Ontario general election, 1894

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Ontario general election, 1894

← 1890 June 26, 1894 1898 →

94 seats in the 8th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
48 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Oliver Mowat.jpg William Ralph Meredith.png
Leader Oliver Mowat William Ralph Meredith
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 1872 1879
Leader's seat Oxford North London
Last election 53 34
Seats won 45 23
Seat change -8 -9

Premier before election

Oliver Mowat


Oliver Mowat

The Ontario general election, 1894 was the eighth general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 26, 1894, to elect the 94 Members of the 8th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").

The main issues were the Liberals' "Ontario System", as well as French language schools, farmer interests, support for Toronto business, woman suffrage, the temperance movement, and the demands of labour unions.[1]

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by Oliver Mowat, formed the government for the seventh consecutive parliament, even though some of its members were elected under joint banners: either with the Patrons of Industry or the Protestant Protective Association.

The Ontario Conservative Party, led by William Ralph Meredith, formed the official opposition.

The Patrons of Industry, a farmers' organization formed in 1890, cooperated with the urban labour movement to address the political frustrations of both groups with big business. Sixteen members of the Legislative Assembly were elected with Patrons of Industry support—12 Liberals, one Conservative, and three who ran only under the "Patrons of Industry" banner.

The Protestant Protective Association (PPA) was an anti-Catholic group, associated with the Orange Order. It campaigned against the rights of Catholics and French-Canadians, and argued that Roman Catholics were attempting to take over Ontario. Nine candidates were elected with PPA support, 6 Conservatives, 1 Liberal and 2 who ran only under the PPA banner. The PPA worked most closely with the Conservative opposition.


  Party Leader 1890 Elected % change
  Liberal Oliver Mowat 53 45 -15.1%
  Liberal-Patron   * 12 *
  Liberal-P.P.A.   * 1 *
  Liberal-Equal Rights   2 -  
  Conservative William Ralph Meredith 34 23 -32.4%
  ConservativeP.P.A.   * 6 *
  Conservative-Patron   * 1 *
  Conservative-Equal Rights   2 - -
  Patrons of Industry   * 3 *
  Protestant Protective   * 2 *
  Independent   1 1 -
Total Seats 91 94 +3.3%

Note: * Party did not nominate candidates in previous election

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Janet B. Kerr, "Sir Oliver Mowat and the Campaign of 1894," Ontario History, March 1963, Vol. 55 Issue 1, pp 1-13