Ministry of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry

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Ministry of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry
Ministère des Richesses naturelles et des Forêts  (French)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Offices - Peterborough.jpg
The ministry's headquarters at
Robinson Place in Peterborough
Ministry overview
Formed1972
JurisdictionGovernment of Ontario
HeadquartersPeterborough, Ontario
Ministers responsible
  • Greg Rickford, Minister of Natural Resources and Forestry
  • Mike Harris Jr., Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Natural Resources and Forestry
Websiteontario.ca/natural-resources

The Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry is a government ministry of the Canadian province of Ontario that is responsible for Ontario's provincial parks, forests, fisheries, wildlife, mineral aggregates and the Crown lands and waters that make up 87 per cent of the province. Its offices are divided into Northwestern, Northeastern and Southern Ontario regions with the main headquarters in Peterborough, Ontario.[1] The current minister is Greg Rickford.

In 2021, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry again merged with the Ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines to form the Ministry of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry, while the Ministry of Energy became a separate ministry.[2]

History[edit]

The first government office charge with responsibility of crown land management in modern-day Ontario was the Office of the Surveyor-General of the Northern District of North America, created in 1763[3] and initially headed by Samuel Holland. Holland was initially appointed Surveyor General of Quebec, but offered to assume the larger responsibility at no increase in salary.[4] In 1791, Upper and Lower Canada were created via the Constitutional Act 1791. Holland continued to serve as Surveyor General for both, but openly advocated that they should be separate posts.[4]: 14 

In 1792, David William Smith was named by Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe to be acting Surveyor General of Upper Canada (against Holland's advice to appoint William Chewett as his replacement), Smith and was subsequently officially appointed to the position in 1798 and held the office until his resignation in 1804.[4]: 14  The previously overlooked Chewett and Thomas Ridout were appointed to the position jointly in the interim. In 1805, Charles Burton Wyatt was appointed (along with Joseph Bouchette[5]) but was suspended in 1807. Ridout was named to the office in 1807 and held the position until 1829.[4]: 15 

The Office of the Commissioner of Crown Lands for Upper Canada was established in 1827.[6] By the 1840s, however, the crown lands department had been established over which the Commissioner presided, and by 1860, this was renamed the Department of Crown Lands. The primary responsibility of the department was the sale and management of public lands and the granting of land to settlers. Between 1827 and 1867, the responsibilities of the department expanded to include the duties of the Surveyor General (in 1845), as well as those of the Surveyor General of Woods and Forests (in 1852). By 1867, the Department had responsibility over mines, fisheries, ordnance lands, colonization roads, and Indian affairs, as well.[7]

In 1867, the Department of Crown Lands for the Province of Canada was replaced with the Department of Crown Lands for Ontario. Ordnance lands, Indian affairs and fisheries were, however, transferred to the federal government in 1867. In 1900, the department also acquired responsibility over immigration and colonization.[8]

In 1905, legislation was passed which renamed the Commissioner of Crown Lands to the Minister of Lands and Mines. With this change, the department was renamed the Department of Lands and Mines. At this time, responsibilities for forestry were transferred to the Department of Agriculture.[9] In 1906, the department was renamed the Department of Lands, Forests and Mines, resuming responsibilities for forestry.[10] It also resumed responsibilities for immigration and colonization between 1916 and 1920.[11]

In 1920, the department was renamed Department of Lands and Forests when a separate Department of Mines was established.[12] Responsibilities for immigration and colonization were also transferred back to the Department of Agriculture.[11]

The department existed until 1972, when it amalgamated with the Department of Mines and Northern Affairs to form the Ministry of Natural Resources.[13] The ministry was responsible for northern affairs until 1977, and for mines until 1985.[14] It was again merged briefly between 1995 and 1997 with Northern Development and Mines to form a single Ministry of Natural Resources, Northern Development and Mines.

In 2014 the ministry was renamed the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, but responsibilities did not change.[15]

In June 2021, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry once again merged with the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines to form the Ministry of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry.

