|Amazonian royal flycatcher at Apiacás, Mato Grosso state, Brasil|
Fischer von Waldheim, 1810
The royal flycatchers are a genus, Onychorhynchus, of passerine birds in the family Tityridae family according to the IOC. Other taxonomic authorities including the AOU, Clements, and the IUCN, include it in Tyrannidae. Depending on authority, it includes a single widespread, or four more localized species. The specific epithet of the type species, coronatus, and the common name of all the species in this genus, royal flycatcher, refer to the striking, colourful crest, which is seen displayed very rarely, except after mating, while preening, in courtship as well as being handled.
The genus contains four species:
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Onychorhynchus coronatus||Amazonian royal flycatcher||Amazon basin in northern Bolivia, eastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, eastern Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern and western Brazil|
|Onychorhynchus mexicanus||Northern royal flycatcher||Mexico, south through most of Central America, to north-western Colombia and far western Venezuela|
|Onychorhynchus occidentalis||Pacific royal flycatcher||Western Ecuador and far north-western Peru|
|Onychorhynchus swainsoni||Atlantic royal flycatcher||Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil|
- John H. Boyd III (September 28, 2011). "TYRANNIDA: Pipridae, Cotingidae, Tityridae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Cotingas, manakins, tityras & becards". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- Ridgely, Robert and John A. Gwynne Jr. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691025126.