|Ontario School of Art (1876–86)|
Toronto Art School (1886–90)
Central Ontario School of Art and Industrial Design (1890–1912)
Ontario College of Art (1912–96)
Ontario College of Art & Design (1996–2010)
|Motto||Imagination is Everything|
|Affiliations||AICAD, UnivCan, CBIE, COU, IAU,|
Ontario College of Art & Design University (French: Université de l'École d'art et de design de l'Ontario), commonly known as OCAD University (// OH-kad), is a public university of art and design located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is adjacent to the Art Gallery of Ontario, within the Grange Park neighbourhood. The school is Canada's largest and oldest educational institution for art and design. OCAD U offers courses through the Faculties of Art, Design, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and alternative programs. The enabling legislation is the Ontario College of Art and Design University Act, 2002 (previously the Ontario College of Art & Design Act).
The institution was established by the Ontario Society of Artists in 1876 as the Ontario School of Art, whose objective it was to provide professional artistic training, and further the development of art education in Ontario.: 11 [a] The Ontario Society of Artists passed the motion to "draw up a scheme" for a school of art on 4 April 1876, and the first Ontario School of Art opened on 30 October 1876, funded by a government grant of $1,000.
In the late-19th and early 20th centuries, the institution was renamed three times. From 1886 to 1890 the institution was renamed the Toronto Art School. From 1890 to 1912, the school was renamed the Central Ontario School of Art and Industrial Design. In 1912, the institution was granted a charter by the province and incorporated as the Ontario College of Art (OCA) with George Agnew Reid becoming the first principal. Reid would design and build the college's first purpose-built home. Today called George Reid House and still owned by the university, the two-storey structure fronting onto Grange Park opened in 1921 and was the "first building in Canada built specifically for the purpose of the education of professional artists and designers."
The institution remained the Ontario College of Art until 1996, when it was renamed the Ontario College of Art and Design (OCAD).
In 2002, the provincial legislature granted university status to OCAD along with limited with the authority to confer bachelor's degrees in fine arts and design. In 2007, OCAD was given limited authority to confer graduate degrees and accepted its first cohort of graduate students the next year.
In 2008, OCAD president Sara Diamond changed the pedagogy. She emphasised academics over studio time and required full-time instructors to hold an advanced degree. There was some controversy as two faculty members resigned over the changes.
In 2010, Tom Traves, then president of Dalhousie University in Halifax, conducted a confidential review of how OCAD was managed. He found that the number of senior faculty and administrators was excessive. Diamond adopted most of his 30 recommendations, including increased Decanal autonomy. OCAD University was awarded full degree awarding powers including honorary degrees on 1 July 2020 by the Government of Ontario.
OCA's McCaul Street campus, near the Art Gallery of Ontario, was acquired after World War I with its original two-storey building, now known as George Reid House, being opened in 1921. It has been expanded several times since then.
The current OCAD campus consists of a north campus and a south campus. The north campus includes the Main Building and Sharp Centre for Design, the adjacent Butterfield Park, the Annex Building, the Rosalie Sharp Pavilion, the Student Centre, the Inclusive Design Institute, and the Continuing Education Centre. The south campus consists of buildings that are physically situated on Richmond Street West, plus the proposed Mirvish-Gehry development further south on King Street.
The Main Building traces its roots to the first building that the school constructed, which was also the first building in Canada specially built for art education. Now known as the George A. Reid Wing, the building was designed by the school’s principal George A. Reid in the Georgian style: 21 : 15 and opened on 30 September 1921.: 16 : 15  On 17 January 1957, the first extension, a modernist: 17 building known today as the A. J. Casson Wing, was completed and was opened. Two more extensions to the building were subsequently added in 1963 and 1967.
In 2000, funding was secured from Ontario’s SuperBuild program to build a fifth extension to the Main Building.: 17  Through Rod Robbie of Robbie/Young + Wright Architects, Will Alsop of Alsop Architects was made aware of the project and was eventually selected in 2002.: 17–18  A joint venture was formed between the two firms and the new extension, now known as the Sharp Centre for Design, was completed in 2004. The design, which came out of a process of participatory design,: 18–19  consists of a box four storeys off the ground supported by a series of multi-coloured pillars at different angles and is often described as a tabletop. The $42.5-million expansion and redevelopment has received numerous awards, including the first Royal Institute of British Architects Worldwide Award, the award of excellence in the "Building in Context" category at the Toronto Architecture and Urban Design Awards, and was deemed the most outstanding technical project overall in the 2005 Canadian Consulting Engineering Awards.
