Opatówek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Opatówek (disambiguation).
Opatówek
Town
Opatówek from the pond
Opatówek from the pond
Coat of arms of Opatówek
Coat of arms
Opatówek is located in Poland
Opatówek
Opatówek
Coordinates: 51°44′N 18°14′E / 51.733°N 18.233°E / 51.733; 18.233
Country Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
Powiat Kalisz County
Gmina Opatówek
Established before 1246
City rights before 1331–1870, 2017
Government
 • Mayor Wojciech Jaskóła
Area 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population (2006) 10,000
 • Urban 3,800
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62-860
Area code(s) +48 62
Car Plates PKA
Website www.opatowek.pl

Opatówek [ɔpaˈtuvɛk] is a town of 3,800 inhabitants situated 10 km southeast from Kalisz, county (Powiat) of Kalisz County in the province of Wielkopolska, Poland. The commune (Gmina) of Opatówek, including the town of Opatówek and 26 other villages, has about 10,000 inhabitants and is an agricultural and industrial region. (See also Commune Opatówek.)

Landscape[edit]

The commune is situated in a picturesque landscape of the Opatówek-Malanów Hills. The hills of Chełmce (187 m), Rajsko (177.2 m) and Tłokinia Kościelna (164.7 m) dominate the valleys of rivers Pokrzywnica, Cienia and Swędrnia. The neighbour comunes of the commune Opatówek are: Żelazków, Ceków-Kolonia and Koźminek in the north, Szczytniki in the east, Godziesze Wielkie in the south and the city of Kalisz in the west. The architecture of Opatówek is dominated by the Neo-Gothic and classicistic style of the 19th century the most successful time of the town during the booming years of industrialism. The region of Opatówek is mostly notable for its fruitful, agricultural landscape and several rivers and lakes.

History of Opatówek[edit]

Early settlements[edit]

After early Celtic settlements the region was settled between 400 BC and 300 AD by Lugii. Kalisz was an important station of the Amber Road called Calisia.

Medieval and modern times[edit]

Opatówek belonged to archbishops of Gniezno since the 13th century, who probably helped it to obtain municipal rights. The archbishop Jarosław of Bogoria and Skotnik built a brick church and a castle here in about 1360, which were visited by outstanding clergymen and civil dignitaries. Both buildings stood until the beginning of the 19th century. From 1655 until 1660 the area was occupied by Sweden. In 1706 was the great battle close to Kalisz between Saxon and Swedish armies that involved 50000 soldiers all together. The Saxon army helped by the Russian army defeated Swedish army and Polish soldiers led by Stanisław Leszczyński.

In 1793 the archbishops' property was confiscated by the Prussian authorities; since 1807 it belonged to general Józef Zajączek, the future governor of the Kingdom of Poland. In that time many buildings designed by the most outstanding architects were constructed; moreover, the governor carried out reforms in his property which enabled the economical development in this area.

Also Napoleon's Grande Armée passed the Kalisz County at the French invasion of Russia (1812). After the Vienna Congress 1815 Poland came under Russian government as Congress Poland until World War I.

Industrial Revolution and the 19th century[edit]

Old houses in Opatówek

Beginning of the 19th century the industrial revolution did not stop at Poland. Several German industrialist's started running branches cross border. Cities on both sides of the border started booming.

With the foundation of the big weaving mill by Adolf Gottlieb Fiedler, a Saxon industrialist, Opatówek started booming. Fiedler established one of the biggest weaving mills in the Kingdom of Poland in 1824-26. The government of Polish Kingdom created very good conditions for the development of industry. Adolf Gottlieb Fiedler received a big loan from the polish government to build the factory in Opatowek. Also in spite of lower salaries he followed other cloth producers to eastern regions at the time of the German industrial revolution. The German investments in Poland were followed by Saxon and bohemian specialists to run the factories. There they found cheap workers, water power and they brought in their knowhow. The factory of Opatówek employed 600 workers and the company won several international prizes with their products. The Opatówek factory was the cash cow of Fiedler's company. The town grew with great speed.

In 1870, Opatówek lost its municipal rights as a result of the suppression after the January Uprising and because of the economical decay. In the end of the 19th century a Wooden Toys Factory was established in Opatowek, whose products won numerous prizes at European expositions. The profit-making, well organised property yielded a big profit to the next owners.

The 20th century[edit]

Fence created under General Zajaczek surrounding the garden

At the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, Opatówek was, like most cities of Greater Poland, touched by independence movements against Prussia and Russia. This Greater Poland Uprising led after World War I to the Second Polish Republic. After the Invasion of Poland (1939) the responsibility of Kalisz and Kalisz County moved to Litzmannsdorf (Łódź). There have been several resistance movements, most of them were detected by the Gestapo. After World War II there have been several regional changes. During the Gomułka government (1956–1970) the economy of the whole region stood still, not only because of the iron curtain. The following government, that of Edward Gierek, brought fresh wind into the region and economy grew again. Since 1990 the Third Polish Republic was founded. All Polish provinces were restructured again and Opatówek became part of Kalisz County in the restructured province Greater Poland.

