Ontario Line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ontario Line
Overview
StatusUnder construction
OwnerMetrolinx
LocaleToronto, Ontario
Termini
Stations15
Service
TypeRapid transit[1][2][3][4]
SystemToronto subway
Rolling stockHitachi Rail
History
Planned opening2031 (7 years' time) (2031)[5]
Technical
Line length15.6[6] km (9.7 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead line1,500 V DC
Route map

Science Centre
Flemingdon Park
Maintenance and storage facility
Thorncliffe Park
Cosburn
Pape
Gerrard
Riverside–Leslieville
East Harbour
Corktown
Moss Park
Queen–Yonge
Osgoode
Queen–Spadina
King–Bathurst
Milton, Kitchener,
and Barrie lines
Exhibition

The Ontario Line is an under-construction rapid transit line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Its northern terminus will be at Eglinton Avenue and Don Mills Road, at Science Centre station, where it will connect with Line 5 Eglinton. Its southern terminus will be at the existing Exhibition GO Station on the Lakeshore West line. The Ontario Line was announced by the Government of Ontario on April 10, 2019.[7][8] As of November 2022, the estimated cost for the 15.6-kilometre (9.7 mi) line is CA$17 to $19 billion with an estimated completion in 2031.[5] Originally, the cost was estimated at $10.9 billion with completion by 2027.[7][6] A groundbreaking ceremony for the project took place on March 27, 2022.[9] Upon opening, the plan is for the line to assume the "Line 3" name,[10] which was used by Line 3 Scarborough until its closure in July 2023.[11]

Project history[edit]

Line 1 Yonge–University platform level of Bloor–Yonge station during a service disruption

Downtown Relief Line[edit]

Plans for an east–west downtown subway line date back to the early 20th century, most of which ran along Queen Street. In the 1980s, plans first emerged for a "Downtown Relief Line" that would provide capacity relief to the Yonge segment of Line 1 and the Bloor–Yonge interchange station, and extend subway service coverage in the city's east end.[12]

Efforts to increase capacity on Line 1 included longer, walk through trains, as well as the transition to automatic train control to increase the frequency of service. However, by 2012, the Toronto Transit Commission stated that a relief line will be required by the 2030s, given the overcrowding and high demand along the Yonge corridor.[12]

Since the early 21st century, studies proposed a line that would run south from Line 2 Bloor–Danforth at a point east of the Don River before bending westward along Queen Street into Downtown Toronto.[13][14] The Relief Line was included in the regional transportation plan The Big Move and was noted as one of Metrolinx's top 15 transit priorities.[15][16]

In the mid-2010s, the City of Toronto developed plans for this line, known as the "Relief Line South",[a] between Pape station on Line 2 Bloor–Danforth and Osgoode station on Line 1 Yonge–University. In August 2018, an alignment was approved by the Ontario Ministry of Environment, Conservation, and Parks. It was estimated that the Relief Line South would cost around CA$6.8 billion[17] and open in the late 2020s.[18] In early 2019, the Ontario government announced its intention to take over subway construction in Toronto from the TTC.

Ontario Line[edit]

In a surprise announcement in April 2019, the Ontario government under Premier Doug Ford presented the Ontario Line proposal, which at that time appeared to incorporate much of the routing and many of the station locations of the Relief Line.[19] Unlike the city's design, the Ontario Line would be a "standalone" line, one that would use lighter rolling stock and shorter trainsets than the Toronto Transit Commission's existing subway lines.[20] Members of Toronto City Council expressed their concerns that the new line would set back the delivery of rapid transit and potentially waste money the city had already spent on the Relief Line's design.

Metrolinx prepared the plan for the Ontario Line in just three months based on a proposal by transit consultant Michael Schabas. Metrolinx hired Schabas in December 2018 to lead a team to transform the Relief Line plans into the Ontario Line. Schabas supported using lighter metro vehicles such as those used in London's Docklands Light Railway, as such vehicles were deemed more suitable for steeper grades and elevated structures. A draft plan was ready by January 31, 2019. Doug Ford approved the plan after a February 26 presentation. Metrolinx kept the project a secret until the government chose to announce it on April 10.[21]

As initially announced in April 2019, the route of the Ontario Line seemed to follow much of the route of the Relief Line, beginning at Exhibition Place, travelling northeast to King and Bathurst Streets, then northeast to Spadina Avenue and Queen Street. It then proceeded eastward through downtown along Queen Street before turning southeast in the area of Parliament Street south to Eastern Avenue. The line had one station on King Street and Sumach Street, then made an east–west crossing of the Lower Don River to a station at Broadview and Eastern Avenues. The line proceeded northeast to Pape Avenue and Danforth Avenue and continued north along Pape Avenue, making a north–south crossing of the Don River to the Thorncliffe Park neighbourhood. The line continued northeast along Don Mills Road to terminate at Don Mills Road and Eglinton Avenue.[22]

The announcement that the line would extend to a new station at Ontario Place stirred controversy, as Premier Doug Ford had spoken of transforming Ontario Place, previously a family-oriented venue, into an adult-oriented casino complex. Some suspected that the plan to extend the line to Ontario Place was aimed at out-of-province gamblers, not Ontarians.[23][24][25][26][27] Ford denied that the extension was related to any casino plans.[28] The Globe and Mail reported that no previous plan had ever considered making Ontario Place a rapid transit destination and that the announcement surprised everyone, including mayor of Toronto John Tory.[25]

In July 2019, the Toronto Star obtained and reported on confidential documents from Metrolinx. The documents showed that the proposed route would be markedly different from that of the Relief Line South and involve significant lengths of at-grade or elevated track. The Ontario Place station was eliminated, with an Exhibition station added near the Exhibition GO Station. The section between Queen/Sherbourne and Gerrard stations would come to the surface and mostly follow a railway right-of-way instead of being tunnelled. The new route would substitute a Corktown station about 500 metres (1,600 ft) west of the proposed location for Sumach station on the Relief Line. The Ontario Line would share less than half the planned route of the Relief Line between Osgoode and Pape stations.[29]

