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Opština, Obshtina, Občina or Općina, Cyrillic општина or община is a local government unit, most commonly translated as municipality in English. It is used by the following countries:

Country Singular Dual Plural related article
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina opština, općina, општина   opštine, općine, oпштине municipalities of Bosnia and Herzegovina (3rd level in FBiH, 2nd level in RS)
Bulgaria Bulgaria община, (obština)   общини, (obštini) municipalities of Bulgaria (2nd level)
Croatia Croatia općina   općine municipalities of Croatia (2nd level)
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia општина, (opština)   oпштини, (opštini) municipalities of the Republic of Macedonia (1st level)
Kosovo Kosovo[a] општина, (opština)   oпштине, (opštine) municipalities of Kosovo (Albanian: Komuna)[1][2] (1st level)
Montenegro Montenegro opština, општина   opštine, oпштине municipalities of Montenegro (1st level)
Russia Russia община, (obshchina)   общины, (obšchiny) commune
Serbia Serbia општина, opština   oпштине, opštine municipalities of Serbia (2nd level)
Slovenia Slovenia občina občini občine municipalities of Slovenia (1st level)

Notes and references[edit]


a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 113 out of 193 United Nations member states, 10 of which have subsequently withdrawn recognition.


  1. ^ "KPA Home". www.kpaonline.org.
  2. ^ "NGA GEOnet Names Server". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2008-01-30. Archived from the original on 2003-10-08. Retrieved 2008-01-31.