Libraries and galleries
The main library on campus is the Dorothy H. Hoover Library, located in the Annex Building. The Learning Zone, also located in the Annex Building, houses the OCAD Zine Library, Art & Design Annuals and the Visionnaire periodical collection.
A number of galleries or exhibition spaces exist both on-campus and off-campus; a faculty gallery is also planned as part of the proposed Mirvish-Gehry development. The existing major exhibition spaces are:
- Onsite [at] OCAD U. Created in 2007 as the OCAD Professional Gallery before taking on its current name in 2010, Onsite [at] OCAD U is features works by national and international professional artists and designers.
- Student Gallery. The Student Gallery curates and features works submitted by current OCAD students and recent alumni. The Student Gallery used to be located at 285 Dundas St. West and 76 McCaul Street. It was created in the early 1970s
- Graduate Gallery. The Graduate Gallery is a gallery for graduate students and research faculty.
- Xpace. The OCAD Student Union runs a gallery called the Xpace Cultural Centre, located off-campus. (Hence Xpace, which stands for "external space.") It aims to provide students and emerging artists a space to exhibit their work in a professional gallery setting, and to better respond to "contemporary issues in theory and aesthetics" in the community through the use of shorter time frames in its programming.
- Open Gallery. The Open Gallery is an exhibition space inside the Inclusive Design Institute building at 49 McCaul Street.
OCAD offers a Bachelor of Arts (Visual and Critical Studies).
The school combines a studio-based education with liberal studies, which is recognised with a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), a Bachelor of Design (BDes), an Interdisciplinary Master's in Art Media and Design (MA, MFA or MDes), a Master of Fine Arts in Criticism and Curatorial Practice (MFA), a Master of Design in Strategic Foresight and Innovation (MDes), an Executive Master of Design in Advertising (EMDes), a Master of Design in Inclusive Design (MDes), and an Interdisciplinary Master's in Digital Futures (Graduate Diploma and MA, MDes, MFA).
Previously, the institution offered a four-year associate's diploma (AOCA or AOCAD) but this was discontinued once the institution was given university status and degree-granting authority in 2002. An academic program is available to alumni to allow them to take additional courses to convert their diplomas to full BFA or BDes degrees.
OCAD conducts research under the umbrella of the Digital Media Research + Innovation Institute (DMRII) which focuses on creative applied research in digital expression, digital immersion, digital experience and digital media industries. It consist of 19 research labs, including:
- the Ambient Experience Lab, focusing on experience design
- the Art Research Centre
- the Inclusive Design Research Centre (IDRC), focusing on inclusive design with an emphasis on information and communications technology
- the Social Body Lab, focusing on the interaction between the human body and the external world, which includes material research and wearable technology
- the Adaptive Context Environments (ACE) Lab, poses a grand vision: To introduce artificial intelligence (A.I.) Assistants into Everyday Living toward Improved Human-machine Synergy.
- the Game:Play Lab, which explores, critiques, and expands the nature of the gaming experience through play, theory, and practice
In addition to research centres within the school itself, OCAD also belongs to a number of research networks, including:
- the Centre for Innovation in Information Visualization and Data-Driven Design (CIV-DDD), led by York University and funded by the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, is a 5-year research initiative launched in March 2010 to address "innovation and training in information and scientific visualization in Ontario" and consists of a team each from York University, OCAD University (directed by Sara Diamond) and the University of Toronto, 14 industry partners, and a number of international collaborators; and
- the Inclusive Design Institute (IDI), directed by Jutta Treviranus and funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation and the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, is a regional research network for inclusive design founded in 2008 and officially launched on 24 May 2012, with the aim to "address the challenge of designing our information and communication systems (ICT) so that they work for all potential users, including users with disabilities, varying language needs and diverse cultural preferences"; it consists of eight core postsecondary partners (OCAD University, University of Toronto, Toronto Metropolitan University, York University, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Sheridan College, George Brown College and Seneca College) and over 100 collaborating organizations.
Commercialization of research is supported by two incubators:
- the Imagination Catalyst, directed by the AVP Research and Graduate Studies and coordinated by the Digital Futures Implementation office, which provides incubator support for students, alumni, and faculty and was established in August 2011 through the merger of the Digital Futures Accelerator and the Design Incubator; and
- the MEIC convergence centre, an industry mobile incubator directed by the MEIC, a not for profit association of mobile industry stakeholders and academia.