In October 2019, Tory and Ford reached a tentative deal in which the city would endorse the line and the TTC's subway network would not be taken over by the provincial government.[30] The deal was later approved by Toronto City Council in a 22-to-3 decision.[31]

Procurement[edit]

The Ontario Line project is being delivered through various public–private partnerships (P3), progressive design–build and traditional procurement contracts, which are all being staged accordingly for their successful delivery. The contracts are:[32]

Rolling stock, systems, operations and maintenance (RSSOM)[edit]

On June 2, 2020, Infrastructure Ontario (IO) and Metrolinx issued a request for qualification (RFQ) for rolling stock, systems, operations and maintenance (RSSOM), marking the first phase of procurement for the Ontario Line.[33] On November 17, 2022, the contract was awarded to Connect 6ix (a consortium led by Hitachi Rail, Transdev, Plenary Americas, and Webuild) with a projected in-service date of 2031.[34]

The contract covered the design, construction, operation and ongoing maintenance for the entire Ontario Line, for a 30-year term, including:

  • Rolling stock, to be designed, supplied, and maintained by consortium member Hitachi Rail and operated by Transdev
  • An operations, maintenance and storage facility (OMSF) for the rolling stock
  • An Operations Control Centre (OCC) and Backup Operations Control Centre (BOCC), where staff control train operations in coordination with GO Transit and Toronto Transit Commission.
  • Train operations, including an automated unattended train operation system
  • Systems, including track, communications (e.g. network, Wi-Fi, CCTV, passenger display systems), and traffic control systems
  • Fare equipment coordination with Presto

Southern civil, stations and tunnel[edit]

On June 2, 2020, Infrastructure Ontario (IO) and Metrolinx issued an RFQ for the southern portion, marking the first phase of procurement for the Ontario Line.[33] On November 9, 2022, the contract was awarded to Ontario Transit Group (a consortium led by Ferrovial and Vinci), with a projected completion date of 2030.[35]

The contract included the design and construction of:

  • A 6-kilometre (3.7 mi) tunnel through downtown Toronto from Exhibition GO to Don Yard portal (west of Don River)
  • Seven stations, including four new standalone underground stations (King–Bathurst, Queen–Spadina, Moss Park, Corktown), two underground interchange stations (Queen–Yonge and Osgoode) and one above-ground station (Exhibition)
  • Advance civil engineering work (including ground works to build the tunnel and stations, utility and conduit works prior to mechanical and electrical work under RSSOM, guideway structures and facilities prior to trackworks under RSSOM)

Pape tunnel and underground stations[edit]

On November 17, 2022, Metrolinx and Infrastructure Ontario issued an RFQ for the northern portion between Gerrard station and the Don Valley Bridge.[36] On January 17, 2024, the contract was awarded to Pape North Connect (a consortium led by Webuild and Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas).[37]

The contract included the design and construction of:

  • 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) of tunnel underneath Pape Avenue from the future Gerrard portal to the Don Valley bridge
  • Two underground stations – one standalone (Cosburn) and one interchange (Pape)
  • Advance civil engineering work (including underpinning of the existing Line 2 Pape Station, three emergency exit buildings, crossover near Sammon Avenue) prior to mechanical and electrical systems installation under RSSOM

Elevated guideway and stations[edit]

On November 17, 2022, Metrolinx and Infrastructure Ontario issued an RFQ for the northern portion between the Don Valley Bridge and Ontario Science Centre.[36] On February 20, 2024, the contract was awarded to Trillium Guideway Partners (a consortium led by Acciona and AMICO).[38]

The contract included the design and construction of:

  • 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) of elevated guideway
  • Five elevated stations (Riverside–Leslieville, Gerrard, Thorncliffe Park, Flemingdon Park, Science Centre), including connections to Line 5 Eglinton at Science Centre
  • Advance civil engineering work (including 1 emergency exit building, sections of Metrolinx-owned rail corridor where the Ontario Line trains will operate emergency exits, and interface with the OMSF and Line 5 Eglinton) prior to mechanical and electrical systems installation by the RSSOM contract

Joint use corridor[edit]

In addition to the above contracts, there will also be a series of early-works projects for bridge, track and other preparatory activities to help advance the delivery of the Ontario Line primarily at two locations: Exhibition GO Station to Strachan portal and Don Yard portal to the future Gerrard Station. These contracts will be procured traditionally by Metrolinx and Infrastructure Ontario.[39]

Revision of estimates[edit]

In July 2019, the estimated completion date was 2027. By December 2020, the completion date had been revised to 2030. Metrolinx said that the original completion date was based on market conditions that since 2019 had changed dramatically.[40] By November 2022, the completion date was being reported as 2031.[5]

In 2019, the estimated design and construction cost of the line was to be about $10.9 billion. By November 2022, that estimate had nearly doubled to $17 to $19 billion, including not only design and construction but also financing costs, operation, and maintenance. The provincial government claimed that the higher estimate was due to inflation and supply issues.[5]

Construction[edit]

A ground-breaking ceremony attended by Ford, Tory, and other politicians and officials was held on March 27, 2022, at Exhibition Place, despite no major contracts having been awarded at that point.[9] By the end of August 2022, buildings at the site of the future Corktown station had been demolished to allow for construction to start in 2023. In the meantime, archeologists were allowed on site to document any historical findings.[41]

Following the awarding of major contracts in November 2022, major design and construction work of the rolling stock, systems, operations and maintenance (RSSOM) and southern civil, stations and tunnel contracts were anticipated to commence in 2023.[35][34]

By early 2023, preparation work was already in progress at the sites for Exhibition, Queen, Corktown, Osgoode and Moss Park stations, at the Don Yard, in the Lakeshore East rail corridor east of the Don River, and at the future tunnel portal near Pape Avenue and Gerrard Street.[42]

