Onsong County

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Onsong County
온성군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hanja 穩城郡
 • McCune-Reischauer Onsŏng kun
 • Revised Romanization Onseong-gun
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp;, 10 workers' districts, 15 ri
Area
 • Total 430 km2 (170 sq mi)
Population (1991 est.)
 • Total 134,524

Onsŏng County is a county (kun) in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea, located near the border with China. The administrative center is the town (ŭp) of Onsong. Onsong is the alleged site of the former Onsong concentration camp, now closed.

History[edit]

Onsong was one of the six post/garrisons (Chosŏn'gŭl육진; hancha六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418–1450) to safeguard his people from the hostile Chinese and Manchurian nomads living in Manchuria.

Geography[edit]

Onsong lies along the Tumen River, which forms the border with China. To the north of Onsong is Jilin Province, China. Onsong also contains the northernmost point in Korea, at 43°0'39″ N. Liangshui (Chosŏn'gŭl량수진; hancha凉水鎮), in Tumen prefecture, is the closest Chinese town across the river.

The land of Onsong is mainly mountainous, although a part is flatland. It has a continental climate, and is the region of Korea with the longest winter, except the Kaema Plateau. The highest peak is Yŏndubong.

Economy[edit]

Being mountainous in nature, Onsong is not well suited to agriculture. Ironically, however, it has the highest ratio of rice paddies to dry fields of any district in North Hamgyong Province. Logging is prevalent in the Tumen River basin. Lignite coal is also produced.

Transportation[edit]

Onsong is served by roads and railroads. In winter, it is also possible to cross the frozen Tumen River into China.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Onsŏng County is divided into 1 town ("Ŭp"), 10 worker's districts ("Rodongjagu") and 15 villages ("Ri"):

Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Onsŏng-ŭp 온성읍 穩城邑
Chongsŏng-rodongjagu 종성로동자구 鍾城勞動者區
Chuwŏl-lodongjagu 주원로동자구 周原勞動者區
Ch'angp'yŏng-rodongjagu 창평로동자구 蒼坪勞動者區
Namyang-rodongjagu 남양로동자구 南陽勞動者區
Ont'al-lodongjagu 온탄로동자구 穩炭勞動者區
P'ung'il-lodongjagu 풍인로동자구 豊仁勞動者區
Sambong-rodongjagu 삼봉로동자구 三峰勞動者區
Sanghwa-rodongjagu 상화로동자구 上和勞動煮區
Sansŏng-rodongjagu 산성로동자구 山城勞動者區
Tongp'o-rodongjagu 동포로동자구 東浦勞動者區
Chungsal-li 증산리 甑山里
Hasambong-ri 하삼봉리 下三峰里
Hyangdang-ri 향당리 香堂里
Kangal-li 강안리 江岸里
Misal-li 미산리 美山里
P'ungch'ŏl-li 풍천리 豊川里
P'unggye-ri 풍계리 豊溪里
P'ungha-ri 풍하리 豊利里
P'ungsŏ-ri 풍서리 豊西里
Ryongnam-ri 룡남리 龍南里
Sesŏl-li 세선리 世仙里
Turubong-ri 두루봉리
Un'am-ri 운암리 雲岩里
Wangjaesal-li 왕재산리
Yŏnggang-ri 영강리 永江里

Notables personalities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°57′20″N 129°59′30″E / 42.95556°N 129.99167°E / 42.95556; 129.99167