Royal flycatcher

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Royal flycatcher
Onychorhynchus coronatus - Amazonian Royal Flycatcher.JPG
Amazonian royal flycatcher at Apiacás, Mato Grosso state, Brasil
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tityridae
Genus: Onychorhynchus
Fischer von Waldheim, 1810

The royal flycatchers are a genus, Onychorhynchus, of passerine birds in the family Tityridae[1][2] family according to the IOC. Other taxonomic authorities including the AOU, Clements, and the IUCN, include it in Tyrannidae. Depending on authority, it includes a single widespread,[1] or four more localized species.[2] The specific epithet of the type species, coronatus, and the common name of all the species in this genus, royal flycatcher, refer to the striking, colourful crest,[3] which is seen displayed very rarely,[3] except after mating, while preening, in courtship as well as being handled.[3]

The genus contains four species:[2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Onychorhynchus coronatus - Amazonian Royal Flycatcher.JPG Onychorhynchus coronatus Amazonian royal flycatcher Amazon basin in northern Bolivia, eastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, eastern Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern and western Brazil
Royal Flycatcher - Rio Tigre - Costa Rica S4E9879 (26631231311).jpg Onychorhynchus mexicanus Northern royal flycatcher Mexico, south through most of Central America, to north-western Colombia and far western Venezuela
Onychorhynchus occidentalis Pacific royal flycatcher Western Ecuador and far north-western Peru
Onychorhynchus swainsoni - Atlantic Royal Flycatcher 02.jpg Onychorhynchus swainsoni Atlantic royal flycatcher Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b John H. Boyd III (September 28, 2011). "TYRANNIDA: Pipridae, Cotingidae, Tityridae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Cotingas, manakins, tityras & becards". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Ridgely, Robert and John A. Gwynne Jr. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691025126.