On May 1, 2023, an estimated 4.5-year closure of Queen Street between Victoria and Bay Streets began to allow construction at Queen station.[42] Route 501 Queen streetcars were required to divert, with new tracks on Adelaide and Richmond Streets allowing a diversion due for completion in 2024.[43] In December 2023, Metrolinx noted that construction would "ramp up" in 2024 across the line, including the beginning of tunnelling work.[44]

Concerns[edit]

After a draft of the Ontario Line's business case was disclosed in July 2019, a number of concerns were raised by transit experts:

  • Doubts were expressed that the line could be completed within budget and by 2027. Metrolinx plans to start the procurement process in 2020 to allow bidding companies to comment on the feasibility of the 2027 completion date.[45] The estimated completion had been revised to 2030 by December 2020.[40]
  • It may be challenging to fit the Ontario Line along GO Transit's Lakeshore East corridor. The Ontario Line would need to be added to three existing overpasses.[45] If the Ontario Line requires widening of the Lakeshore East embankment, property acquisitions may be required including nearby houses, businesses and community facilities.[46][47] In September 2020, Metrolinx said the platform area of the former Grand Trunk Railway's Riverdale railway station gave the rail corridor extra width at Queen Street; thus, the Ontario Line would not impact the adjacent Jimmie Simpson Community Centre.[48]
  • Flood mitigation projects and reconstruction of the Gardiner Expressway at Lower Don River may impede Ontario Line construction.[45]
  • There are doubts that passengers can alight and board smaller Ontario Line trains quickly enough to achieve the projected 90-second train frequency. Metrolinx insists the frequency can be met by reducing station dwell times.[45]
  • Concerns were raised that winter conditions may adversely affect train operations on an elevated track, as they did with the former Line 3 Scarborough, which also had elevated trackage.[45]
  • The elevated structures may have a greater environmental impact with respect to noise, vibration and visual presence than with an underground right-of-way. Metrolinx proposes using mitigation strategies involving "systems, maintenance and track design" to reduce noise and vibration, and new community spaces and parks "to offset (the) visual impact and footprint of the elevated structure".[49] Another design decision Metrolinx must make is whether the elevated structure along Don Mills Road would be above or beside the road.[50] In September 2020, Metrolinx said it would build noise walls along the rail corridor between Gerrard and East Harbour stations.[48]
  • Some of the savings for surface construction may be partially offset by the cost of building surface-to-tunnel transitions at Cherry Street and at Gerrard Street.[46]
  • Operating costs for the above-ground sections may be higher due to exposure to the elements.[46]
  • Operating the Ontario Line along an elevated Lakeshore East embankment might require slower speeds in order to navigate grades and curves.[46]

Description[edit]

Route[edit]

Schematic map of the Ontario Line indicating stations and connections. Thin lines indicate on-street sections of Line 5 Eglinton.
Science Centre station under construction (as a station on Line 5 Eglinton) in 2020

The following route description is based on a revised plan issued by Metrolinx in September and October 2020, plus a revision published in April 2021.

The northeastern terminus of the Ontario Line would be Science Centre station at Don Mills Road and Eglinton Avenue. This station would be a transfer point for Line 5 Eglinton and TTC buses. The Ontario Line platform would be on an elevated structure above Science Centre station's bus terminal, located north of Eglinton Avenue on the east side of Don Mills Road.[51]

Continuing south on an elevated structure, the line would cross Eglinton Avenue and then cross to the west side of Don Mills Road, passing through Flemingdon Park station located on a northwest corner opposite Gateway Boulevard. Immediately south of this station, the line would turn west along the Hydro One right-of-way, and cross the Don Valley on a new bridge. Continuing west on the other side of the valley, the line would pass the Ontario Line maintenance and storage facility. The line would jog south to Overlea Boulevard and then jog west on the north side of that street on an elevated structure. The line would pass through Thorncliffe Park station, which would be over the western portion of Thorncliffe Park Boulevard. Continuing west on an elevated structure, the line would curve south over Millwood Road across the Don Valley on a new bridge roughly parallel and west of Leaside Bridge. On the south side of the valley crossing, the line would enter a tunnel under Minton Place.[51]

From Minton Place, the line would continue south under Pape Avenue, passing through Cosburn and Pape stations. The tunnel, mainly under Pape Avenue, would bow slightly to the west at Cosburn station, and slightly to the east at Pape station to avoid digging up the street to construct the station structures. At Pape station, the Ontario Line would connect with Line 2 Bloor–Danforth.[51]

South from Pape station, the line would travel roughly under Pape Avenue, emerging to the surface just north of Gerrard Street. The line would then enter Gerrard station on an elevated structure over the intersection of Gerrard Street and Carlaw Avenue. South of Gerrard station, the Ontario Line would run along the northwest side of GO Transit's Lakeshore East rail corridor located on an embankment. (The rail corridor has three tracks with provision for a fourth. With the construction of the Ontario Line, the corridor would eventually have six tracks.) The route would continue along the railway right-of-way, passing Riverside–Leslieville station at Queen Street East and continuing to East Harbour station, east of the Don River, on the south side of Eastern Avenue, where a new GO train station would be built on the surface. The Ontario Line would cross the Don River on a new bridge located on the north side of the existing rail bridge. After crossing the river, the line would pass the GO Transit Don Yard before descending into a tunnel just east of Cherry Street.[52]

The route would turn north under the east side of Berkeley Street through Corktown station at King Street. Between King and Queen Streets, the line would make a broad north-to-west curve to run west under Queen Street through Moss Park station (between Shuter and Sherbourne Streets), Queen station (at Yonge Street) and Osgoode station (at University Avenue). The line would continue westward to a Queen–Spadina station, then diagonally southwest via a King–Bathurst station to Strachan Avenue. The line would turn westward again, coming to the surface just west of Strachan Avenue on the north side of the railway corridor along Exhibition Place, before arriving at Exhibition station, its southwestern terminus.[53][54]

Maintenance and storage facility[edit]

Metrolinx media
image icon Plan of proposed OLMSF[dead link]