List of Ministers (Commissioners prior to 1905)[edit]

Name Term of office Name Term of office Political party
(Ministry)
Note
Commissioner of Crown Lands
Stephen Richards July 16, 1867 July 25, 1871 Liberal
Conservative

(MacDonald)
Matthew Crooks Cameron July 25, 1871 December 21, 1871
Richard William Scott December 21, 1871 October 25, 1872 Liberal
(Blake)
October 25, 1872 December 4, 1873 Liberal
(Mowat)
Timothy Blair Pardee December 4, 1873 January 18, 1889 Resigned due to poor health, subsequently died on July 21, 1889.
Arthur Sturgis Hardy January 18, 1889 July 21, 1896
John Morison Gibson July 21, 1896 October 21, 1899 Liberal
(Hardy)
Elihu Davis October 21, 1899 November 22, 1904 Liberal
(Ross)
Alexander Grant MacKay November 22, 1904 February 8, 1905
James Joseph Foy February 8, 1905 May 30, 1905 Conservative
(Whitney)
Minister of Lands and Mines
Francis Cochrane May 30, 1905 April 27, 1906
Minister of Lands, Forests and Mines
Francis Cochrane April 27, 1906 October 12, 1911
William Howard Hearst October 12, 1911 October 2, 1914
October 2, 1914 December 22, 1914 Conservative
(Hearst)
While Premier
Howard Ferguson December 22, 1914 November 14, 1919
Minister of Lands and Forests Minister of Mines United Farmers
(Drury)
Beniah Bowman November 14, 1919 July 16, 1923 Harry Mills June 26, 1920 July 16, 1923
James W. Lyons July 16, 1923 March 1, 1926 Charles McCrea July 16, 1923 December 15, 1930 Conservative
(Ferguson)
Howard Ferguson March 2, 1926 October 18, 1926
William Finlayson October 18, 1926 December 15, 1930
December 15, 1930 July 10, 1934 December 15, 1930 July 10, 1934 Conservative
(Henry)
Peter Heenan July 10, 1934 May 27, 1941 Paul Leduc July 10, 1934 September 30, 1940 Liberal
(Hepburn)
Robert Laurier October 7, 1940 October 21, 1942
Norman Otto Hipel May 27, 1941 October 21, 1942 Hipel was concurrently Provincial Secretary and Registrar (October 27, 1942 – May 18, 1943)
October 21, 1942 May 18, 1943 October 21, 1942 May 18, 1943 Liberal
(Conant)
May 18, 1943 August 17, 1943 October 21, 1942 May 18, 1943 Liberal
(Nixon)
Wesley Gardiner Thompson August 17, 1943 November 28, 1946 Leslie Frost August 17, 1943 October 19, 1948 PC
(Drew)
Harold Robinson Scott November 28, 1946 October 19, 1948
October 19, 1948 May 4, 1949 October 19, 1948 May 4, 1949 PC
(Kennedy)
May 4, 1949 June 3, 1952 Welland Gemmell May 4, 1949 June 3, 1952 PC
(Frost)
Welland Gemmell June 3, 1952 June 18, 1954 Philip Kelly June 3, 1952 July 18, 1957 Gemmell died in office
Clare Mapledoram July 7, 1954 July 4, 1958
Wilf Spooner July 18, 1957 December 22, 1958
Wilf Spooner July 23, 1958 November 8, 1961 James Anthony Maloney December 22, 1958 October 1, 1961
November 8, 1961 October 25, 1962 George Wardrope November 8, 1961 November 23, 1967 PC
(Robarts)
Kelso Roberts October 25, 1962 November 24, 1966
René Brunelle November 24, 1966 March 1, 1971
René Brunelle November 23, 1967 February 13, 1968
Allan Lawrence February 13, 1968 June 26, 1970
Minister of Mines and Northern Affairs
Allan Lawrence June 26, 1970 March 1, 1971
March 1, 1971 February 2, 1972 Leo Bernier March 1, 1971 April 2, 1972 PC
(Davis)
Leo Bernier February 2, 1972 April 7, 1972
Minister of Natural Resources
Leo Bernier April 7, 1972 February 3, 1977
Minister of Natural Resources Minister of Northern Affairs
