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Opština, Općina, Občina, Obshtina or Obshchina, Cyrillic: општина, опћина or община, is a local government unit, most commonly translated as municipality in English. It is used by the following countries:

Country Singular Dual Plural related article
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina opština / општина, općina / опћина   opštine / општине, općine / опћине municipalities of Bosnia and Herzegovina (3rd level in FB&H, 2nd level in RS)
Bulgaria Bulgaria община (obshtina)   общини (obshtini) municipalities of Bulgaria (2nd level)
Croatia Croatia općina   općine municipalities of Croatia (2nd level)
North Macedonia North Macedonia општина (opština)   oпштини (opštini) municipalities of North Macedonia (1st level)
Kosovo Kosovo[a] општина / opština   oпштине / opštine municipalities of Kosovo (Albanian: komuna, plural: komunë)[1][2] (1st level)
Montenegro Montenegro opština / општина   opštine / oпштине municipalities of Montenegro (1st level)
Russia Russia община (obshchina)   общины (obshchiny) commune, plural: communes
Serbia Serbia општина / opština   oпштине / opštine municipalities of Serbia (2nd level)
Slovenia Slovenia občina občini občine municipalities of Slovenia (1st level)

Notes and references[edit]


a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.


  1. ^ "KPA Home". www.kpaonline.org.
  2. ^ "NGA GEOnet Names Server". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2008-01-30. Archived from the original on 2003-10-08. Retrieved 2008-01-31.