The Ontario Line maintenance and storage facility (OLMSF) will occupy a 17.5-hectare (43-acre) site north of Overlea Boulevard, between Beth Nealson Drive and the CP Rail North Toronto Corridor. It will be located near the future Thorncliffe Park station. The facility would store 200 trains and have a maximum capacity of 250.[51][55]

Construction of the MSF would require the demolition of an Islamic centre and a shopping plaza that includes local businesses such as the popular Iqbal Halal Foods grocery store, serving the primarily Muslim population of Thorncliffe Park. In December 2021, Metrolinx made a $49.5 million agreement with the Islamic Society of Toronto to move to a larger facility at 20 Overlea Boulevard. Metrolinx would help relocate businesses within Thorncliffe Park. However, Save TPARK, a neighbourhood group, opposed the proposed location of the MSF as an unwelcome encroachment on the neighbourhood; it wanted Metrolinx to choose another location and offer the community more affordable housing.[56]

Miscellaneous[edit]

In 2019, Metrolinx was considering a means to link Exhibition station to Ontario Place to the south. Options to provide the link included a people mover or cable cars.[50]

The Government of Ontario plans to use smaller train sets and a smaller gauge for the Ontario Line than those used on the Toronto subway system.[28] The City of Toronto's Relief Line proposal was expected to use existing heavy-rail rolling stock that is also used on Lines 1, 2, and 4.[23][57] By using driverless trains with automatic train control (ATC), Metrolinx expects the line to match the capacity of the existing heavy rail lines despite using smaller, lighter trains. In conjunction with ATC, stations will have platform-edge doors for safety, also allowing riders to exit and enter trains more quickly.[58] The government also claims the alternate technology will reduce construction time and cost, as single tunnels rather than dual tunnels could be utilized.[citation needed]

Most of the proposed stations on the Ontario Line will facilitate transfers between other forms of public transport, and the majority will provide transfers to other rail-based transportation (GO Transit, TTC subway and streetcar).

According to Metrolinx, the new line will do more than provide relief to overcrowding on Toronto's existing subway system: it will provide new connections to the communities of Flemingdon Park and Thorncliffe Park.[6]

The Ontario Line is expected to re-use Line 3 Scarborough's number and line colour of blue on maps and wayfinding.[10] The Scarborough line closed in July 2023, several years before the planned opening of the Ontario Line.[59][11]

Stations[edit]

The line will have 15 stations, with four connecting to other Toronto subway and light rail lines and two stations connecting to GO Transit rail services. Other stations have connections to Toronto Transit Commission streetcar and bus services. Station names and other details are subject to change.[51][48][53][54]

Planned Ontario Line stations (as of October 2020)[49]
Station Type Neighbourhood Connections Notes
Science Centre Elevated Flemingdon Park Eglinton Integrated with station under construction at Don Mills Road and Eglinton Avenue
Flemingdon Park Elevated Flemingdon Park West side of Don Mills Road north of Gateway Boulevard
Thorncliffe Park Elevated Thorncliffe Park On Overlea Boulevard over Thorncliffe Park Drive West
Cosburn Underground Old East York At Cosburn Avenue and Pape Avenue
Pape Underground Greektown Bloor–Danforth Integrated with an existing station at Pape and Danforth
Gerrard Elevated (railway embankment) Riverdale  506  Carlton Located at the intersection of Gerrard Street and Carlaw Avenue, along the Lakeshore East and Stouffville GO Transit rail corridors
Riverside–Leslieville Elevated (railway embankment) Located at the intersection of Queen Street East and GO Transit's Lakeshore East / Stouffville rail corridor
East Harbour Elevated (railway embankment)
  • Leslieville
  • South Riverdale
Located along GO Transit's Lakeshore East / Stouffville rail corridor between Eastern Avenue and the Don River
Corktown Underground Corktown  504  King At Berkeley Street and King Street East[29]
Moss Park[60] Underground  501  Queen Under Queen Street East between George Street and Sherbourne Street
Queen Underground Downtown Integrated with an existing station at Queen Street and Yonge Street
Osgoode Underground Downtown Integrated with an existing station at Queen Street West and University Avenue
Queen–Spadina Underground
At the intersection of Queen Street West and Spadina Avenue
King–Bathurst Underground Fashion District
At the intersection of King Street West and Bathurst Street
Exhibition Surface Liberty Village On the north side of the Lakeshore West railway corridor north of Exhibition Place

Science Centre[edit]

The Ontario Line will serve Science Centre station at Eglinton Avenue, providing a connection to Line 5 Eglinton. The elevated Ontario Line station will be along Don Mills Road at the northeast corner of its intersection with Eglinton Avenue. Passengers will be able to access rail services from either the station's southwest or northeast entrance as well as from the adjacent bus terminal. The station will have three levels, with the Line 5 platforms below street level, the bus terminal at street level and the Ontario Line platforms above street level. Escalators, elevators and interior corridors will be available to facilitate transfers. It will also have side platforms,[61] an unusual setup for rapid transit terminal stations in Toronto, which almost always feature centre platforms.

There will be tail tracks at the north end of the Ontario Line platforms extending north past Wynford Drive. These will be used to store trains and to provide for future northward expansion.[61]

Flemingdon Park[edit]

Flemingdon Park station will be located on the west side of Don Mills Road at the north side of its intersection with Gateway Boulevard. It will be constructed at the site of a parking lot. As of June 2021, Metrolinx had not indicated the location of entrances and exits for this station. However, this station will be closer to the Ontario Science Centre's main entrance than Science Centre station.[61]

Thorncliffe Park[edit]

Thorncliffe Park station will be located on the north side of Overlea Boulevard over Thorncliffe Park Drive. (Overlea Boulevard and Thorncliffe Park Drive intersect at two places within Thorncliffe Park. The station is at the western of the two intersections.) As of June 2021, Metrolinx has not indicated the location of entrances and exits for this station.[61]

Cosburn[edit]

Cosburn station will be located at Cosburn Avenue and have a centre platform. It will be located under the west side of Pape Avenue so as to avoid digging up Pape Avenue itself during construction. As of June 2021, Metrolinx had not indicated the location of entrances and exits for this station.[61] This station will serve Pape Village.