- Madeline Ashby — science fiction writer
- Myfanwy Ashmore – conceptual artist
- Barbara Astman – artist, photographer
- Yank Azman – actor
- Rebecca Belmore – artist
- David Blackwood – artist
- Shary Boyle – sculpture, painting, drawing, performance
- Jubal Brown – video artist
- George Bures Miller – installation artist
- Jack Bush – abstract expressionist painter, member of the Painters Eleven
- Meryn Cadell – writer, performance artist
- Franklin Carmichael – painter, member of the Group of Seven
- Robin Cass – filmmaker, producer
- Aimee Chan – graphic designer, Miss Hong Kong 2006, actress
- Holly Coulis – artist, painter
- Greta Dale – muralist
- Cathy Daley – artist, educator
- Ken Danby – artist, painter
- Jan Derbyshire – comedian, playwright
- George Dunning – artist, illustrator
- Wallace Edwards – illustrator
- Frank Faubert – politician, final Mayor of Scarborough
- Ed Furness – comic book artist
- Gregory Gallant – comic book artist, writer
- Max Gimblett – artist
- Katherine Gray – artist
- Emanuel Hahn – sculptor, coin designer
- Rachel Hayward – actress
- Wade Hemsworth – songwriter
- Dorothy Henriques-Wells – painter
- April Hickox – photographer, artist, academic
- Peter Ho – singer, producer, actor, model
- Cleeve Horne – painter, sculptor
- James Archibald Houston – artist, children's author
- Barbara Howard – artist, wood engraver
- Eli Ilan – sculptor
- Michael Ironside – actor, director
- Clark Johnson – actor, director
- Tracey Johnston-Aldworth – entrepreneur, environmentalist
- Carlos del Junco – musician
- Garry Kennedy – conceptual artist
- Brian Kipping – artist, musician
- Maya Kulenovic – painter
- William Kurelek – artist, writer
- Monte Kwinter – politician
- Martha Ladly – designer, musician
- Artis Lane – sculptor, painter
- Robert Lougheed – artist
- Irene Loughlin – performance artist, writer
- Wayne Lum – sculptor, commercial artist
- Charmaine Lurch – artist, educator
- Mary Florence MacDonald, curator
- Duncan Macpherson – cartoonist
- Michael Martchenko – illustrator
- Jean Mathieson – animator
- Bruce Mau – designer, writer
- Sanaz Mazinani – artist
- Doris McCarthy – landscape artist
- Manly E. MacDonald – artist
- Christine McGlade - digital designer, television producer
- Ross McLaren – artist, filmmaker
- Claire Mowat – writer
- Will Munro – artist
- Walter Tandy Murch – painter
- Shelley Niro – painter, installation artist, filmmaker
- Mary Margaret O'Hara – musician, actress
- Lucille Oille – sculptor, illustrator
- Kim Ondaatje – painter, photographer, filmmaker
- Edie Parker – sculptor
- Harley Parker – painter
- Lee Patterson – actor
- Kelly Richardson – video artist, photographer
- William Ronald – painter, founder of the Painters Eleven
- Karl Schroeder – science fiction writer
- Floria Sigismondi – photographer, director
- Anne Simpson – poet, novelist
- Michael Snow – installation artist, filmmaker
- Rudolf Stussi – painter
- Angela Su – artist
- Rick Switzer – sculptor
- Paul Szep – cartoonist
- Gary Taxali – artist, illustrator
- Rirkrit Tiravanija – installation artist
- Camille Turner – performance artist
- Maurice Vellekoop – artist, illustrator
- Lea Vivot – sculptor
- George A. Walker – book artist
- Simon Wilcox – musician
- Richard Williams – animator
- Dick Wilson – actor
- Elizabeth Wyn Wood – sculptor
- Jaret Vadera – artist
- Noreen Young – producer, puppeteer
Faculty and staff of OCAD University and its predecessors have included
- Roy Ascott
- Barbara Astman
- Aba Bayefsky
- Bill Buxton
- Nicole Collins
- William Cruikshank
- Carl Dair
- Cathy Daley
- Bonnie Devine
- Allan Fleming
- Richard Fung
- Ian Carr-Harris
- Robert Harris
- Johanna Householder
- Burton Kramer
- Martha Ladly
- Min Sook Lee
- Arthur Lismer
- J. E. H. MacDonald
- Jock Macdonald
- Thomas Mower Martin
- Ashok Mathur
- Christine McGlade
- Christiane Pflug
- George Agnew Reid
- Lisa Steele
- Maurice Vellekoop
- George A. Walker
- Norman White
- Rosalie Sharp (2004-2007)
- James K. Bartleman (2007-2010)
- Catherine Delaney (2010-2017)
- Salah Bachir (2017-2021)
- Jamie Watt (2022–present)
- George Agnew Reid (1912-1928)
- J. E. H. MacDonald (1928-1932)
- Fred S. Haines (1932-1951)
- Lawrence A. C. Panton (1951-1954)
- Sydney Hollinger Watson (1955-1970)
- Roy Ascott (1971-1972)
- Clifford Pitt (1972-1975)
- Paul Duncan Fleck (1975-1982)
- Norman Blasdell Hathaway (1983-1987)
- Timothy Porteous (1988-1995)
- Alan Barkley (1995-1998)
- Catherine Henderson (1998-2000)
- Ron Shuebrook (2000-2005)
- Sara Diamond (2005-2020)
- Ana Serrano (2020–present)
In popular culture
In the TV series Kim's Convenience, characters Janet and Gerald are photography students at OCAD.
