|City of Ontario|
The Ontario Convention Center in September 2006.
|Nickname(s): The Gateway to Southern California|
|Motto: Southern California's Next Urban Center|
Location in San Bernardino County in the state of California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||December 10, 1891|
|• Type||City Council / City Manager|
|• City Council||Mayor Paul S. Leon
Mayor Pro Tem Alan D. Wapner
Jim W. Bowman
Paul Vincent Avila
|• City treasurer||James R. Milhiser|
|• City clerk||Mary E. Wirtes, MMC|
|• City manager||Al C. Boling|
|• Total||50.006 sq mi (129.515 km2)|
|• Land||49.941 sq mi (129.345 km2)|
|• Water||0.065 sq mi (0.170 km2) 0.13%|
|Elevation||1,004 ft (306 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||167,500|
|• Rank||4th in San Bernardino County
29th in California
144th in the United States
|• Density||3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||91758, 91761–91762, 91764|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652764, 2411323|
Ontario is a city located in southwestern San Bernardino County, California, United States, 35 miles (56 km) east of downtown Los Angeles. Located in the western part of the Inland Empire region, it lies just east of the Los Angeles county line and is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area. As of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 163,924, up from 158,007 at the 2000 census, making it the county's fourth most populous city after San Bernardino, Fontana, and Rancho Cucamonga.
The city is home to the LA/Ontario International Airport, which is the 15th busiest airport in the United States by cargo carried. Ontario handles the mass of freight traffic between the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and the rest of the country. It is also the home of Ontario Mills and former home of the Ontario Motor Speedway.
It takes its name from the Ontario Model Colony development established in 1882 by the Canadian engineer George Chaffey and his brothers William Chaffey and Charles Chaffey. They named the settlement after their home province of Ontario.
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Entertainment and performing arts
- 4 Sports
- 5 Traditions
- 6 Geography
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Government
- 9 Tourism
- 10 Infrastructure
- 11 Notable residents
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
The area that is now Ontario was part of the lands used for hunting and foraging by the semi-nomadic Tongva Serrano (Gabrieleño) Indians, who were known to roam as far south as the western San Bernardino Mountains. At the time of Mexican and later of American settlement, active Native American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered[when?] in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont.
Juan Bautista de Anza friend of the land owner of Rancho Cucamonga [located at Township 1 South Range 7 West], Tiburcio Tapia, leaving him the assistance of the Cahuilla Indians from Anza, whom were under no control of any Spanish establishments. Other than the street and middle school named after De Anza, the only other artifact representing this expedition of De Anza and the Cahullia Tribe is a structure (still standing at 1007 East Main Street in the city's current Quiet Home Acquisition Project Area) and is not currently recognized for its significance. Following the 1819 establishment of San Bernardino Asistencia, which may have served as an outpost of the San Gabriel mission, it became part of a large, vaguely identified area called "San Antonio".
In 1826, Jedediah Smith passed through what is now Upland on the first overland journey to the West coast of North America via the National Old Trails Road (present-day Foothill Blvd).
The 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands. In 1881, the Chaffey brothers, George and William, purchased the land (which at that time also included the present-day city of Upland) and the water rights to it. They engineered a drainage system channeling water from the foothills of Mount Baldy down to the flatter lands below that performed the dual functions of allowing farmers to water their crops and preventing the floods that periodically afflict them. They also created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue (California Highway 83), with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" (called so because it offered the perfect balance between agriculture and the urban comforts of schools, churches, and commerce) was originally conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town. The two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born.
Ontario attracted farmers (primarily citrus) and ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress visitors and potential settlers with the "abundance" of water in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific railway station. It was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure. The original "Chaffey fountain", a simple spigot surrounded by a ring of white stones, was later replaced by the more ornate "Frankish Fountain", an Art Nouveau creation now located outside the Ontario Museum of History and Art.
Agriculture was vital to the early economy, and many street names recall this legacy. The Sunkist plant remains as a living vestige of the citrus era. The Chaffey brothers left to found the settlements of Mildura, Australia and Renmark, Australia, which met with varying success. Charles Frankish continued their work at Ontario.
Mining engineer John Tays refined the design of the novel "mule car", used from 1887 for public transportation on Euclid Avenue to 24th Street. At that point, the two mules were loaded onto a platform at the rear of the car and allowed to ride, as gravity propelled the trolley back down the avenue to the downtown Ontario terminus. Soon replaced by an electric streetcar, the mule car is commemorated by a replica in an enclosure south of C Street on the Euclid Avenue median.