Pape[edit]

The Ontario Line will serve the existing Pape station, providing a connection to Line 2 Bloor–Danforth at Danforth Avenue. Running slightly east of Pape Avenue, the Ontario Line will have a centre platform under Line 2 at the station. Metrolinx expects the Ontario Line connection at Pape station will reduce rush-hour congestion at Bloor–Yonge station by 22 percent.[61] There are plans for an additional station entry directly from Danforth Avenue.[62]: 1:24:00  This station serves the Greektown neighbourhood.

Gerrard[edit]

Gerrard will be located diagonally over the intersection of Gerrard Street East and Carlaw Avenue west of the Gerrard Square shopping mall. A retail strip mall with a large No Frills supermarket will be demolished to make way for the station structure.[63]

The station structure will be separate from the parallel railway bridge and embankment. The Ontario Line station will have centre platforms and two entrances. One entrance will be on the east side of Carlaw Avenue north of Gerrard Street. A second entrance will be on the south side of Gerrard Street adjacent to Gerrard Carlaw Parkette.[52]

The station will serve the eastern end of East Chinatown and the western end of Little India.

Riverside–Leslieville[edit]

Originally named Leslieville, Riverside–Leslieville will be located on the railway bridge over Queen Street East on the boundary between the Riverside (west side) and Leslieville (east side) neighbourhoods. The elevated Ontario Line station will have a centre platform and two entrances. One entrance will be on the north side of Queen Street under the bridge. A second entrance will be on the south side of Queen Street at the west side of the railway embankment. The GO Transit rail corridor will be on the east side of the Ontario Line tracks, but there will be no GO Transit railway station here. Metrolinx plans to rebuild the bridge over Queen Street in order to have it rise 5 metres (16 ft) over street level instead of the current 3.9 metres (13 ft).[52]

East Harbour[edit]

East Harbour will be a transit hub connecting with GO Transit trains and will be located between Eastern Avenue and the Don River along GO Transit's Lakeshore East / Stouffville rail corridor. It is also a proposed station for SmartTrack service. There is also a future proposal to extend streetcar service south along Broadview Avenue into the Port Lands in the vicinity of East Harbour station. A transit-oriented development will be built near the station on former industrial land.[64]

East Harbour station will be built along the existing railway embankment. The station would have six tracks passing through it, two tracks for the Ontario Line on the northwest side of the railway embankment plus four tracks for GO trains on its southeast side. At East Harbour, there would be three platforms each serving a pair of tracks: one platform for Ontario Line trains, one for westbound GO trains and another for eastbound GO trains.[65][66]

Corktown[edit]

Corktown station will be located at the southeast corner of King and Berkeley Streets straddling the Corktown and Old Town neighbourhoods. There will be an emergency exit on the north side of Front Street, just east of Berkeley Street. The tunnel will be under the land on the east side of Berkeley Street. The two city blocks bounded by Berkeley, King and Parliament Streets, and north of Parliament Square Park will be razed for tunnel launch shafts. (Construction will not affect the park itself.) The southern city block is the site of the First Parliament, and Metrolinx will allow archeologists to examine the site for artifacts before it is destroyed by construction. Once the site is prepared, a tunnel-boring machine will launch north and west from the site while another launches south and east towards the Don Yard.[67][68]

Moss Park[edit]

Moss Park station will be located at the northwest corner of Queen and Sherbourne Streets next to the Moss Park Arena. At this point, the line will be under the southern edge of Moss Park (where the Moss Park Armoury is located), rather than under Queen Street. Only one entrance is planned, and plans for an emergency exit are not yet known.[67][68]

In February 2023, Metrolinx cut down 61 trees to prepare the station site for construction. The trees were about 70 years old at the time of removal.[69]

Queen[edit]

The line will serve the existing Queen station, providing a connection to Line 1 Yonge–University at Yonge Street. Running under Queen Street, it will cross under Line 1 at the station; the Lower Queen ghost station (a remnant of the never-completed Queen subway line) will be used for transferring between the two lines. Queen station already has seven entrances, including some in the Toronto Eaton Centre and at the Hudson's Bay Queen Street complex, and no additional entrances are planned.[53][67][68]

Because of the urban density near Queen station, in August 2021, Metrolinx proposed closing Queen Street to road traffic between Victoria and Bay Streets and to streetcar traffic between Church and York Streets for 4.5 years for station construction. Road access would still be available to access parking facilities and truck delivery areas. Pedestrian access would also be provided. Metrolinx would construct new eastbound streetcar tracks along York and Adelaide Streets. During the Queen Street closure, westbound 501 Queen streetcars would divert via Church, Richmond and York Streets while eastbound streetcars would divert via York, Adelaide and Church Streets. The diversions would use what would normally be non-revenue streetcar tracks.[70][71] However, this plan had to be delayed because of the discovery of utility conflicts in late 2022;[72] thus, the plan was revised to divert the 501 Queen streetcar via Dundas Street between Broadview Avenue and McCaul Street for ten months and to operate a bus replacement service to serve bypassed stops along Queen Street.[42]

Osgoode[edit]

The line will serve the existing Osgoode station, providing a connection to Line 1 Yonge–University. At University Avenue, the Ontario Line will run under Queen Street and cross under Line 1 at the station. The station will have two additional entrances. One entrance will be at the northeast corner of Queen Street and University Avenue. This will be in a corner of the gardens on the Osgoode Hall grounds. A second new entrance will be at the southwest corner of Queen and Simcoe Streets, one block west of University Avenue, where a bank building stands.[67][68] The façade of the bank building will be dismantled and preserved for use on the new station entrance building.[73]: 25 