In the TV series Kids in the Hall, Season 1, Episode 16, OCAD's former name; The Ontario College of Art, is featured in a skit.
- Canadian government scientific research organizations
- Canadian industrial research and development organizations
- Canadian university scientific research organizations
- Higher education in Ontario
- List of universities in Ontario
- Ontario Student Assistance Program
- U Sports
- "OCAD University Foundation" (PDF). Ontario College of Art & Design University. Ernst & Young. 31 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- https://www.ocadu.ca/about/governance/board-of-governors/jaime-watt[bare URL]
- "Ontario College of Art and Design University Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 8, Sched. E 2". Ontario e-Laws. Queen's Printer for Ontario. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
The Ontario College of Art & Design is continued as a corporation without share capital under the name Ontario College of Art & Design University in English and Université de l’École d’art et de design de l’Ontario in French
- "OCAD University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. 2011. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Pound, Richard W. (2005). Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
- Art Gallery of Ontario; Ontario College of Art (1976). 100 years: Evolution of the Ontario College of Art (Exhibition catalogue).
- "Early Purchases and the Foundation of Art Education". Archives of Ontario. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Ontario Society of Artists: 100 Years 1872–1972". Art Gallery of Ontario. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- https://www.meibohmfinearts.com/artists/details/812[bare URL]
- "Thomas Mower Martin (1838-1934) - the Untouched Wilderness: The Untrodden Wilds of Canada".
- https://www.gallery.ca/library/ngc132.htm[bare URL]
- Roshuowy, Kristin (27 April 2010). "OCAD graduates from college to university". Toronto: Toronto Star. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Institutional Name Change Background". OCAD University. 2 March 2011. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Ontario Society of Artists (OSA) and the Government of Ontario Art Collection: The Final Purchases".
- "Ribbon is cut on the George Reid House!". 26 September 2018.
- https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ocad-university-federal-money-refurbishment-george-reid-house-1.4347948[bare URL]
- Wolfe, Morris (2001). OCA 1967–1972: Five Turbulent Years. Toronto: Grubstreet Books. ISBN 978-0-9689737-0-7.
- https://www.ocadu.ca/about/history[bare URL]
- "Duelling visions: OCAD students are resisting new plans to make big changes". Canada.com. 2 February 2007. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "Behind the scenes at OCAD: With acclaimed status, comes strife". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "Ontario Newsroom". news.ontario.ca.
- "Visible Campus" (PDF). Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario. June 2012. pp. 6, 7, 10. Retrieved 22 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "OCAD University Campus Map" (PDF). OCAD University. September 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "OCAD U part of proposed Mirvish-Gehry development". 3 October 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "King Street Development to include OCAD U Public Learning Centre for Visual Art, Curatorial Studies and Art History". OCAD University. 1 October 2012. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "OCAD University Campus Directory" (PDF). OCAD University. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
- "OCADU Receives Funds from Toronto Heritage, Better Buildings Partnership" (Press Release). OCAD University. 15 October 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Hume, Christopher (2011). "135 Years". In Grice, Gordon (ed.). Shift: Conventions. Toronto: OCAD U Student Press. pp. 13–20. ISBN 978-0-9783278-5-9.