Ontario was incorporated as a city in 1891, and North Ontario broke away in 1906, calling itself Upland. Ontario grew at an astronomical rate, increasing 10 times in the next half a century. The population of 20,000 in the 1960s again grew 10 times more by the year 2007. Ontario was viewed as an "Iowa under Palm trees", with a solid Midwestern/Mid-American foundation, but it had a large German and Swiss community. Tens of thousands of European immigrants came to work in agriculture, and in the early 1900s the first Filipinos and Japanese farm laborers arrived, later to display nursery ownership skills.
Ontario has over two centuries of Hispanic residents, starting from the Californio period of Spanish colonial and Mexican rule in the 1840s. However, the first wave of Mexican settlers was in the 1880s brought as workers in the railroad industry (see traquero) and another wave from the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s. Mexican Americans resided in the city's poorer central side facing State Route 60 and Chino.
In the years following Ontario's founding, the economy was driven by its reputation as a health resort. Shortly thereafter, citrus farmers began taking advantage of Ontario's rocky soil to plant lemon and orange groves. Agricultural opportunities also attracted vintners and olive growers. The Graber Olive House, which continues to produce olives, is a city historical landmark and one of the oldest institutions in Ontario. Dairy farming is also prevalent, as it continues to be in neighboring Chino. Much of southern Ontario still contains dairy farms and other agricultural farms. However, the area is currently under planning to be developed into a mixed-use area of residential homes, industrial and business parks, and town centers, collectively known as the New Model Colony.
A major pre-war industry was the city's General Electric plant that produced clothing irons. During and after World War II, Ontario experienced a housing boom common to many suburbs. The expansion of the Southern California defense industry attracted many settlers to the city. Today, Ontario still has a manufacturing industry, the most notable of which are Maglite, which produces flashlights there. However, manufacturing has waned, and today Ontario's economy is dominated by service industries and warehousing. Major distribution centers are operated by companies such as AutoZone, Cardinal Health, MBM, Genuine Parts/NAPA, and Nordstrom.
According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||LA/Ontario International Airport||5,000-9,999|
|3||Sam's Club Distribution||500-999|
|6||United Parcel Service (UPS)||500-999|
Entertainment and performing arts
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2014)|
Built in 1925, The Granada Theatre was leased[when?][why?] to West Coast Junior Theater. By the 1940s, the theater had become part of the Fox West Coast Theater chain. The Granada Theatre was designed by noted[opinion] architect L.A. Smith.
Ontario has a franchise of The Dinner Detective, America's Largest Interactive Murder Mystery Dinner Show. The Los Angeles and Denver franchises were voted as the "Best Dinner Show" in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.[clarification needed]
The Citizens Business Bank Arena is a sports arena which opened in late 2008. It is owned by Ontario, but is operated by Anschutz Entertainment Group. It is an 11,000-seat multi-purpose arena, the largest enclosed arena in the Inland Empire.
The arena had been the home of the Ontario Reign, a team in the ECHL, from 2008 to 2015. The Los Angeles Kings affiliate plays at the 9,736-seat Citizens Business Bank Arena. In their debut season of 2008–09 they were second in the league in attendance, averaging 5856 fans per game in a crowded southern California entertainment market. Minor league teams often have to build a following with success over time, but Ontario Reign fans have offered strong support of the team right out of the gate. The Reign led the ECHL in average attendance in every subsequent year.
Ontario was announced as the host of the 2010 ECHL All-Star Game. Ontario joined Stockton (2008), Fresno (2006), and Bakersfield (2011) as California franchises hosting the league's midseason showcase. The minor league All-Star Game was expected to pump more than $1 million into the local economy.
In January 2015, the American Hockey League, a minor league above the ECHL, announced that it was forming a new Pacific Division and would be replacing the ECHL Ontario Reign with a relocated team. As the relocating team was the LA Kings-owned Manchester Monarchs, the two franchises switched names and cities in order to keep a team name with a well established fan base.
|Los Angeles Temptation||LFL, American football||Citizens Business Bank Arena||2004||3|
|Ontario Reign||American Hockey League, Ice hockey||Citizens Business Bank Arena||2015||0|
|Ontario Fury||PASL, Indoor soccer||Citizens Business Bank Arena||2013||0|
Since 1959, Ontario has placed three-dimensional nativity scenes from the life of Jesus on the median of Euclid Avenue during the Christmas season. The scenes, featuring statues by the sculptor Rudolpho Vargas, were challenged in 1998 as a violation of church-state separation under the California Constitution by atheist resident Patrick Greene, but the dispute was resolved when private organizations began funding the storage and labor involved in the set-up and maintenance of the scenery in its entirety.