In May 2022, Mayor John Tory and the Law Society of Ontario (co-owner of Osgoode Hall along with the Province of Ontario) objected to placing an entrance on a corner of the Osgoode Hall grounds as this would require the removal of a section of lawn, some urban tree cover and a section of a cast-iron fence. The city preferred that space be taken from the northbound lanes on University Avenue, but Metrolinx said building a shaft there would conflict with Line 1 running below.[74] A consultant's report, dated February 1, 2023, and commissioned by the City of Toronto, concluded that the corner of the Osgoode Hall grounds was the best site for a headhouse based on various criteria but that the Campbell House grounds was a potentially feasible alternative site.[75] On February 4, Metrolinx began work to remove eleven trees on the Osgoode Hall site but had to pause work due to court injunctions, one filed by the Law Society of Ontario and later another by the Haudenosaunee Development Institute, an Indigenous organization. On February 21, 2023, the Ontario Divisional Court dismissed the last injunction, allowing Metrolinx to proceed with removing the trees the next day.[76] The affected trees were planted during World War II.[77]

Queen–Spadina[edit]

Queen–Spadina station will be located directly under Queen Street West at its intersection with Spadina Avenue. Station entrances will be located at the southwest and northeast corners of the intersection. Ontario Line riders will be able to transfer to a 501 Queen or 510 Spadina streetcar at surface stops without having to fully cross a street. The station building design will feature heritage attributes by retaining the façade of buildings to be demolished for station construction.[78][79] This station will serve the Fashion District and the southern end of Chinatown.

King–Bathurst[edit]

King–Bathurst station will be located at the intersection of King Street West and Bathurst Street. The line will pass diagonally under the southeast corner of the intersection. Station entrances will be located at the northeast and southeast corners of the intersection. Connections to the 504 King and 511 Bathurst streetcars will be available on the surface.[78] The station building design will feature heritage attributes by retaining the façade of buildings to be demolished for station construction.[79] This station will serve the Fashion District.

Exhibition[edit]

Exhibition station will be located on the north side of Exhibition GO station along GO Transit's Lakeshore West rail corridor. There will be a shared concourse between the Ontario Line and GO Transit train services. A Metrolinx goal is to reduce congestion at Union Station by 14 percent by encouraging passengers to use the Ontario Line. Riders can also transfer to the 509 and 511 streetcars at Exhibition Loop.[78]

The portal to the tunnelled portion of the line will be just east of the station platforms. Tail tracks will extend west of the platforms to Dufferin Street for storing and turning back trains and a possible future extension. At Exhibition station, the Ontario Line will have separate arrival and departure platforms with the turnback switches being west of the platforms. There will be a substation at 153 Dufferin Street, opposite Dufferin Gate Loop.[79][80] A new station entrance will be built at 1 Atlantic Avenue to serve Liberty Village.[41]

Possible expansion plans[edit]

