Oosterbeek

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Oosterbeek
Coordinates: 51°59′5″N 5°50′40″E / 51.98472°N 5.84444°E / 51.98472; 5.84444
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Municipality Renkum
Population (1 January 2008) 11.138[1]
Location of municipality Renkum in the Netherlands

Oosterbeek is a village in the eastern Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Renkum, Gelderland, about 5 km west of Arnhem.

The oldest part of the village of Oosterbeek is the Benedendorp (Lower Village), on the northern bank of the river, the Lower Rhine which is a branch of the Rhine.[2] In the village, there is a church now known as the Hervormde Kerk (Reformed Church) that has parts which date back to the second half of the 10th century.

In the 19th century, several mansions were built on the higher ground to the north of the old village, such as De Hemelse Berg which was destroyed in 1944, and Hartenstein. The construction of smaller buildings in the same area eventually led to the Bovendorp (Upper Village).

Today, Oosterbeek is probably best known for being involved in and heavily damaged during the September 1944 Battle of Arnhem. General Urquhart had his headquarters in the aforementioned Hartenstein, which is now home to the Airborne Museum. To the north of the built-up area, lies the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery.

Oosterbeek is also the location of the Hotel de Bilderberg where the Bilderberg Group first met in 1954.

Oosterbeek was a separate municipality until 1818, when the area was divided between Doorwerth and Renkum.[3]

Oosterbeek School[edit]

Willem Roelofs (1867): Landscape with cattle in Oosterbeek (Gelderland province) - Amsterdam Museum.

Osterbeek school has become particularly well known. Historically, this is the place where Dutch Impressionism had its origin. The art colony must be seen in the context with the place of Wolfheze.[4] The life of the artists took place between those two locations. Art historians call this the Barbizon of the North. The most successful time was from 1841 until 1870, before they turned to Laren,[5] Kortenhoef,[6] Egmond aan Zee,[7] Katwijk aan Zee,[8] Scheveningen or Noordwijk.[9] There they founded new art colonies or painters' villages. Dutch Impressionism lived on in these new locations and continued to develop.

Important names are Gerard Bilders, Paul Gabriël, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jacob Maris, Matthijs Maris, Willem Maris, Anton Mauve, Hendrik Mesdag, Willem Roelofs, Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch.

During this time they founded the Pulchri Studio at The Hague and led this painting colony into the well known 2nd Golden Age of Dutch painting. Thus they became the forerunners of the later following art movement of Modern art in the Netherlands.

Transport[edit]

Oosterbeek has a railway station which was started on 16 May 1845. It is on the Amsterdam–Arnhem railway (Rhijnspoorweg). Outside the station is a bus stop which operates through Het Duifje to Arnhem.

Airborne March[edit]

Every first Saturday of September, the commemorative event Airborne March is held. The event started in 1947 and hosts thousands of people who walk in the distances 10 kilometers, 15 kilometers and 25 kilometers, individually or in groups. Since the early years of the twenty-first century, individuals can also walk the 40 kilometer distance.[10]

Well-known people[edit]

Football trainer Ronald Koeman (Photo by Paul Blank) used to live in Oosterbeek

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cijfers Gemeente Renkum
  2. ^ Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 268–271. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.
  4. ^ Wolfheze is away nearly 5 km.
  5. ^ This colony is known under the name of Laren School.
  6. ^ This colony is known under the name of Kortenhoef School.
  7. ^ This colony is known under the name of Egmond School.
  8. ^ This colony is known under the name of Katwijk School.
  9. ^ Artists came over from The Hague or Katwijk for painting.
  10. ^ (Dutch)Website of the Airborne March

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°59′N 5°51′E / 51.983°N 5.850°E / 51.983; 5.850