Ontario Highway 560
|Maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario|
|Length:||184.1 km (114.4 mi)|
|Existed:||1956 – present|
|West end:||Highway 144 / Sultan Industrial Road|
|East end:||Highway 11 in Englehart|
|Divisions:||Sudbury District, Timiskaming District|
|Villages:||Shining Tree, Westree, Gowganda, Elk Lake, Mount MacDonald, Charlton, Englehart|
Secondary Highway 560, commonly referred to as Highway 560, is a provincially maintained secondary highway in the northern section of the Canadian province of Ontario. It begins in the west at an intersection with Highway 144 and the Sultan Industrial Road and proceeds 184.1 kilometres (114.4 mi) east to Highway 11 at Englehart.
Highway 560 was established, along with many of the secondary highways in Ontario, in 1956. It was extended westward 31.5 kilometres (19.6 mi) to Ontario Highway 144 in 1965. Aside from minor realignments along its isolated route, the route has remained unchanged since then.
Highway 560 is a remote route through some of the most isolated parts of Northeastern Ontario, spanning 184.1 kilometres (114.4 mi) between Highway 144, where the road continues west as the Sultan Industrial Road, and Highway 11 at Englehart. There are few gas stations and services located along the route, which is heavily travelled by logging trucks; warning signs are posted along the route as a reminder of this hazard.
The first 31 kilometres (19 mi) of the route is relatively straight, though like the rest of the highway, there are few signs of habitation along its journey through thick forests in the Canadian Shield; the hamlet of Ostrom is an exception to this. At Morin Village, the spur route Highway 560A branches southwest to the village of Westree. Highway 560 meanders around several lakes dotting the remainder of its journey to Englehart, serving the communities of Silver Tree and Gowganda along its twisting route. It also provides access to the West Montreal River Provincial Park at two locations west of Gowganda.
Within this vast uninhabited region, Highway 560 is the closest public road to the highest point in Ontario, Ishpatina Ridge. At Elk Lake, the route provides access to Makobe - Grays River Provincial Park and then meets Highway 65, with which it shares a 1.0-kilometre (0.62 mi) concurrency. It continues another 23 kilometres (14 mi) through dense forests before suddenly emerging into the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben. The remaining 16.6 kilometres (10.3 mi) of Highway 560 travels through agricultural lands, as well as the community of Charlton (where it intersects Highway 573), before ending at Highway 11 on the western edge of Englehart.
Like other provincial routes in Ontario, Highway 560 is maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. In 2010, traffic surveys conducted by the ministry showed that on average, 1,100 vehicles used the highway daily along the 9.2-kilometre (5.7 mi) section between Highway 11 and Highway 573 (Bay Street) while 210 vehicles did so each day along the 30.6-kilometre (19.0 mi) section between the latter and Highway 65, the highest and lowest counts along the highway, respectively.
Highway 560A is a secondary highway which serves as a short spur route from Highway 560 southwest to the railway crossing in the community of Westree. Its total length is 9.5 kilometres (5.9 mi). Based on the metrics provided in the section above, an average of 170 vehicles traverse the highway each day.
Highway 560 was first designated in early 1956, like many of the secondary highways in Ontario. Highway 560 initially provided the only access into the interior of the Temagami region and Gogama. However, in the mid-1960s, work began on a new link between Sudbury and Timmins. 31.5 kilometres (19.6 mi) was absorbed into the route of Ontario Highway 144 in April 1965. Since then, the western terminus of Highway 560 has been at Highway 144. Although numerous minor realignments have been made to the route over the years, the general alignment of the highway has remained unchanged.
|Highway 560 continues west as the Sultan Industrial Road|
|Sudbury||0.0||Highway 144 – Sudbury, Timmins|
|Morin Village||31.0||Highway 560A – Westree|
|41.7||Opikimimk River Bridge|
|Timiskaming||Gowganda||100.9||Gowganda Creek Bridge|
|Elk Lake||143.3||Highway 65 west – Matachewan||Beginning of Highway 65 concurrency|
|144.3||Highway 65 east – New Liskeard||End of Highway 65 concurrency|
|Charlton||174.9||Highway 573 (Bay Street)|
|Englehart||184.1||Highway 11 – New Liskeard|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Ontario Secondary Roads Now Designated 500, 600" 112 (33,119). The Globe and Mail. February 4, 1956. p. 4.
Two new Ontario road numbers appear on the province's 1956 official road map which will be ready for distribution next week. The new numbers are the 500 and 600 series and designate hundreds of miles of secondary roads which are wholly maintained by the Highways Department. More than 100 secondary roads will have their own numbers and signs this year. All of these secondary roads were taken into the province's main highways system because they form important connecting links with the King's Highways
- Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2007). "Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) counts". Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Google (June 20, 2015). "Route of Highway 560 (Including Streetview)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Minutillo, Carmine (2009). Backroad Mapbook Northeastern Ontario. Mussio Ventures. p. 29–32, 43. ISBN 978-1-897225-40-0.
- The Atlas of Canada
- Ontario Road Map (Map). Cartography by C.P. Robins. Ontario Department of Highways. 1956. § K29–L33.
- AADT Traffic Volumes 1955–1969 And Traffic Collision Data 1967–1969. Ontario Department of Highways. 1969. p. 114.
Notes: 2. Hwy. 144 renumbered from Sec. Hwy. 544 in April 1965
- Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by MapArt. Peter Heiler. 2010. p. 105. § J16–18. ISBN 978-1-55198-226-7.