As means to support the nativity scenes the Ontario Chamber of Commerce started "Christmas on Euclid". This is a craft fair extravaganza is held the first Saturday in December. High end artist/merchants come to sell their creations. The Ontario Rotary also participates in this event by having a classic car show that raises money for the library. Euclid Avenue is closed to traffic from "G" street to Holt for area residents to enjoy shopping for Christmas present and having a delicious meal. In 2009 the Ontario Kiwanis took over management of the event. The All-States Picnic, an Independence Day celebration, began in 1939 to recognize the varied origins of the city's residents. Picnic tables lined the median of Euclid Avenue from Hawthorne to E Street, with signs for each of the country's 48 states. The picnic was suspended during World War II, but when it resumed in 1948, it attracted 120,000 people. A 1941 Ripley's Believe It or Not! cartoon listed Ontario's picnic table as the "world's longest". As native Californians came to outnumber the out-of-state-born, the celebration waned in popularity until it was discontinued in 1981. It was revived in 1991 as a celebration of civic pride.
For over 50 years the first Saturday in June the Ontario Kiwanis and the Ontario Rotary partner for the annual "Pancake Breakfast and Car Show". Over 10,000 inland empire residents come to eat delicious pancakes and view the over 400 cars that come to show off their gorgeous paint jobs and hope appreciate all the hard work they put into the cars.
Ontario is located at 34°3' North, 117°38' West (34.05, −117.63).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129 km2). Of that, 49.9 square miles (129 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water. The total area is 0.13% water.
The climate of Ontario is semi-arid, with very hot summers and warm winters. Santa Ana Winds hit the area frequently in autumn and winter. Extremes range from 117 °F (47 °C) down to 22 °F (−6 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ontario has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Ontario, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||93
|Average high °F (°C)||68
|Average low °F (°C)||45
|Record low °F (°C)||22
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.11
The 2010 United States Census reported that Ontario had a population of 163,924. The population density was 3,278.1 people per square mile (1,265.7/km²). The racial makeup of Ontario was 83,683 (51.0%) White (18.2% Non-Hispanic White), 10,561 (6.4%) African American, 1,686 (1.0%) Native American, 8,453 (5.2%) Asian, 514 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 51,373 (31.3%) from other races, and 7,654 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 113,085 persons (69.0%).
The Census reported that 163,166 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 411 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 347 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 44,931 households, out of which 23,076 (51.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 23,789 (52.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,916 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,890 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,470 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 384 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,741 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 2,101 (4.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.63. There were 35,595 families (79.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.98.
The population was spread out with 49,443 people (30.2%) under the age of 18, 19,296 people (11.8%) aged 18 to 24, 49,428 people (30.2%) aged 25 to 44, 34,703 people (21.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,054 people (6.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
There were 47,449 housing units at an average density of 948.9 per square mile (366.4/km²), of which 24,832 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 20,099 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 90,864 people (55.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,302 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, Ontario had a median household income of $54,249, with 18.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 158,007 people, 43,525 households, and 34,689 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,173.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,225.5/km²). There were 45,182 housing units at an average density of 907.6 per square mile (350.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.8% White, 7.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 34.1% from other races and 5.3% were from two or more races. 59.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 43,525 households out of which 49.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.6 and the average family size was 4.0.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,452, and the median income for a family was $44,031. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $26,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,244. 15.5% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 19.1% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The city is governed by a five-member council: Mayor Paul S. Leon, who was elected as mayor in 2005, re-elected in November 2006 and is the first Hispanic to serve in that position in the history of Ontario, Mayor pro Tem Debra Dorst-Porada, Council Members: Alan D. Wapner, Jim W. Bowman, and Paul Vincent Avila. Council Members Wapner and Bowman being the longest tenured members on the council. Council Member Bowman being the only member of the council that is a lifelong resident of Ontario (over 60 years).
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $399.4 million in revenues, $305.3 million in expenditures, $1,606.0 million in total assets, $317.6 million in total liabilities, and $412.4 million in cash and investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
|City Manager||Al C. Boling|
|Assistant City Manager||Jacob Green|
|City Attorney||John E. Brown|
|Police Chief||Brad Kaylor|
|Fire Chief||Floyd E. Clark|
|Community & Public Services Director||Mark Chase|
|Utilities General Manager||Scott Burton|
|Housing and Municipal Services Director||Brent D. Schultz|
|Economic Development Director||John P. Andrews|
|Development Director||Otto Kroutil|
|Information Technology Director||Elliott Ellsworth|
|Administrative Services / Finance Director||Grant D. Yee|
State and federal representation
Ontario has 25 public elementary schools, six public middle schools and five public high schools under the combined oversight of four school districts. There are also several private schools throughout the city as well as two private military schools. Ontario also has nine trade schools. The University of La Verne College of Law and Chaffey College Ontario Campus are located in downtown Ontario. National University, Argosy University,Ontario and Chapman University have a satellite campus near the Ontario Mills mall. Ontario Christian is located there.