The Ontario Ministry of Transportation (MTO) released the Connecting the GGH: A Transportation Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe to provide a 30-year vision for enhanced mobility within and across the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH), including future expansion plans for the Ontario Line.[81] The MTO is planning a conceptual cross-regional rapid transit corridor that includes a "transit loop that connects the Ontario Line to new major transit hubs where regional services connect, including Pearson International Airport in Mississauga and Richmond Hill Centre, and to other subway and GO Rail lines". Titled the "Ontario Line Loop Connection", this conceptual corridor would be anchored around Pearson International Airport, downtown Toronto and Richmond Hill Centre, with an alignment from Pearson International Airport southeast to Kipling Station, then east to Exhibition GO Station (the western terminus of the original Ontario Line plans as announced by the Ontario government in April 2019), then operating on the planned Ontario Line alignment to the Ontario Science Centre (the eastern terminus of the original Ontario Line plans), then north to Richmond Hill Centre and west to Pearson International Airport along an undetermined route, to be implemented by 2051.[81]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The "relief" would be to overcrowding at Bloor–Yonge station and the Yonge Street section of Line 1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Metrolinx's Ontario Line, Toronto, Canada". Railway Technology. Archived from the original on May 18, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022. Metrolinx's Ontario line is a new, stand-alone, rapid transit line being proposed in Toronto
  2. ^ Feinstein, Clarrie (March 27, 2022). "The province breaks ground on Ontario Line subway". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022. ...which will one day be the subway line's first stop.
  3. ^ Draaisma, Muriel (March 27, 2022). "Ontario premier says construction underway on new Toronto subway line". CBC News. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022. The subway line is expected to be up and running by 2030
  4. ^ Journal, Tunnelling (December 10, 2021). "Bechtel wins Delivery Partner role on Toronto Ontario Line". The Tunnelling Journal. Archived from the original on January 28, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022. Bechtel, with sub-vendors Bantrel Co. and Comtech Group Inc, will provide resources, experience, and knowledge in preparation for the construction of the 15.6km (9.7 miles) rapid transit line through the city of Toronto, over half of which will be in tunnel. The Ontario Line will be the first new subway line project in 50 years...
  5. ^ a b c d "Ontario Line costs nearly double after awarding of latest contracts". Toronto Star. November 23, 2022. Archived from the original on November 24, 2022. Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c "Ontario Line – Projects". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  7. ^ a b Pelley, Lauren; Crawley, Mike (April 10, 2019). "Doug Ford commits $11.2B for 4 major GTA transit projects, including new 'Ontario Line'". CBC News. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  8. ^ "Premier Ford Unveils Transportation Vision: Ontario Announces $28.5 Billion to Get Ontario Moving". Government of Ontario. April 10, 2019. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019. Joined by Jeff Yurek, Minister of Transportation, and Monte McNaughton, Minister of Infrastructure, Ford announced a $28.5 billion expansion to Ontario's transit network. This is the most money ever invested to get shovels in the ground and get new subways built.
  9. ^ a b Callan, Isaac (March 27, 2022). "'Game changer': Ford, Tory break ground on Ontario line, vow to protect local businesses". Global News. Archived from the original on March 27, 2022. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Future TTC Rapid Transit Map – 2031 Projection" (PDF). ttc.ca. TTC. February 10, 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 29, 2022. Retrieved November 29, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Scarborough RT officially shut down: TTC". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on August 24, 2023. Retrieved August 24, 2023.
  12. ^ a b Alcoba, Natalie (March 23, 2012). "TTC chief: Subway expansion for downtown relief line has to be discussed 'right now'". National Post. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  13. ^ Moore, Oliver (July 27, 2017). "City proposes Queen Street route for Toronto's downtown relief line". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on October 6, 2022. Retrieved October 6, 2022.
  14. ^ "Potential Corridors". City of Toronto. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
  15. ^ "The Big Move" (PDF). Metrolinx. 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  16. ^ "Approved Changes to The Big Move" (PDF). Metrolinx. February 14, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  17. ^ Spurr, Ben; Pagliaro, Jennifer (June 26, 2016). "Mayor John Tory's transit priorities face financial, political challenge: analysis". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 28, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  18. ^ "Longtime subway relief line fantasy lurches closer to reality". thestar.com. January 17, 2019. Archived from the original on October 6, 2022. Retrieved October 6, 2022.
  19. ^ "The New "Ontario Line" – Better, Faster, Smarter". Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  20. ^ "Chapter 1, Section B: Putting People First". Government of Ontario. April 11, 2019. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  21. ^ Spurr, Ben (February 15, 2020). "How Ford's Ontario Line plan came together in just three months — with secrecy, a shifting route and a consultant". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  22. ^ Ferguson, Rob (April 11, 2019). "Ontario budget reveals locations for downtown relief line subway stations". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019. Fedeli's budget included a detailed list of stops for the 15-kilometre project, with stations at Flemingdon Park, Thorncliffe Park, Cosburn, Pape, Gerrard, Leslieville, East Harbour, Sumach, Sherbourne, Queen, Osgoode, Queen/Spadina and King/Bathurst, before the final terminus at Ontario Place/Exhibition.
  23. ^ a b Rider, David (April 12, 2019). "Ontario Place advocates wary of Doug Ford's transit plan". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2019. Complicating the question is the fact that the exact location of the "Ontario Place/Exhibition" station at the line's southern terminus is, for now, as mysterious as the rail technology proposed to power it.
  24. ^ Keenan, Edward (April 10, 2019). "Doug Ford's transit plan has good elements. But Ford himself is cause for skepticism". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019. Ford's relief line route – rebranded the "Ontario Line" here – is a significant improvement over the first-phase plan from Pape to Osgoode that the city has developed. While the western terminus at Ontario Place will do nothing to quell speculation he has plans to build a casino on the park site, stops in the west end in Liberty Village will be useful, and the Ontario Place/exhibition site has long suffered from less than ideal transit access.
  25. ^ a b Moore, Oliver (April 10, 2019). "Ontario unveils $28.5-billion transit plan, vows to double length of Toronto's downtown relief line". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019. The province said the relief line would be done as early as 2027. The timeline is contingent on factors including the upload of transit to the province. The announcement comes amid talks between the province and city on the Ontario government's plan to take over ownership of Toronto's subway network and control of expansion planning.
  26. ^ Gupta, Rahul (April 11, 2019). "Ford transit plan like 'Groundhog Day' for waterfront: Coun. Joe Cressy: Ontario Place must remain public, says Waterfront for All coalition member". Toronto.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019. Ontario Place has long been of interest to the premier dating back to his days as a Toronto city councillor. After his election win last year, Ford promised the tourist attraction will be revitalized, and his government refused to rule out a casino.
  27. ^ "What Are The Odds Of Casino Venue Operation At Ontario Place?". Casinos Canada. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Lilley, Brian (April 11, 2019). "Ford's transit plan takes Toronto forward". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  29. ^ a b Fox, Chris (July 23, 2019). "Ontario Line deviates from relief line more than previously thought: report". CTV News. Archived from the original on July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  30. ^ Spurr, Ben (October 16, 2019). "Mayor John Tory throws support behind Ontario Line as province drops subway upload". Toronto Star. Torstar. Archived from the original on October 17, 2019. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  31. ^ Freeman, Joshua (October 29, 2019). "Council votes to approve transit expansion deal with the province". CP24. Bell Media. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  32. ^ "Ontario Line Subway". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Archived from the original on December 4, 2022. Retrieved November 22, 2022.
  33. ^ a b "Requests for Qualifications Issued for Ontario Line". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Archived from the original on December 5, 2022. Retrieved November 22, 2022.