- "Historical Summary". OCAD University. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "In Media Res: Ontario College of Art & Design 2008–2009 Annual Report". p. 12. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Whitehead, Terri (24 June 2004). "Top Table". Architects' Journal. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Goldberger, Paul. "The Colorist: The Sky Line". The New Yorker. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "OCAD's 'Tabletop' comes out on top – Daily Commercial News". Dailycommercialnews.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Ontario College of Art & Design". RIBA. Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Higgins, Charlotte (17 June 2004). "Award for 'high art on grotty street'". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Sharp Centre for Design wins best in show at Architecture and Urban Design Awards" (Press release). City of Toronto. 17 May 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Architecture and Urban Design Awards 2005 – Award of Excellence – Building in Context". City of Toronto. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Joanna (25 May 2005). "The AUDA Shows Love". Torontoist. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Schreyer winner announced". Canadian Consulting Engineer. Toronto. 46 (7): 6. December 2005. ISSN 0008-3267.
The winner of the 2005 Schreyer Award, the top technical award in the Canadian Consulting Engineering Awards, is the Ontario College of Art and Design, Sharp Centre for Design — Structural Engineering.
- "And the Beaubien goes to... Wayne Bowes" (PDF). Communiqué. Association of Consulting Engineers of Canada: 1–2. December 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
The Schreyer Award for the most outstanding overall technical project was presented to Carruthers & Wallace Ltd, a division of Trow Associates, and MCW Consultants Ltd., for the Ontario College of Art & Design, Sharp Centre for Design.
- Axworthy, Nicole (March–April 2006). "Awards". Engineering Dimensions: 21. ISSN 0227-5147. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "OCAD Library – Location". Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "OCAD Library – Learning Zone". Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "About Onsite [at] OCADU, 230 Richmond Street West, Street Level". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Student Gallery". Ocad.ca. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Student Gallery". Ocad.ca. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Gallery 76 Project". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Graduate Gallery". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Graduate Gallery Application" (PDF). OCAD University. Retrieved 22 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Fisher, Deanne. "Fees: what changed, what didn't, and why". OCAD University. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
The fee for Xpace Cultural Centre, which is owned and operated by the Student Union, went up to $47 for all students.
- "Xpace Cultural Center". OCAD Student Union. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Xtension exhibition reimagines the digital future" (PDF). Sketch. 25 (1): 9. Summer 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Scotiabank Nuit Blanche: Exhibition Area B Independent Projects" (PDF). City of Toronto. Retrieved 12 September 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "OCAD Artist Alley". ocadartistalley.com. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
- "You can now buy art by OCAD U students and grads online". NOW Magazine. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
- "Female Enrolment by Program". Common University Data Ontario. Council of Ontario Universities. 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Male Enrolment by Program". Common University Data Ontario. Council of Ontario Universities. 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Total Enrolment by Program". Common University Data Ontario. Council of Ontario Universities. 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "PEQAB". Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- "Ambient Experience Lab – About". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Research". OCAD University. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "About the IDRC". Inclusive Design Research Centre. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "ACE Lab". Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- "Digital Media Research + Innovation Institute (DMRII)". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- Kostoff, Larissa, ed. (June 2010). "Measures of our Success" (PDF). Sketch: The Magazine of OCAD University. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: OCAD University (Spring/Summer 2010): 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2014.
- "York co-leads $11.5-million project on visualization tools". York University. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "CIV-DDD – About". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "OCAD University Annual Report 2009/2010". OCAD University. p. 23. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Inclusive Design Institute – About – Overview". Inclusive Design Institute. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "OCAD University welcomes the Inclusive Design Research Centre and the Inclusive Design Institute". Council of Ontario Universities. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "List of Funded Projects". Canada Foundation for Innovation. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Ontario Research Fund Infrastructure Program" (PDF). Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- Treviranus, Jutta. "New Directions". Inclusive Design Research Centre. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- "OCAD University opens Inclusive Design Institute". Council of Ontario Universities. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "OCAD University launches Imagination Catalyst, led by entrepreneur Steve Billinger". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "MEIC – About". OCAD University. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Reid, George Agnew National Historic Person".
- Payne, Daniel. "A mirror of curriculum: Art libraries and studio-based education: The OCAD University experience (1876 -2016)" (PDF). OCAD University Library. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
- "L.A.C. Panton | Fine Art Collector | Paintings, Prints for Sale & Wanted".
- "Panton, Lawrence A. C."
- "Sydney Hollinger Watson | the Sampson-Matthews Prints".
- Taylor, Kate (18 June 2021). "Artist Norman Hathaway's design firm produced iconic images". The Globe and Mail.
- "... such a school is among the objectives listed in the Society’s constitution of 1875 and,... among the objects proposed at the founding of that Society in 1872." (p. 11)