The LA/Ontario International Airport provides domestic and limited international air travel. Because of the many manufacturing companies and warehouses in the city, the airport also serves as a major hub for freight, especially for FedEx and UPS. This airport is owned by the city of Los Angeles.
Because Ontario is a major hub for passengers and freight, the city is also served by several major freeways. Interstate 10 and the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60) run east-west through the city. Interstate 10 is north of the Ontario airport while the Pomona freeway is south of the airport. Interstate 15 runs in the north-south directions at the eastern side of the city. State Route 83, also known as Euclid Avenue, also runs in the north-south direction at the western side of the city.
The city maintains an Amtrak station which is served by the Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle lines. Ontario also has a Metrolink station off of Haven Avenue. It connects Ontario with much of the Greater Los Angeles area, Orange County and the San Fernando Valley. Public bus transportation is provided by Omnitrans.
- Hobie Alter, pioneer surfboard maker and catamaran builder
- Rod Barajas, MLB player for the Los Angeles Dodgers and six other MLB teams
- Earl W. Bascom, inventor, "Father of Modern Rodeo," rancher, rodeo Hall of Famer, artist and sculptor, Hollywood actor
- Jim Brulte, politician 
- Henry Bumstead, Academy Award-winning cinematic art director and designer
- Beverly Cleary, author and Newbery Medal-winning novelist (1984), The Luckiest Girl and memoir My Own Two Feet
- Andy Clyde, actor, married in Ontario in 1932
- Del Crandall, MLB player and manager, 11-time All-Star, member of 1957 World Series champion Braves
- Landon Donovan, former Los Angeles Galaxy and USMNT player; born in Ontario, raised in Redlands
- Prince Fielder, baseball player for the Texas Rangers
- Ana Patricia González, winner of Nuestra Belleza Latina 2010 (Our Latin Beauty 2010) and currently appearing on ¡Despierta América!
- Robert Graettinger, composer
- Alan Haskvitz, National Teachers Hall of Fame inductee, educator and author
- Cle Kooiman, soccer player
- Nick Leyva, manager of the Philadelphia Phillies (1989–1991)
- Christina "T" Lopez, singer, actress; former member of Latin girl dance-pop band Soluna
- Shelly Martinez, professional wrestler
- Anthony Muñoz, 1998 Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
- Al Newman, former MLB player 
- Douglas Northway, Olympic bronze medalist, swimming
- Joan O'Brien, actress, graduate of Chaffey Union High School District
- Antonio Pierce, football player
- Joey Scarbury, singer
- Robert Shaw, conductor
- Mike Sweeney, MLB player for Philadelphia Phillies, attended Ontario High School and led 1991 baseball team to undefeated record and state title
- Tamara Thorne, novelist
- Bobby Wagner, football player, attended Colony High School; middle Linebacker for the Super Bowl champions Seattle Seahawks
- Joseph Wambaugh, author
- Frank Zappa, musician, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
- Brockville, Ontario, Canada (since 1977)
- Guamúchil, Sinaloa, Mexico (since 1982)
- Mocorito, Sinaloa, Mexico (since 1982)
- Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico (since 1988)
- Winterthur, Switzerland
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- "Elected City Clerk". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "City Manager's Office". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Public Officials". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
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- "Ontario (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
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- History of Ontario Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- Khouri, Andrew (November 6, 2014) "Ontario housing development restarts after stalling during recession" Los Angeles Times
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- "Ontario (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City Ontario CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
- City of Ontario CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- "California's 35th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "Ontario Mills' Big Food gets much, much smaller". Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "Find A Grave: Bellevue Memorial Park". findagrave.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bellview Cemetery
- Frank Fulton Ross at Find a Grave
- "chaffey.org". chaffey.org. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Ana Patricia: "No quisiera vivir nunca en la Mansión de la belleza"". PeopleenEspanol.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- "Nick Leyva". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- [dead link] Soluna On Fire The Girls Of Soluna Like Us—They Really Do! – QV Magazine
- "Al Newman Statistics". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Doug Northway Biography and Statistics". Sports-reference.com. 1955-04-28. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Joey Scarbury, born in Ontario, California, singer, Greatest American Hero June 7 in History". Brainyhistory.com. 1955-06-07. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Alumni Hall of Fame". Chaffey.org. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "mikesweeney.org". mikesweeney.org. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Sister Cities". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ontario, California.|
- Official City of Ontario, California website
- Ontario Chamber of Commerce
- Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Ontario, California at DMOZ
- “The Frankish Building: A Reflection of the Success of Ontario, California” — a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan.