List of open-source computing hardware
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Partially open-source hardware
Hardware that uses closed source components
- Tinkerforge RED Brick, executes user programs and controls other Bricks/Bricklets standalone
- Banana Pi, uses low-power processors with an ARM core; runs Linux, Android, and OpenWRT
- BeagleBoard, uses low-power Texas Instruments processors with an ARM Cortex-A8 core; runs Ångström distribution (Linux)
- IGEPv2, an ARM OMAP 3-based board designed and manufactured by ISEE in Spain. Its expansion boards are also open-source.
- OLinuXino, designed with KiCad by OLIMEX Ltd in Bulgaria
- PandaBoard, a variation of the BeagleBoard
- Rascal, an ARM based Linux board that works with Arduino shields, with a web server that includes an editor for users to program it in Python. Hardware design files released under the Creative Commons BY-SA license.
- 96Boards (Includes but not limited to, DragonBoard 410c, HiKey, HiKey960, Bubblegum-96 and more...)
- Parallella single board computer with a manycore coprocessor and field-programmable gate array (FPGA)
Motorola 68000 series
- Minimig – a re-implementation of an Amiga 500 using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA).
- Suska - a re-implementation of an Atari STe using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA).
National Semiconductor NS320xx series
- HiFive1 is an Arduino-compatible development kit featuring the Freedom E310, the industry's first commercially available RISC-V SoC
- HiFive Unleashed "is a Linux development platform for SiFive’s Freedom U540 SoC, the world’s first 4+1 64-bit multi-core Linux-capable RISC-V SoC."
- HiFive Unmatched is a mini-ITX motherboard that features "a SiFive FU740 processor coupled with 8 GB DDR4 memory and 32 MB SPI Flash. It comes with a 4x USB 3.2 ports and a 16x PCIe expansion slot."
- Banana pi BPI-R2 with MTK MT7623N Banana pi BPI-R64 with MTK MT7622 Banana pi BPI-W2 with Realtek RTD1296
- Turris 1.0 and Turris 1.1, two QorIQ-based routers designed in the Czech republic
- Novena, a notebook computer that uses a 1.2 GHz quad-core Freescale processor closely coupled with a Xilinx FPGA
- VIA OpenBook, a netbook case design released by VIA Technologies
Handhelds, palmtops, and smartphones
- Ben NanoNote, a palmtop PC based on the MIPS architecture
- Openmoko, a smartphone containing a single-board computer equipped with a GSM/UMTS modem
- Simputer, a handheld computer released in 2002
Respects Your Freedom certified
- Raptor Computing Systems Marketed as secure and owner-controllable with free and open-source software and firmware.
- Vikings RYF certified
Fully open-source hardware
Hardware that has no closed source dependencies
- Freeduino – an open-source physical computing platform based on a simple I/O board and a development environment that implements the open source Processing / Wiring language. Also clones of this platform including Freeduino.
- Tinkerforge – a platform comprising stackable microcontrollers for interfacing with sensors and other I/O devices.
- Ethernut, embedded Ethernet adapters
- IOIO, a board that allows Android applications to interface with external electronics
- PLAICE, a device that combines a flash memory programmer, in-circuit emulation, and a multichannel logic analyzer. It runs uClinux.
- Tinkerforge, a platform comprising stackable microcontrollers for interfacing with sensors and other I/O devices
- Twibrigh RONJA, a 10 Mbit/s full duplex FSO wireless optical network adapter from 2001
- Amber is an ARM-compatible 32-bit RISC processor. Amber implements the ARMv2 instruction set.
- LEON, a 32-bit, SPARC-like CPU created by the European Space Agency
- OpenPOWER, based on IBM's POWER8 and newer multicore processor designs
- OpenSPARC, a series of open-source microprocessors based on the UltraSPARC T1 and UltraSPARC T2 multicore processor designs
- Parallax P8X32A Propeller is a multicore microcontroller with an emphasis on general-purpose use
- ZPU, a small, portable CPU core with a GCC toolchain. It is designed to be compiled targeting FPGA
- Zet (hardware), x86 implementation on programmable logic
- OpenRISC 1200, an implementation of the open source OpenRISC 1000 RISC architecture
- J-Core, an implementation of the SuperH with some extensions
- MIPS
- Power, which originated from IBM's POWER ISA
- RISC-V, a RISC ISA that originated in 2010 at the University of California, Berkeley
- Bug Labs, a US technology company that began by developing and selling open-source hardware peripherals for rapid prototyping of electronics
- LowRISC, a non-profit organization that aims to develop open hardware
- M-Labs, developers of the Milkymist system on a chip
- Open Compute Project, an organization for sharing designs of data center products among companies
- Open Graphics Project, a project that aims to design a standard open architecture for graphics cards
- OpenCores, a loose community of designers that supports open-source cores (logic designs) for CPUs, peripherals and other devices. OpenCores maintains an open-source on-chip interconnection bus specification called Wishbone
- OpenHW Group is a not-for-profit organization for hardware/software collaboration to generate production-ready open cores and related tooling infrastructure
- OpenRISC is a group of developers working to produce a very-high-performance open-source RISC CPU.
- Katherine Noyes. "Tiny $57 PC is like the Raspberry Pi, but faster and fully open". PCWorld. 2012.
- "HiFive1: Open Source, Arduino-Compatible RISC-V Dev Kit". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
- "SiFive HiFive Unleashed Getting Started Guide" (PDF). SiFive. SiFive, Inc. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "SiFive launches HiFive Unmatched mini-ITX motherboard for RISC-V PC's". cnx-software. cnx-software. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
- "Hardware documentation". cz.nic. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Novena". Crowd Supply.
- "The Almost Completely Open Source Laptop Goes on Sale". Wired. 2 April 2014.
- "Novena Helps Hackers Build Their Own Laptop".
- Holbrook, Stett (April 2, 2014). "The World's First Open Source Laptop Makes Its Debut". Make. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
- "Twibright Labs - Ronja".
- "ZPU - the worlds [sic] smallest 32 bit CPU with GCC toolchain :: Overview". OpenCores.
- "J-Core Open Processor". Retrieved Jun 19, 2016.
- j-core Design Walkthrough (PDF). Embedded Linux Conference. San Diego. 6 April 2016. Retrieved Jun 19, 2016.
- "OpenHW Group". Retrieved Jan 12, 2021.