Court of Appeal for Ontario

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Court of Appeal for Ontario
Cour d'appel de l'Ontario (French)
Established 1867
Jurisdiction Ontario
Location Osgoode Hall, Toronto
Authorized by Courts of Justice Act
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of Canada
Number of positions 23 (plus supernumeraries)
Website ontariocourts.ca/coa
Chief Justice of Ontario
Currently George Strathy
Since June 13, 2014

The Court of Appeal for Ontario (frequently referred to as the Ontario Court of Appeal or ONCA) is an appellate court in Ontario that is based at historic Osgoode Hall in downtown Toronto.

Description[edit]

The Court is composed of 22 judicial seats[1], in addition to one or more justices who sit supernumerary. They hear over 1,500 appeals each year, on issues of private law, constitutional law, criminal law, administrative law and other matters. The Supreme Court of Canada hears appeals from less than 3% of the decisions of the Court of Appeal for Ontario, therefore in a practical sense, the Court of Appeal is the last avenue of appeal for most litigants in Ontario.[2]

Among the Court of Appeal's most notable decisions was a 2003 ruling that legalized same-sex marriage in Ontario, making Canada the first jurisdiction in the world where same-sex marriage was legalized by a court ruling. Among many judges from the Court who have been elevated to the Supreme Court of Canada are Justices Rosalie Abella, Louise Arbour, Peter Cory, Louise Charron, Andromache Karakatsanis, Bora Laskin and Michael Moldaver, as well as Bertha Wilson, who was the first female justice on both the Court of Appeal for Ontario (1975) and the Supreme Court of Canada (1982).

The Court of Appeal derives its jurisdiction from Ontario's Courts of Justice Act.

Current judges[edit]

A courtroom at Osgoode Hall. Over the dais are the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom, which until 1931 were the Royal Arms for general purposes throughout the British Empire. The Statute of Westminster 1931 effectively elevated the Royal Arms of Canada to the position of the Queen's Royal Arms for general purposes across Canada, which is why the Royal Arms of Canada are now used by the court to represent the Canadian Crown.
Position Name Appointed Nominated by Position(s) Prior to Appointment*
Chief Justice George Strathy[3] 13 June 2014
26 April 2013
Harper Ontario Court of Appeal
Superior Court of Justice (2007 to 2013)
Associate Chief Justice Alexandra Hoy[4] 7 June 2013
2 December 2011
Harper Ontario Court of Appeal
Superior Court of Justice
Justice Mary Lou Benotto[5] 8 November 2013 Harper Superior Court of Justice (1996 to 2013)
Family Court (2001 to 2005)
Chapell Bushell Stewart (1978 to 2001)
Justice David M Brown[6] 16 December 2014 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2006 to 2014)
Justice David H. Doherty 1 September 1990 Mulroney Superior Court of Justice (1988 to 1990)
Justice J. Michal Fairburn[7] 18 July 2017 J. Trudeau Superior Court of Justice (December 16, 2014 to July 18, 2017)
Stockwoods

Ontario Crown Law Office

Justice Kathryn N. Feldman 11 June 1998 Chrétien Superior Court of Justice (1990 to 1998)
Justice Eileen E. Gillese 5 January 2002 Chrétien Superior Court of Justice (1999 to 2002)
Justice C. William Hourigan [8] 2 October 2013 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2009 to 2013)
Fasken Martineau LLP (1992 to 2009)
Justice Grant Huscroft[9] 16 December 2014 Harper Professor, Western Law School (2002 to 2014)
University of Auckland (1992 to 2001)
Justice Peter Lauwers[10] 14 December 2012 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2008 to 2012)
Miller Thompson LLP
Justice Ian Nordheimer [11] 15 September 2017 J. Trudeau Superior Court of Justice (1999 to 2017)

Counsel with Fraser & Beatty / Dentons LLP

Justice Bradley Miller[12] 26 June 2015 Harper Superior Court of Justice
Justice David M. Paciocco[13] 7 April 2017 J. Trudeau Ontario Court of Justice
Professor at University of Ottawa
Justice Gladys Pardu [5] 8 November 2013 Harper Superior Court of Justice (1991 to 2013)
Pardu Macdonald (1976 to 1991)
Justice Sarah Pepall [14] 10 April 2012 Harper Superior Court of Justice
Justice Lois Roberts [15] 5 May 2015 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2008 to 2015)
Genest Murray LLP (1988 to 2008)
Cassels Brock (1987 to 1988)
Justice Paul Rouleau[16] 15 April 2005 Martin Superior Court of Justice (2002 to 2005)
Heenan Blaikie
Justice Gary T. Trotter[17][18] 20 October 2016 J. Trudeau Superior Court of Justice (2008 to 2016)
Ontario Court of Justice (2005 to 2008)
Professor at Queen's University (2003 to 2016)
Ontario Crown Counsel (1988 to 2000)
Justice Michael Tulloch[19] 30 June 2012 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2003 to 2012)
Private practice
Justice Katherine van Rensburg[8] 2 October 2013 Harper Superior Court of Justice (2006 to 2013)
Gowling Lafleur Henderson LLP
Justice David Watt[20] 12 October 2007 Harper Superior Court of Justice