Frank Miller February 3, 1977 August 18, 1978 Leo Bernier February 3, 1977 June 26, 1985
James Auld August 18, 1978 April 10, 1981 Auld was concurrently Minister of Energy
Alan Pope April 10, 1981 February 8, 1985
Mike Harris February 8, 1985 June 26, 1985 PC
(Miller)
Harris was concurrently Minister of Energy from May 17, 1985 onward
Vince Kerrio June 26, 1985 August 2, 1989 René Fontaine June 26, 1985 June 26, 1986 Liberal
(Peterson)
Kerrio was concurrently Minister of Energy until September 29, 1987
Peterson was minister while Premier
Conway was concurrently Government House Leader
René Fontaine held the separate title of Minister of Northern Development from September 29, 1987 onward
McLeod was concurrently Minister of Energy
David Peterson June 26, 1986 September 29, 1987
Sean Conway September 29, 1987 August 2, 1989
Lyn McLeod August 2, 1989 October 1, 1990 Hugh O'Neil August 2, 1989 October 1, 1990
Bud Wildman October 1, 1990 February 3, 1993 Gilles Pouliot October 1, 1990 July 31, 1991 NDP
(Rae)
Wildman was concurrently Minister Responsible for Native Affairs
Shelley Martel held the separate title of Minister of Northern Development from October 1, 1990 to July 31, 1991
Shelley Martel July 31, 1991 October 7, 1994
Howard Hampton February 3, 1993 June 26, 1995 Hampton was concurrently Minister Responsible for Native Affairs
Gilles Pouliot October 7, 1994 June 26, 1995
Minister of Natural Resources, Northern Development and Mines PC
(Harris)
Chris Hodgson June 26, 1995 October 10, 1997
Minister of Natural Resources Ministry of Northern Development and Mines
John Snobelen October 10, 1997 April 14, 2002 Chris Hodgson October 10, 1997 June 17, 1999 Hodgson was concurrently Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet
Tim Hudak June 2, 1999 March 8, 2001
Dan Newman February 8, 2001 April 14, 2002
Jerry Ouellette April 15, 2002 October 22, 2003 Jim Wilson April 15, 2002 October 22, 2003 PC
(Eves)
David Ramsay October 23, 2003 October 30, 2007 Rick Bartolucci October 23, 2003 October 30, 2007 Liberal
(McGuinty)
Concurrently Minister Responsible for Aboriginal Affairs (June 29, 2005 – June 21, 2007), Minister of Aboriginal Affairs (June 21, 2007 – October 30, 2007)
Donna Cansfield October 30, 2007 January 18, 2010 Michael Gravelle October 30, 2007 October 20, 2011 Gravelle was styled as Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry between June 24, 2009 and October 20, 2011
Linda Jeffrey January 18, 2010 October 20, 2011
Michael Gravelle October 20, 2011 February 11, 2013 Rick Bartolucci October 20, 2011 February 11, 2013 Bartolucci was concurrently Chair of Cabinet
David Orazietti February 11, 2013 June 24, 2014 Michael Gravelle February 11, 2013 June 29, 2018 Liberal
(Wynne)
Minister of Natural Resources and Forestry
Bill Mauro June 24, 2014 June 13, 2016
Kathryn McGarry June 13, 2016 January 17, 2018
Nathalie Des Rosiers January 17, 2018 June 29, 2018
Jeff Yurek June 29, 2018 November 5, 2018 Greg Rickford June 29, 2018 June 18, 2021 PC
(Ford)
Rickford was styled Minister of Energy, Northern Development and Mines and was concurrently Minister of Indigenous Affairs
John Yakabuski November 5, 2018 June 18, 2021
Minister of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry
Greg Rickford June 18, 2021 incumbent Concurrently Minister of Indigenous Affairs

