Open-source robotics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Orb swarm is an example of an open-source robot

An open-source robot is a robot whose blueprints, schematics or source code are released under an open-source hardware model.

Current projects[edit]

Full robot projects[edit]

Name Description Type
Open Robot Hardware Open Robot Hardware is intended to serve as a resource for efforts focusing on Open and Open Source mechanical and electrical hardware, with a particular focus on projects that may be useful in robotics applications, robotics research and education.[1] Open-Source Initiative/Community
Arduino Robot The Arduino Robot is the first official Arduino on wheels[2] Arduino based.
Balanduino Arduino-compatible based on Arduino. Bluetooth ready. Android app. Self-balancing robot
Thymio Thymio is an educative robot with two wheels and many sensors programmed with Aseba Education.
Yale Open Hand Project Customizable, 3D-printed, adaptive robotic hand from Yale University.[3] Robot Hands
Hexy Open-Source, Low-Cost Hexapod Kit[4] Hexapod
Sparki Introductory arduino-powered robot.[5] Education
DoraBot DORA Opensource Robotic Assistant, opensource general purpose service robot.[6] general purpose
LH001 Open Hardware Medical-Research liquid handling robot.[7] liquid handling
Salvius Open-source humanoid robot project.[8] humanoid
Sparky Jr. Mobile Telepresence Research Project, Est. 1994[9] -
Open Automaton Project[10] - -
Leaf Project[11] - -
RobotCub Including iCub -
DARwIn-OP - humanoid
DroidBot Android Robot controlled over Bluetooth by App Inventor[12] Arduino components
Molecubes Open source modular robotics[13][14] Modular design
NimbRo-OP[15] - humanoid
Poppy-project[16] The Poppy project aims at building an Open-source humanoid platform based on robust, flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. Education, Research
OpenRAVE - -
e-puck mobile robot An open-hardware, education oriented, mobile robot. education
InMoov[17] An open-hardware and open-source 3D printed life-size humanoid robot. As software MyRobotLab[18] is used. humanoid
Open-source Micro-robotic Project An open-source space swarm robot project. -
Qwerkbot[19] Simple open-source robot from Carnegie Mellon University -
Orb swarm[20] - education-
OHMM[21] Open-hardware mobile manipulator -
OpenROV[22] Open-source underwater robot education and exploration
Axemblo (ex Rackbot)[23] An open-source aluminium system to build robots controlled by arduino and smartphones -
multiplo Building system with open-source hardware, electronics, software and documentation for prototyping robots[24] -
ArduCopter Flying robot framework with hardware and software based on Arduino
OpenPilot Flying robot framework with hardware and software based on STM32 microcontroller
Paparazzi Project Flying robot framework with hardware and software based on the Lisa/S chip
PX4 autopilot Flying robot framework with hardware and software based on the STM32F427 Cortex M4 core with FPU
Slugs Flying robot framework with hardware and software
RepRap 3D printer robot 3D printer[25] - -
Willow Garage - -
Tingu Open-source humanoid robot project. humanoid
Ardumower[26] open-source robotic lawn mower based on Arduino Mega -
r-One[27] An Advanced, Low-Cost Robot for Research, Teaching, and Outreach Education
Meccanoids[28] An Advanced, Modular, Low-Cost Robot based on Meccano Education, Experiments

Open-source software[edit]

Open-source hardware[edit]

Further information: Open-source hardware


  • Lower-cost. Costs of a robot can be decreased dramatically with prominent examples being the robots being built by Hanson ($300) and project aiko ($25000)
  • Interchangeable software and/or hardware


A first sign of the increasing popularity of building robots yourself can be found with the DIY community. What began with small competitions for remote operated vehicles (e.g. Robot combat), soon developed to the building of autonomous telepresence robots as Sparky and then true robots (being able to take decisions themselves) as the Open Automaton Project and Leaf Project. Certain commercial companies now also produce kits for making simple robots.


