OpenDRIVE (specification)

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VIRES Simulation screenshot using OpenDRIVE
Filename extension
Initial release2005 (2005)
Latest release
3 August 2021; 2 years ago (2021-08-03)
Container forRoad network logic description
Extended fromXML
Open format?YES (see [1] )

OpenDRIVE is an open format specification to describe a road network's logic. Its objective is to standardize the logical road description between different driving simulators.

The initial release of OpenDRIVE was version 0.7 in 2005, as of August 2021 the current release is version 1.7.0.[2]


OpenDRIVE files describe road networks with respect to the data belonging to the road environment. They do not describe the entities acting on or interacting with the road. The OpenDRIVE data is made available to e.g. Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Simulation via a layer of routines for the evaluation of the information contained in the OpenDRIVE file.

OpenDRIVE is managed by VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH and the OpenDRIVE community. The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a team of driving simulation experts. With the publication in 2006 members of BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH, Daimler AG, DLR e.V., Fraunhofer-Institut IVI, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG, Rheinmetal Defence Electronics GmbH and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH joined the initiative.

OpenCRG, the microscopic brother, is available taking care of the provision and evaluation of road surface descriptions. An implementation of OpenCRG into the OpenDRIVE file format specification has already been established in January 2008.[3]



OpenDRIVE was started in 2005 by Daimler Driving Simulator, Stuttgart and VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH. With the publication of the initiative in 2006, other companies joined OpenDRIVE. In September 2018 OpenDrive was transferred to ASAM[4] and is now continued under the name of ASAM OpenDRIVE.

Core Team[edit]

The OpenDRIVE standard is reviewed and released by a core team of driving simulation experts. The team members as of January 2010 are (alphabetical order by company):


The OpenDRIVE file format provides the following features:

  • XML format, hierarchical structure
  • analytical definition of road geometry (plane elements, elevation, crossfall, lane width etc.)
  • various types of lanes
  • junctions incl. priorities
  • logical inter-connection of lanes
  • signs and signals incl. dependencies
  • signal controllers (e.g. for junctions)
  • road surface properties
  • road and road-side objects
  • user-definable data beads



Evaluation of the logics data can be simplified by using a library, which serves as the standard interface between the OpenDRIVE data contained in the XML files and the evaluation of the road data within the application. Tools for OpenDRIVE are available via the website of VIRES Simulationstechnologie GmbH or linked sites of partners include:

Real-Time Road Evaluation Library[edit]

  • e.g. OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library[note 1]

Road Designer[edit]

Traffic and Scenario Simulation[edit]

  • OpenDRIVE Traffic and Scenario Simulation[note 3]
  • DYNA4 [5]

Version History[edit]

Project name Format specification Schema file Release date
V 0.7 V 0.7 2005
V 1.1 Rev. D V 1.1 2007-04-11
V 1.2 Rev. A V 1.2 2008-01-06
V 1.3 Rev. C V 1.3 2010-08-07
V 1.4 Rev. H V 1.4 2015-11-04
V 1.5 Rev. M V 1.5 2019-02-17
V 1.6 V 1.6 2020-03-12
V 1.7 V 1.7 2021-08-03

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "OpenDRIVE Real-Time Library". Archived from the original on 11 August 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  2. ^ "Road Designer ROD". Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Traffic and Scenario Simulation". Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.


  1. ^ Dupuis, Marius e.a. (2010), "Public License Statement for OpenDRIVE Format Specification", Detail, OpenDRIVE Format Specification (VI2010.002), p. 3
  2. ^ ASAM OpenDRIVE®, retrieved 11 November 2021
  3. ^ Dupuis, Marius (2008). "OpenDRIVE Format Specification". OpenDRIVE: VIRES GmbH. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  4. ^ ASAM e.V. Adopts Standards for Highly Automated Driving, retrieved 6 November 2020
  5. ^ Dr. Kaths, Jakob (2020), Standards for Virtual Test Drives (PDF), Vector Informatik GmbH, retrieved 21 April 2023

External links[edit]