This article appears to contain a large number of buzzwords. (December 2011)
VIRES Simulation screenshot using OpenDRIVE
(17 February 2019 )
|Container for||Road network logic description|
|Open format?||YES (see  )|
OpenDRIVE is an open format specification to describe a road network's logic. Its objective is to standardize the logical road description to facilitate the data exchange between different driving simulators.
The initial release of OpenDRIVE was version 0.7 in 2005, as of May 2020 the current release is version 1.6.
OpenDRIVE files are designed to describe entire road networks with respect to all data belonging to the road environment. They do not describe the entities acting on or interacting with the road. The OpenDRIVE data is made available to e.g. Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Simulation via a layer of routines for the evaluation of the information contained in the OpenDRIVE file.
OpenDRIVE is managed by VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH and the OpenDRIVE community. The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a core team of driving simulation experts. With the publication in 2006 members of BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH, Daimler AG, DLR e.V., Fraunhofer-Institut IVI, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG, Rheinmetal Defence Electronics GmbH and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH joined the initiative. The associated website maintained by VIRES GmbH is intended to be the focal point for all activities involving OpenDRIVE.
Considering applications with a demand to road surface description, OpenDRIVE refers to special data structures holding these surface data. OpenCRG the microscopic brother is available taking care of the provision and evaluation of road surface descriptions. An implementation of OpenCRG into the OpenDRIVE file format specification has already been established in January 2008.
The OpenDRIVE initiative was started in 2005 by Daimler Driving Simulator, Stuttgart and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH. With the publication of the initiative in 2006, other companies joined OpenDRIVE. In September 2018 OpenDrive was transferred to ASAM and is now continued under the name of ASAM OpenDRIVE.
The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a core team of driving simulation experts. The team members as of January 2010 are (alphabetical order by company):
- Martin Strobl - BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH
- Hans Grezlikowski - Daimler AG, Germany
- Andreas Richter - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Germany
- Dr. Günther Nirschl - Fraunhofer-Institut IVI, Germany
- Ekkehard Klärner - Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
- Dr. Bernhard Bock - Rheinmetall Electronics GmbH, Germany
- Ingmar Stel - TNO, the Netherlands
- Marius Dupuis - VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH, Germany
- Mats Lidström - VTI, Sweden
The OpenDRIVE file format provides the following features:
- XML format
- hierarchical structure
- analytical definition of road geometry
- (plane elements, elevation, crossfall, lane width etc.)
- various types of lanes
- junctions incl. priorities
- logical inter-connection of lanes
- signs and signals incl. dependencies
- signal controllers (e.g. for junctions)
- road surface properties
- road and road-side objects
- user-definable data beads
The evaluation of the logics data can be simplified by using a library which can be linked to various applications and serves as the standard interface between the OpenDRIVE data contained in the XML files and the evaluation of the road data within the application. Tools for OpenDRIVE which are available via the website of VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH or linked sites of partners include:
Real-Time Road Evaluation Library
- e.g. OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library[note 1]
- e.g. Road Designer ROD[note 2]
Traffic and Scenario Simulation
- e.g. OpenDRIVE Traffic and Scenario Simulation[note 3]
File Format Checker
- As the OpenDRIVE format is based on XML, validation can be performed via the Schema files available on the OpenDRIVE website.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)
|Project name||Format specification||Schema file||Release date|
||V 0.7||V 0.7||2005|
|V 1.1 Rev. D||V 1.1||2007-04-11|
|V 1.2 Rev. A||V 1.2||2008-01-06|
|V 1.3 Rev. C||V 1.3||2010-08-07|
|V 1.4 Rev. H||V 1.4||2015-11-04|
|V 1.5 Rev. M||V 1.5||2019-02-17|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to OpenDRIVE.|
- "OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library". Archived from the original on 11 August 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- "Road Designer ROD". Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- "Traffic and Scenario Simulation". Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- Dupuis, Marius e.a. (2010), "Public License Statement for OpenDRIVE Format Specification", OpenDRIVE Format Specification (VI2010.002), p. 3 http://www.opendrive.org/download.htm Missing or empty
- ASAM OpenDRIVE®, retrieved 6 November 2020
- Dupuis, Marius (2008). "OpenDRIVE Format Specification". OpenDRIVE: VIRES GmbH. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- ASAM e.V. Adopts Standards for Highly Automated Driving, retrieved 6 November 2020