OpenDRIVE (specification)

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OpenDRIVE BegImg.png
VIRES Simulation screenshot using OpenDRIVE
Filename extension.xodr
Initial release2005 (2005)
Latest release
(17 February 2019; 6 months ago (2019-02-17))
Container forRoad network logic description
Extended fromXML
Open format?YES (see [1] )

OpenDRIVE is an open format specification to describe a road network's logic. Its objective is to standardize the logical road description to facilitate the data exchange between different driving simulators.

The initial release of OpenDRIVE was version 0.7 in 2005, as of April 2019 the current release is version 1.5.[2]


OpenDRIVE files are designed to describe entire road networks with respect to all data belonging to the road environment. They do not describe the entities acting on or interacting with the road. The OpenDRIVE data is made available to e.g. Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Simulation via a layer of routines for the evaluation of the information contained in the OpenDRIVE file.

OpenDRIVE is managed by VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH and the OpenDRIVE community. The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a core team of driving simulation experts. With the publication in 2006 members of BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH, Daimler AG, DLR e.V., Fraunhofer-Institut IVI, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG, Rheinmetal Defence Electronics GmbH and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH joined the initiative. The associated website maintained by VIRES GmbH is intended to be the focal point for all activities involving OpenDRIVE.

Considering applications with a demand to road surface description, OpenDRIVE refers to special data structures holding these surface data. OpenCRG the microscopic brother is available taking care of the provision and evaluation of road surface descriptions. An implementation of OpenCRG into the OpenDRIVE file format specification has already been established in January 2008.[3]

OpenDRIVE usage.png



The OpenDRIVE initiative was started in 2005 by Daimler Driving Simulator, Stuttgart and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH. With the publication of the initiative in 2006, other companies joined in so that OpenDRIVE is now being maintained by an international board.

Core Team[edit]

The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a core team of driving simulation experts. The team members as of January 2010 are (alphabetical order by company):


The OpenDRIVE file format provides the following features:

  • XML format
  • hierarchical structure
  • analytical definition of road geometry
  • (plane elements, elevation, crossfall, lane width etc.)
  • various types of lanes
  • junctions incl. priorities
  • logical inter-connection of lanes
  • signs and signals incl. dependencies
  • signal controllers (e.g. for junctions)
  • road surface properties
  • road and road-side objects
  • user-definable data beads
  • etc.


The evaluation of the logics data can be simplified by using a library which can be linked to various applications and serves as the standard interface between the OpenDRIVE data contained in the XML files and the evaluation of the road data within the application. Tools for OpenDRIVE which are available via the website of VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH or linked sites of partners include:

Real-Time Road Evaluation Library[edit]

  • e.g. OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library[note 1]

Road Designer[edit]

Traffic and Scenario Simulation[edit]

  • e.g. OpenDRIVE Traffic and Scenario Simulation[note 3]

File Format Checker[edit]

  • As the OpenDRIVE format is based on XML, validation can be performed via the Schema files available on the OpenDRIVE website.

Version History[edit]

Project name Format specification Schema file Release date
V 0.7 V 0.7 2005
V 1.1 Rev. D V 1.1 2007-04-11
V 1.2 Rev. A V 1.2 2008-01-06
V 1.3 Rev. C V 1.3 2010-08-07
V 1.4 Rev. H V 1.4 2015-11-04
V 1.5 Rev. M V 1.5 2019-02-17

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library". Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  2. ^ "Road Designer ROD". Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Traffic and Scenario Simulation". Retrieved 4 February 2010.


  1. ^ Dupuis, Marius e.a. (2010), "Public License Statement for OpenDRIVE Format Specification", OpenDRIVE Format Specification (VI2010.002), p. 3 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Download OpenDRIVE, retrieved 3 March 2017
  3. ^ Dupuis, Marius (2008). "OpenDRIVE Format Specification". OpenDRIVE: VIRES GmbH. Retrieved 4 February 2010.

External links[edit]