At present, open-source robots are not yet sophisticated enough to perform much of the tasks a person can do, nor perform difficult or complicated tasks that only robots may—one day—provide; this being:

  • metalworks (precise metal sheets and pipe-bending, sheet/pipe cutting; e.g. via Multimachine and/or other embedded tools as cramps, pliers, ...)
  • translator for many languages (including the main languages as Mandarin, English, Spanish, Bengali, Hindi, etc.)
  • calorie-counter for the robot-owner; counting the calories of food items the owner eats and preventing him from eating more that day when he reaches 2000 kcal
  • building electronic circuitry (PCB-boards)
  • transportation; this e.g. by riding on the back, similar as on a horse (the latter allowing the robot to return to the appearance of a normal person after disembarking)
  • personal protection (robots, being made of metal, are able to withstand quite some beating and may be learned to incapacitate attackers by punching or Less-lethal weapons[43])
  • bomb disposal and/or the making of explosive compounds for bomb disposal (e.g. on the owner's farming fields e.g. in developing countries as Cambodia, countries south and north of the sahara as Angola, Western Sahara, Libia, ..) or destruction of obstacles or to prepare building sites
  • providing communication through a small computer (e.g. Linutop, EeeBox, gPC, and integrated satellite Internet uplink or long-range Wi-Fi or WiMAX-antenna). The type of communication may include: active searching on webpages (browsing), e-mail, text and or audio based communication with others (e.g. VoIP calls; both to distant users via Internet as local VoIP-communication to team members in close proximity), ...
  • The use of RepRaps and other 3-D printers for rapid prototyping, art, toy manufacturing, educational aides, and open-source appropriate technology

Despite this however, some DIY builders are already looking to helpful activities that can be performed today as vacuum cleaning, floor washing and automated mowing.[44][45]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Open Robot Hardware – Open Robot Hardware is intended to serve as a resource for efforts focusing on Open and Open Source mechanical and electrical hardware, with a particular focus on projects that may be useful in robotics applications, robotics research and education.". Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Arduino Robot
  3. ^ "Yale Open Hand Project – Customizable, 3D-printed, adaptive robotic hand from Yale University.". GrabLab, Yale University. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hexy – Open Source Low Cost Fully Articulating DIY Robot Kit". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Sparki – The Easy Robot for Everyone". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Dorabot - Robots for Everyone". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "carlcrott/LH001 · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Salvius the Robot". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Sparky JR - sparky the dog". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Open Automaton Project". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Home Page". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  12. ^ My Droid Robot controlled by App Inventor
  13. ^ Researchers build a robot that can reproduce
  14. ^ Molecubes - Open Source Modular Robotics
  15. ^ "NimbRo-OP Humanoid Open Platform". Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "Poppy Project". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "InMoov » open-source 3D printed life-size robot". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "OrbSWARM". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  21. ^ "Open Hardware Mobile Manipulator (OHMM)". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "OPENROV". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  23. ^ "Axemblo". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  24. ^ "Multiplo - Open source robotics building system". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  25. ^ "Thecorpora S.L.". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  26. ^ Markus. "Welcome to". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  27. ^ "r-one - Multi-Robot Systems Lab - Rice University, Houston TX". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  28. ^ "Meccanoid G15KS". 
  29. ^ BlueBots on Google Play.
  30. ^ Amarino
  31. ^ Android accelerometer/ Bluetooth / Arduino controlled robot.
  32. ^ "Robots - ROS Wiki". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  33. ^ "Gostai Urbi goes open source". ZDNet. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  34. ^ ROS.
  35. ^ Julián da Silva Gillig. "Minibloq". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  36. ^ Arduino Robotics Tutorials
  37. ^ Arduino Software
  38. ^ How to control Arduino board using an Android phone.
  39. ^ Magician Chassis
  40. ^ Ardumoto.
  41. ^ Ardumoto- Motor Driver Shield
  42. ^ Raspberry Pi robots
  43. ^ "Tmsuk security robots". Engadget. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  44. ^ "DIY commercial vacuum robot". The Red Ferret Journal. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  45. ^ "DIY Roomba preposition on Arduino motherboard". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 

External links[edit]