  34. ^ a b "Contract Awarded for Ontario Line RSSOM Package". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Archived from the original on November 24, 2022. Retrieved November 22, 2022.
  35. ^ a b "Contract Awarded for Ontario Line South Package". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Archived from the original on November 24, 2022. Retrieved November 22, 2022.
  36. ^ a b "Requests for Qualifications Issued for Ontario Line North". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Archived from the original on November 17, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2023.
  37. ^ "Agreement Signed for Ontario Line Pape Tunnel and Underground Stations". www.infrastructureontario.ca. Retrieved January 17, 2024.
  38. ^ "Agreement Signed for Ontario Line Elevated Guideway and Stations". Infrastructure Ontario. February 20, 2024. Retrieved February 20, 2024.
  39. ^ "Ontario Line Subway". Infrastructure Ontario. Archived from the original on May 6, 2023. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
  40. ^ a b Spurr, Ben (December 17, 2020). "GTA $11-billion Ontario Line may not open until 2030, three years later than Ford's initial promise". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 19, 2021. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  41. ^ a b "Exhibition & Corktown ready for future Ontario Line construction". Metrolinx. August 26, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2023.
  42. ^ a b c Harvey, Lex (April 29, 2023). "'All hands on deck': Toronto braces for a decade of traffic turmoil as Ontario Line work shuts city streets". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 30, 2023. Retrieved April 30, 2023.
  43. ^ Westoll, Nick (April 30, 2023). "Ontario Line forces 4.5-year partial closure of Queen Street, TTC launching 2-phase diversion". toronto.citynews.ca. Retrieved February 14, 2024.
  44. ^ Westoll, Nick (December 26, 2023). "Ontario Line tunnelling and station work to begin in 2024, new bridge opening at Exhibition". toronto.citynews.ca. Retrieved February 14, 2024.
  45. ^ a b c d e Spurr, Ben (July 25, 2019). "Experts cast doubt on deadline, budget in Ontario Line business case". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  46. ^ a b c d "Attachment 4 – Assessment of Ontario Line" (PDF). toronto.ca. City of Toronto. October 15, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 29, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  47. ^ "Toronto-Ontario Transit Update" (PDF). toronto.ca. City of Toronto. October 15, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 29, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  48. ^ a b c "Updated Ontario Line plans from the Don River to Gerrard: Maximizing space within the existing GO rail corridor". Metrolinx. September 29, 2020. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  49. ^ a b "Ontario Line Initial Business Case – July 2019" (PDF). Metrolinx. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 27, 2019. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  50. ^ a b Moore, Oliver (July 24, 2019). "'A greater potential for disruption': Confidential business case details plans for proposed Ontario Line subway project". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  51. ^ a b c d e "Updated plans for the Ontario Line's North segment: A better fit for the community". Metrolinx. October 6, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  52. ^ a b c "The Ontario Line – Neighbourhood Updates – East Segment". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  53. ^ a b c "Zooming in on Ontario Line plans from Osgoode to the Don River – Delivering a line below Toronto's Queen Street that's been anticipated for more than a century". Metrolinx. September 23, 2020. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  54. ^ a b "Zooming in on Ontario Line plans from Exhibition to Spadina: Travel time savings and heritage protections". Metrolinx. September 17, 2020. Archived from the original on September 18, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  55. ^ "East York site selected for Ontario Line maintenance and storage facility". Metrolinx. April 8, 2021. Archived from the original on April 10, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  56. ^ Spurr, Ben (December 14, 2021). "Metrolinx signs $50M deal for new Thorncliffe Park Islamic centre amid opposition to Ontario Line rail yard". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 2, 2022. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  57. ^ Jackson-Kelso, Rhianna; Bensadoun, Emerald (April 10, 2019). "How Doug Ford's $28.5-billion transit overhaul compares with Toronto's existing plans". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019. Under the city's plan, the downtown relief line would run 7.4 kilometres connecting Queen and Osgoode stations to Pape station. The latest estimates had put the cost of the line at $7.2 billion. The project had a tentative completion date of 2029 following a recently approved plan to spend $325 million over two years finish more quickly. The environmental assessment for the city's version of the project, one of the final steps before the construction phase, was completed last October.
  58. ^ "Ontario Line: A world of role models available for subway planners". Metrolinx. September 17, 2019. Archived from the original on November 24, 2021.
  59. ^ Westoll, Nick (August 24, 2023). "TTC confirms Line 3 Scarborough RT will permanently shut down on Nov. 19". CityNews. Rogers Media. Archived from the original on August 24, 2023. Retrieved August 24, 2023.
  60. ^ "Notice of Completion – Notice of Completion of Environmental Project Report Relief Line South, City of Toronto and Metrolinx Transit Project Assessment Process". Relief Line. City of Toronto. August 14, 2018. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  61. ^ a b c d e f "The Ontario Line – Neighbourhood Updates – North Segment". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
  62. ^ "The Ontario Line (North) - LIVE Meeting". Metrolinx. June 30, 2021. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  63. ^ "People worried about the loss of a No Frills to new Toronto subway station". Archived from the original on December 14, 2022. Retrieved December 14, 2022.
  64. ^ Benzie, Robert (April 12, 2021). "Province plans new transit hub for Ontario Line, including a 'Union Station to the east'". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 12, 2021. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  65. ^ "Refined Ontario Line plans will better serve communities of Riverside, Leslieville". Metrolinx. April 6, 2021. Archived from the original on April 7, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  66. ^ Munro, Steve (April 6, 2021). "Ontario Line Design Changes Again (2)". Steve Munro. Archived from the original on April 7, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  67. ^ a b c d "The Ontario Line – Neighbourhood Updates – Downtown". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  68. ^ a b c d Munro, Steve (June 17, 2021). "Ontario Line Downtown Segment Update". Steve Munro. Archived from the original on June 18, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  69. ^ "'I hope lessons will be learned from this': Moss Park mourns the loss of 61 trees cut down by Metrolinx". Toronto Star. February 6, 2023. Archived from the original on February 7, 2023. Retrieved February 7, 2023.
  70. ^ Spurr, Ben (August 17, 2021). "Key downtown stretch of Queen St. could close for nearly five years for Ontario Line construction". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  71. ^ "Metrolinx releases detour plans to keep people moving during Ontario Line Queen Street construction". Metrolinx. August 17, 2021. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  72. ^ "Transit Network Expansion Update" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. February 28, 2023. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 25, 2023.
  73. ^ "Ontario Line Downtown Stations – Temporary Road Closures and Community Impacts" (PDF). City of Toronto. November 23, 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  74. ^ Spurr, Ben (May 31, 2022). "'Hands off Osgoode Hall,' Mayor John Tory warns Metrolinx over proposal to tear up historic site for new Ontario Line station". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 1, 2022. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  75. ^ "Ontario Line Osgoode Station - Station Headhouse Location Review" (PDF). City of Toronto / Parsons. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 7, 2023. Retrieved February 8, 2023.
  76. ^ "Osgoode Hall trees can come down; Court refuses to hear Indigenous group's appeal". Toronto Star. February 21, 2023. Archived from the original on February 24, 2023. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
  77. ^ "Metrolinx ordered to halt tree removal, once again, at Osgoode Hall". Toronto Star. February 11, 2023. Archived from the original on February 12, 2023. Retrieved February 12, 2023.
  78. ^ a b c "The Ontario Line – Neighbourhood Updates – West". Metrolinx. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  79. ^ a b c "Ontario Line station footprints from Exhibition to Queen and Spadina reveal quick connections to major transit lines". Metrolinx. August 10, 2021. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  80. ^ Munro, Steve (June 11, 2021). "Ontario Line West Segment Update". Steve Munro. Archived from the original on June 12, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  81. ^ a b "Connecting the GGH: A Transportation Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe". ontario.ca. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2022.

External links[edit]