Today[edit]

Nowadays there are about 800 private firms in the commune of Opatówek. They deal with production, trade or services. The Bank Spółdzielczy Ziemi Kaliskiej and a branch of the PKO Bank deal with financial service of the inhabitants, institutions and firms. In 1998 the Garden and Agriculture Fair "Pamiętajcie o ogrodach" took place in Opatówek for the first time. The local gardeners and fruit-growers, as well as exhibitors from all over the country and abroad participate in it every year. In 2001 the seventh Country-wide Youth Games for Summer Sports "Wielkopolska 2001" was inaugurated at the artificial lake in Szałe. The commune Opatówek was the host of the rowing and mountain cycling competition. The following Games for Water sports took place in summer 2004. The lake can be visited on board of the tourist ship Opatówek. The commune is represented every year by the football team "Sparta" at the regional competition. In 2006 a modern sports hall has been built where the national and international volleyball matches were held. Since 1 January 2017 Opatówek gain back their municipal rights.[1]

Cultural offerings[edit]

Museum[edit]

Museum, former cloth fabric

The Museum of the History of Industry features a collection showing the development of industry in the Kalisz region since the beginning of the 19th century. It also contains the biggest collection of pianos and fortepianos produced on the Polish territory of Poland (in the historic building of former cloth factory). The museum was put down on the International Committee for Preservation of Industrial Heritage list. Concerts, conferences and different events (among others, the yearly musical event "Opatówecki Salon Muzyczny") take place here.

Monuments[edit]

Iron Bridge in the park
Saint Nepomuk
  • A little bridge in the park, which is the oldest existing bridge made of cast iron in the former Kingdom of Poland
  • Former Adolf Gottlieb Fiedler cloth mill factory built in the style of classicism (1824), today Industry History Museum of Opatowek
  • There are some monuments from the General Zajączek's times, among them the so-called "cake shop", the palace annexe, and the farm workers’ houses.

Churches[edit]

Church

There are 4 parish churches in the commune.

  • The oldest one - the Saint Michael Archangel's church in Rajsko - was built at the beginning of the 17th century (about 1607).
  • The wooden St. Jack Apostle in Tłokinia Koscielna was built in the end of the 17th century
  • The Neo-Gothic of Birth of Saint God Mother in Chełmce built in 1883 at the place of former sacred buildings.
  • The Neo-Gothic church of the St. Jesus' Heart in Opatówek was built in the beginning of the 20th century at the place of former sacred buildings.

Cultural institutions[edit]

  • The Communal Public Library in Opatówek has also got a broad scope of activity. It has two branches in Rajsko and Tłokinia Wielka; since 1999 it has played the role of the District Library in the Kalisz District. The library with the valuable collection of books is completely computerised.
  • A broad scope of activity is also executed by the communal Culture Centre in Opatówek and the Writer House (owned by NOT) in Tłokinia Kościelna.

General activities[edit]

New sports hall of Opatówek

Additional attractions[edit]

  • A narrow gauge railway from Opatowek to Zbierk, originally built for the transport of sugar-beets to the sugar factory in Zbiersk, today tourist attraction
  • A boat tour on the lake of Szałe

Geography[edit]

Another advantage is its location—10 km away from Kalisz, the big urban centre and the seat of district authorities, as well as good transport connections with Kalisz and provinces' capitals: Poznań, Łódź and Wrocław. The big transcontinental east–west motorway E30 from Berlin via Poznań, Warsaw to Moscow is just 30 km north of Opatówek under construction. Not even 100 km east, close to Łódź, there is the major east European motorway, the E75 under construction. This motorway will connect the Baltic States via Warsaw and Łódź to Prague and Athens. A cycle path runs alongside Opatówek and through the park. Tourists and travellers can find favourable conditions to take a rest in the Czarnuszka motel at the road No 12, which goes from Łęknica at the west border to Dorohusk at the Ukrainian border. Opatowek is also directly connected to Łódź and Kalisz by railway.

Education[edit]

  • a kindergarten
  • three primary schools (six classes starting at age of seven) in Cienia Druga, Sierzchow and the Janusz Kusociński School in Opatowek
  • three school groups (primary and grammar school bundled) in Chelmce, Rajsko, and Tlokinia Wielka
  • a grammar school with just new school buildings in Opatowek called Gimnazjum which has received the title of "A classy school" and won The 21st century League interdisciplinary contest. At Gimnazjum you will meet qualified, creative and helpful teachers and a lot of excellent students. More information about our school you can find here: http://gimnazjum.opatowek.pl/
  • Stanislaw Mikolajczyk school, a secondary school preparing for university and technical school for gardeners and farmers
  • Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki - a branch of the private college of Computer Science in Łódź

Villages[edit]

Borów near Kalisz, Chełmce, Cienia-Folwark, Cienia Pierwsza, Cienia Druga, Cienia Trzecia, Dębe-Kolonia, Janików, Józefów, Kobierno, Michałów Drugi, Michałów Trzeci, Nędzerzew, Nowa Tłokinia, Porwity, Rajsko, Rożdżały, Sierzchów, Szałe, Szulec, Tłokinia Kościelna, Tłokinia Mała, Tłokinia Wielka, Trojanów near Kalisz, Warszew, Zawady near Kalisz, Zduny.

Towns[edit]

Opatówek

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "O jedno miasto więcej w Wielkopolsce. Opatówek pod Kaliszem w nowy rok wchodzi z burmistrzem". poznan.wyborcza.pl (in Polish). Gazeta Wyborcza. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°44′N 18°14′E / 51.733°N 18.233°E / 51.733; 18.233