Organization[edit]

MNRF is organized into divisions; within each division are branches/regions, sections, and units.[16]

Divisions
  • Regional Operations Division
  • Provincial Services Division
  • Policy Division
  • Corporate Management and Information Division

Responsibilities[edit]

The Ministry is responsible for:

  • Fish & Wildlife Management – sustainably managing Ontario's fish and wildlife resources.[citation needed]
  • Land & Waters Management – leading the management of Ontario's Crown lands, water, oil, gas, salt and aggregates resources, including making Crown land available for renewable energy projects.[citation needed]
  • Forest Management – ensuring the sustainable management of Ontario's Crown forests.[citation needed]
  • Ontario Parks – guiding the management of Ontario's parks and protected areas.[citation needed]
  • Forest Fire, Flood and Drought Protection - protecting people, property and communities from related emergencies.[citation needed]
  • Geographic Information – developing and applying geographic information to help manage the province's natural resources.[citation needed]

The ministry also has responsibility for the Office of the Mining & Lands Commissioner and the Niagara Escarpment Commission agencies.[citation needed]

Ontario Parks[edit]

Ontario Parks protects significant natural and cultural resources in a system of parks and protected areas.[citation needed]

Aviation, Forest Fire and Emergency Services[edit]

The Ministry's Aviation, Forest Fire and Emergency Services (AFFES) program coordinates forest fire detection, monitoring, suppression and public information and education services for Ontario. AFFES also provides aviation services for the Ontario government and leads emergency management planning and response for natural hazards such as forest fires, floods, erosion, dam failures, unstable soils and bedrock, droughts and oil and gas emergencies.[citation needed]

The Ministry's entrance into the field of aviation started with hiring Laurentide Air Services to carry out fire patrols however the government soon realized it could save money by carrying out the operations itself and formed the Ontario Provincial Air Service, (O.P.A.S.) in February 1924 with 13 second hand Curtiss HS-2L flying boats that had been originally built for the US Navy. The OPAS was an early pioneer in the use of aircraft for the discovery and extinguishing of forest fires. Initially this involved carrying warnings of fires back to existing fire patrols, to be extinguished by teams that travelled by canoe or overland but soon they began landing firefighters (never more than a few at a time due to the limited carrying capacity of the aircraft available) with a hand-operated water pump near a fire. As a part of this program the OPAS completely rebuilt damaged aircraft before they began building a number of aircraft under license to meet their requirements such as the Buhl Air Sedan, and later provided considerable input on the development of the de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver and de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter and finally were central to the invention of the water bomber. The first water bomber was an OPAS DHC Beaver with a tank mounted on the float designed to dump the water out quickly. This had followed unsuccessful experiments with bags of water.[17]

Current AFFES Airfleet
Retired[20]

Aircraft on display[edit]

OMNR Image Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry | Ontario.ca".
  2. ^ www.ontario.ca https://www.ontario.ca/page/ministries. Retrieved 2021-06-20. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "History of the Office of the Surveyor General - Science and Information Resources Division - Ministry of Natural Resources, Government of Ontario". Mnr.gov.on.ca. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
  4. ^ a b c d Ballantyne, Dr. Brian (2010). Surveys, Parcels and Tenure on Canada Lands (PDF). Natural Resources Canada. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-100-17563-8.
  5. ^ http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/bouchette_joseph_7E.html
  6. ^ Alexander Fraser (1903). First Report of the Bureau of Archives for the Province of Ontario. I. Toronto: L.K. Cameron, King's Printer. pp. 19–25.
  7. ^ Bishop, Olga Bernice (1984). Publications of the Province of Upper Canada and of Great Britain: Relating to Upper Canada, 1791-1840. Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Culture. ISBN 978-0774389310.
  8. ^ Bishop, Olga Bernice (1976). Publications of the Government of Ontario, 1867-1900. Ontario Ministry of Government Services. ISBN 978-1341908729.
  9. ^ "Act to Amend the Act respecting the Executive Council". Chapter 5, Statutes of Ontario of 1905.
  10. ^ "An Act respecting the Department of Lands, Forests and Mines". Chapter 10, Statutes of Ontario of 1906.
  11. ^ a b MacTaggart, Hazel I (1964). Publications of the Government of Ontario, 1901-1955. Queen's Printer of Ontario.
  12. ^ "Department of Mines Act". Chapter 12, Statutes of Ontario of 1920.
  13. ^ "The Ministry of Natural Resources Act". Chapter 4, Statutes of Ontario of 1972.
  14. ^ Government of Ontario Telephone Directories, 1972-1996
  15. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/ontario-ministry-of-natural-resources-adds-forestry-to-its-title-1.2706127
  16. ^ "Organization Chart for Ministry of Natural Resources - Communications Services Branch - Ontario Government, Ministry of Natural Resources". Mnr.gov.on.ca. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
  17. ^ West, Bruce. Firebirds. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Queen's Printer, 1974.
  18. ^ "Current Fleet - Aviation and Forest Fire Management - Government of Ontario, Ministry of Natural Resources". Mnr.gov.on.ca. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2013-07-03.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Transport Canada (2 July 2013). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  20. ^ Government of Ontario (2008). "History of the Air Service". Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  21. ^ Canadian Bushplane Heritage Centre (n.d.). "de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver". Archived from the original on 2010-09-18. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

External links[edit]