front of him. One night, Billy rapes and kills an underage prostitute and is cornered by Thai police. Lieutenant Chang allows the girl's father, Choi Yan Lee, to take his revenge by beating Billy to death in the same room where Billy killed the girl, but Chang later severs Choi's right forearm for allowing his daughter to be a prostitute. During a session with Mai, Julian has a hallucinatory vision of meeting Chang in a dark room, where Chang severs his right forearm.
Upon discovering his brother has been murdered, Julian and his crew go to Choi's kiosk to confront him, but Julian decides to spare Choi's life. When Julian's mother, Crystal, arrives in Bangkok, she demands that he find and kill the man responsible for Billy's death. Julian refuses, believing Choi was justified in avenging the death of his daughter. After having Choi killed, Crystal learns of Chang's involvement and meets with Byron, a rival drug dealer. She offers to cut him into her drug operation if he will put out a hit on Chang.
The police arrive at Julian's club to investigate Choi's murder, but Chang concludes that Julian isn't the killer. Julian recognises Chang from his visions and follows him out of the boxing club, but Chang seems to disappear into thin air before Julian can catch up to him. That evening, Julian brings Mai, impersonating as his girlfriend, to meet Crystal at a restaurant. Crystal discovers the ruse, insulting Mai and demeaning Julian, pronouncing him sexually inferior to the deceased Billy. Julian accepts Crystal's verbal abuse but later humiliates Mai by making her strip herself on the way home from the restaurant.
Two assassins on motorbikes are sent to murder Chang at a restaurant, which results in the deaths of numerous customers and two of Chang's men. Chang kills one of the assassins, then pursues and tortures the other one. The surviving assassin leads Chang to his boss, Li Po, who has resorted to arranging assassinations as a means of providing for his disabled son. Chang kills the second assassin but spares Li Po after seeing his affection for his son. Chang finds Byron in a club and tortures him to death, but he doesn't reveal who ordered the hit.
Julian confronts Chang and challenges him to a fight at Julian's boxing venue. Chang, an experienced boxer, quickly defeats Julian; Julian fails to land a single blow. Afterwards, Crystal tells Julian that Chang has figured out she ordered the hit. She pleads with Julian to kill Chang, just as Julian killed his own father for her. She promises that after Julian eliminates Chang, they'll go back home and she'll be a true mother to him. With his associate Charlie Ling, Julian infiltrates Chang's home after shooting Chang's bodyguard dead, intent on ambushing Chang when he returns. Charlie informs Julian that Crystal instructed him to execute Chang's entire family. Charlie murders the nanny of Chang's daughter as she enters the home, but Julian kills Charlie before he can murder Chang's daughter.
Chang and a police officer find Crystal in the hotel where she is staying. She tells them that Julian killed his father with his bare hands and that Julian is violent and deranged. Chang stabs her in the throat. Later, Julian returns to the hotel and finds his mother's corpse. In silence, he approaches her body, cuts open her abdomen, and shoves his hand inside it. He is last seen standing in a field with Chang, who appears to sever Julian's hands with his sword; Chang is last seen performing a passionate song in a karaoke club filled with fellow police officers.
- Ryan Gosling as Julian Thompson, an American who lives in Bangkok and "is a respected figure in the criminal underworld" according to a production synopsis. Gosling was in negotiations to star in the film in June 2011 after Luke Evans dropped out due to scheduling conflicts with The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey. Gosling had undertaken Muay Thai training in preparation for the role by that September, which included 2–3 hour daily sessions. Refn also participated in the training. Gosling and Refn had recently worked together on the neo-noir action drama Drive (2011). Julian speaks only 17 lines throughout the film. The idea for Julian to stick his hand into his dead mother's womb came from Gosling himself.
- Kristin Scott Thomas as Crystal Thompson, Julian's mother, who is described as "a merciless and terrifying mafia godmother" combining elements of Lady Macbeth and Donatella Versace. Scott Thomas was cast by May 2011.
