|Population (1 January 2008)||11.138|
The oldest part of Oosterbeek is the Benedendorp (Lower Village), on the northern bank of the Lower Rhine. One landmark in the village is the Hervormde Kerk (Reformed Church), which has certain architectural sections that date back to the second half of the 10th century.
Oosterbeek was a separate municipality until 1818, when the area was divided between Doorwerth and the village of Renkum. In the 19th century, several mansions were built on the higher ground to the north of the old village. One of these mansions, called De Hemelse Berg, was destroyed in 1944. Another, called Hartenstein, is now home to the Airborne Museum. The construction of smaller buildings in the same area led to the creation of the Bovendorp (Upper Village). To the north of the built-up area lies the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery.
The Oosterbeek School is known as the birthplace of Dutch Impressionism, along with the nearby village of Wolfheze. Art historians call this the Barbizon of the North. The school's most successful period was from 1841 until 1870, before the artists turned to Laren, Kortenhoef, Egmond aan Zee, Katwijk aan Zee, Scheveningen, and Noordwijk, where they founded new art colonies or painters' villages. During this time, they established the Pulchri Studio in The Hague and opened the second Golden Age of Dutch painting. Consequently, they became the forerunners of the Modern art movement in the Netherlands.
Artists who were part of the movement near Oosterbeek include Gerard Bilders, Paul Gabriël, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jacob Maris, Matthijs Maris, Willem Maris, Anton Mauve, Hendrik Mesdag, Willem Roelofs, and Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch.
The commemorative Airborne March is held in Oosterbeek every year on the first Saturday of September. The event started in 1947 and involves thousands of people, who walk 10 kilometers, 15 kilometers, or 25 kilometers. A 40-kilometer distance was added in the early 21st century.
- Eric Corton (1969), singer, actor, and presenter
- Albertino Essers (1969), darts player
- Esmée Denters (1988), singer
- Ronald Koeman (1969), ex-footballer and current coach of Southampton
- Jan Beelaerts van Blokland (1909–2005), soldier and member of the Dutch resistance
- Jette van der Meij (1954), actress
- Cijfers Gemeente Renkum
- "Renkum (Municipality, Gelderland, Netherlands) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 268–271. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
- Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.
- Wolfheze is away nearly 5 km.
- This colony is known under the name of Laren School.
- This colony is known under the name of Kortenhoef School.
- This colony is known under the name of Egmond School.
- This colony is known under the name of Katwijk School.
- Artists came over from The Hague or Katwijk for painting.
- (Dutch)Website of the Airborne March