Supernumerary Justices

Position Name Appointed Nominated by Position(s) Prior to Appointment*
Supernumerary Justice Gloria J. Epstein[20] 12 October 2007 Harper Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice Russell G. Juriansz 12 March 2004 Martin Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice Harry S. Laforme[21] 19 November 2004 Martin Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice John I. Laskin 27 January 1994 Chrétien Lawyer at Davies Ward & Beck LLP
Supernumerary Justice Jean L. MacFarland [21] 19 November 2004 Martin Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice Robert J. Sharpe 25 May 1999 Chrétien Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice Janet M. Simmons 23 August 2000 Chrétien Superior Court of Justice
Supernumerary Justice James C. MacPherson 25 May 1999 Chrétien Superior Court of Justice

Chief Justices of Ontario[edit]

Number Name Years
21 George R. Strathy 2014–
20 Warren K. Winkler [22] 2007–2013
19 R. Roy McMurtry 1996–2007
18 Charles Leonard Dubin 1990–1996
17 William Goldwin Carrington Howland 1977–1990
16 Willard Zebedee Estey 1976–1977
15 George Alexander Gale 1967–1976
14 Dana Harris Porter 1958–1967
13 John Wellington Pickup 1952–1957
12 Robert Spelman Robertson 1938–1952
11 Newton Wesley Rowell 1936–1938
10 Sir William Mulock 1923–1936
9 Sir William Ralph Meredith 1912–1923
8 Sir Charles Moss 1902–1912
7 John Douglas Armour 1900–1902
6 George William Burton 1897–1900
5 Sir John Hawkins Hagarty 1884–1897
4 John Godfrey Spragge 1881–1884
3 Thomas Moss 1878–1881
2 Robert Alexander Harrison[note 1] 1875–1878
1 Sir William Buell Richards[note 1] 1868–1875

Past judges[edit]

Name Time in Office Nominated by Position(s) Prior to Appointment*
Edward W. Ducharme [1] [2] 2012 - 2013 Stephen Harper
Marc Rosenberg[23] 1995–2015 Jean Chretien
Stephen Goudge 1996–2014 Jean Chretien
Warren Winkler, Chief Justice 2007–2013
Dennis O'Connor 1998–2012 Jean Chretien
Michael Moldaver[23] 1995–2011 Jean Chretien
Andromache Karakatsanis 2010–2011
Marvin A. Catzman 1988–2007
Roy McMurtry 1996-2007 as Chief Justice
Louise Charron[23] 1995–2004 Jean Chretien
Rosalie Abella 1992–2004
Louise Arbour 1990–1999
Charles Dubin 1973–1996 (1992–1996 as Chief Justice)
William Goldwin Carrington Howland as Chief Justice 1977–1992
Walter Tarnopolsky 1985–1993
Peter Cory 1981–1989
Bert MacKinnon 1974–1987 as Associate Chief Justice
Bertha Wilson 1975–1982
Goldwyn Arthur Martin 1973–1988
Bora Laskin 1965–1970
Jean-Marc Labrosse 1990–2007
Roy Kellock 1942–1944
Henry Hague Davis 1933–1935
Newton Wesley Rowell as Chief Justice 1936–1937
Sir William Mulock as Chief Justice 1923–1936
John Douglas Armour 1887–1890 (as Chief Justice) (1901–1902)
John Hawkins Hagarty as Chief Justice 1884–1897
Thomas Moss as Chief Justice 1878–1880
Robert Alexander Harrison as Chief Justice 1875–1878

Chief Justices of Upper Canada (to 1841)/Province of Canada (1841–1867)[edit]

Number Name Years
1 William Osgoode 1794–1801
2 John Elmsley, Sr. 1801
3 Henry Allcock 1802–1806
4 Thomas Scott 1806–1816
5 William Dummer Powell 1816–1825
6 Sir William Campbell 1825–1829
7 Sir John Beverley Robinson 1829–1862
8 William Henry Draper 1863–1867

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Of the Court of Queen's Bench

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canada, Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs. "Federal Judicial Appointments - Number of Federally Appointed Judges in Canada". www.fja.gc.ca. 
  2. ^ "Court of Appeal for Ontario". Ontariocourts.on.ca. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  4. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2013/06/pm-announces-judicial-appointments-british-columbia-ontario-saskatchewan.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". 
  6. ^ http://justice.gc.ca/eng/news-nouv/ja-nj/2014/doc_33091.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/department-justice/news/2017/07/government_of_canadaannouncesjudicialappointmentsintheprovinceof.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ a b "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  9. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  10. ^ "OTTAWA, December 14, 2012 - Ontario Judicial Appointment Announced". archive.org. 13 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Ontario". www.newswire.ca. 
  12. ^ Canada, Employment and Social Development. "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced - Canada.ca". www.canada.ca. 
  13. ^ Canada, Department of Justice. "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Ontario - Canada.ca". www.canada.ca. 
  14. ^ "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". 
  15. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2015/05/ontario-judicial-appointments-announced.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointment Announced". archive.org. 28 March 2010. 
  17. ^ https://www.canada.ca/en/department-justice/news/2016/10/government-canada-announces-judicial-appointments-province-ontario.html. Retrieved 5 March 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "Ontario Judicial Appointments Announced". archive.org. 9 January 2012. 
  19. ^ http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/news-nouv/ja-nj/2012/doc_32756.html. Retrieved 5 August 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ a b "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". 
  21. ^ a b "ONTARIO JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". 
  22. ^ "Appointment of Chief Justice of Ontario announced". 
  23. ^ a b c https://web.archive.org/web/20031111224659/http://www.justice.gc.ca:80/en/news/ja/1995/ONT15.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]