- Vithaya Pansringarm as Lieutenant Chang / "The Angel of Vengeance", a man that believes himself to be God "[i]n the sense that God in the Old Testament is saying 'I can be cruel, you have to fear me' as 'I can be kind, you have to love me.'" Pansringarm did his own Thai boxing and singing for his role. Refn stated in an interview: "The character of One Eye went into Drive then went into the Thai police lieutenant. They're the same character played by three different actors [...] a mythological creature that has a mysterious past but cannot relate to reality because he's heightened and he's pure fetish."
- Gordon Brown as Gordon, Julian and Billy's lieutenant. Brown earlier played a walk-on role in Refn's Bronson and a supporting part in Valhalla Rising.
- Rhatha Phongam (Yaya-Ying) as Mai, a prostitute associated with Julian
- Tom Burke as Billy Thompson, Julian's older brother
- Byron Gibson as Byron
- Danai Thiengdham as Li Po
- Sahajak Boonthanakit as Pol Col. Kim
- Nophand Boonyai as Charlie
- Teerawat Mulvilai as Ko Sam
- Kovit Wattanakul as Choi Yan Lee
- Wittchuta Watjanarat as Ma Fong
Refn has said that "[f]rom the beginning, [he] had the idea of a thriller produced as a western, all in the Far East, and with a modern cowboy hero." He originally planned to direct Only God Forgives directly after Valhalla Rising (2009), but he accepted Gosling's request to direct Drive instead. Gosling has described the script of Only God Forgives as "the strangest thing I've ever read and it's only going to get stranger." Like Drive, the film was largely shot chronologically and scenes were often edited the day they were shot.
Footage was screened at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. Refn drew a connection between Only God Forgives and Drive, saying that "[Only God Forgives] is very much a continuation of that language"—"[i]t's based on real emotions, but set in a heightened reality. It's a fairy tale."
The film received a very divided response at its Cannes press screening; it was booed by many of the audience of journalists and critics while also receiving a standing ovation. It received a polarized response from mainstream critics: review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 41% based on reviews from 163 critics, with a weighted average of 5.15/10. The site's consensus states: "Director Refn remains as visually stylish as ever, but Only God Forgives fails to add enough narrative smarts or relatable characters to ground its beautifully filmed depravity." Metacritic assigns the film a weighted average rating of 37 out of 100 based on the reviews of 39 professional critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".
Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph reflected concerns over the film in a three out of five star review. "The film's characters are non-people; the things they say to each other are non-conversations, the events they enact are non-drama," he wrote. But he praised Refn for following up his commercially successful film Drive with "...this abstruse, neon-dunked nightmare that spits in the face of coherence and flicks at the earlobes of good taste".
Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave it five out of five stars, calling it gripping and praising the "pure formal brilliance" of every scene and frame, though he notes that it will "have people running for the exits, and running for the hills" with its extreme violence. In an alternative review published in The Guardian, John Patterson was highly critical of the film, citing its lack of originality and the low degree of focus on plot: "Somewhere in here is a story that Refn can hardly be bothered to tell... I feel the ghosts of other movies—his influences, his inspirations—crowding in on his own work, suffocating him, and somehow leaving less of him on screen."
Bill Gibron of PopMatters wrote "David Lynch must be laughing. If he had created something like Only God Forgives, substituting his own quirky casting for the rather staid choices made by actual director Nicolas Winding Refn, he would have walked away from Cannes 2013 with yet another Palme d'Or, another notch in his already sizeable artistic belt, and the kind of critical appreciation that only comes when a proven auteur once again establishes his creative credentials."
Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave this film a positive review, giving it three and a half stars saying: "Refn's follow-up effort to the similarly polarizing Drive (which I thought was flat-out great) is even more stylized and daring. Drive star Ryan Gosling (who is clearly interested in carving out a career with at least as many bold, indie-type roles as commercial, leading-man fare) strikes a Brando pose playing Julian, a smoldering, seemingly lethal American who navigates the seediest sides of Bangkok."
In 2015, the film was included in The Guardian's top 50 films of the decade so far.
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