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Odoo Official Logo.png
Odoo ent.png
Original author(s) Fabien Pinckaers
Developer(s) Odoo S.A.
Initial release February 2005; 12 years ago (2005-02)
Stable release
11.0 / October 4, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-10-04)
Preview release
10.0 / October 5, 2016; 13 months ago (2016-10-05)
Repository github.com/odoo/odoo
Written in Python, JavaScript, XML
Operating system Linux, Unix-like, OS X, Windows, iOS, Android
Type ERP, CRM, Accounting, CMS,E-commerce
License "Community" version: GNU Lesser General Public License v3
"Enterprise" version: Proprietary license
Website www.odoo.com

Odoo is an all-in-one management software that offers a range of business applications that form a complete suite of enterprise management applications targeting companies of all sizes. Odoo is an all-in-one business software including CRM, Website/e-Commerce, billing, accounting, manufacturing, warehouse- and project management, and inventory.[1]

Odoo offers two separate versions of the solution; Odoo Community and Odoo Enterprise versions. The Community version is the open source version while the Enterprise version supplements the Community edition with commercial features and services. The Source code for the OpenObject framework and core ERP (enterprise resource planning) modules is curated by the Belgium-based Odoo S.A. The last fully featured Open Source version was 8.0 (LTS), available on GitHub under AGPLv3.[2] Odoo is the most popular open source ERP system.[3]

Source code model[edit]

From inception, Odoo S.A / OpenERP S.A have released software as Open Source but starting with the V9.0 release, the company has transitioned to an open core model which provides subscription-based proprietary Enterprise software and cloud-hosted Software as a service, and a cut-down community version.

Community & network[edit]

In 2013, the not-for-profit Odoo Community Association [4] was formed to promote the widespread use of Odoo and to support the collaborative development of Odoo features. This organisation has over 150 members who are a mix of individuals and organisations. However, there are over 20,000 people that contribute to the Odoo community.

Odoo S.A. switched its focus from being a service company to focus more on software publishing and the SaaS business. Customized programming, support, and other services, are provided by an active global community and a network of over 700 official partners and integrators.[5]

Modules / components[edit]

The main Odoo components are the OpenObject[6] framework, about 30 core modules (also called official modules) and more than 3000 community modules.

Educational use[edit]

Odoo has been used as a component of university courses,[7] and it became a compulsory subject for the baccalaureate in France, just like Word, Excel and PowerPoint.[8] A study on experiential learning suggested that OpenERP[9] provides a suitable alternative to proprietary systems to supplement teaching.

Odoo also offers a completely free programme called Odoo Education, which allows teachers and/or students to create an Odoo database for academic purposes.[10]

Books & publications[edit]

Several books have been written about Odoo,[11] some covering specific areas such as accounting[12] or development.[13]


Odoo has received several awards including Trends Gazelle, Deloitte Technology Fast 50 Award [14] and the BOSSIE Award[15] four years in a row. [16][17][18][19][20]

Software & architecture[edit]

Odoo uses Python scripting and PostgreSQL database. The software is accessed via a web browser in a one page app developed in JavaScript. The Community edition repository is on GitHub.

Vendor support[edit]

The 3 last LTS version are supported in parallel. This means that when a new LTS version is released, an older version reaches its end-of-life, and is not supported anymore. As an example, 8.0 LTS will be supported along with 9.0 LTS and 10.0 LTS, but will reach end-of-life when 11.0 LTS is released.

Company history[edit]

In 2005, Fabien Pinckaers, the founder and current CEO of Odoo, started to develop his first software product, TinyERP. His dream was for his product and company to become a major player in the enterprise world with a cool, innovative, open source product. However, three years later he came to realize that having the word ‘tiny’ in the product name was not the right approach if he wanted to “change the enterprise world”. The name was then changed to OpenERP. The company started to evolve quickly and in 2010, OpenERP had become a 100+ employee company. The OpenERP product was powerful, but Fabien Pinckaers felt that they had become too distracted by providing services to customers that the product had suffered and become unattractive. He wanted to make sure that the product came first in order to be able to offer an exceptional product. Therefore, the decision was made to redirect the company’s main focus towards software publishing rather than services, and the business model changed accordingly, with increased focus on building a strong partner network and maintenance offers. [21]

The new company strategy was well received, as the fast growth indicated, and in 2013 it won a Deloitte award for being that fastest growing company in Belgium, with 1549% growth over a five-year period.[22] In 2014, things took a turn as the company developed new technology that allowed them to enter new markets and move beyond the boundaries of traditional ERP players. As OpenERP was no longer exclusively an ERP it was time to move forward and change the name to something that didn’t affiliate them with solely being an ERP. In May 2014, the company was renamed Odoo, a name that has no restrictions and can allow the company to grow in whichever direction.[23] The company has continued its growth and in 2015, Odoo was named one of the fastest growing companies in Europe by Inc. Magazine.[24]

Release history[edit]

  Old version, no official support, community support only
  Long Term Stable[25] version, still supported
  Latest version
  Future version
Program name Version Release date Significant changes Software license
Tiny ERP 1.0 February 2005 First release GNU GPL
2.0 May 2005 GNU GPL
3.0 September 2005 GNU GPL
4.0 December 2006 GNU GPL
OpenERP 5.0 April 2009 GNU GPL
6.0 January 2011 First web client GNU AGPL[26]
6.1 February 2012 First Ajax web client, discontinued GTK client GNU AGPL
7.0 December 22, 2012 Improved web client and usability GNU AGPL
Odoo 8.0 September 18, 2014 Revamped Inventory and WMS, Support for CMS: Website builder, e-commerce, point of sale and business intelligence GNU AGPL
9.0 October 1, 2015 Revamped Accounting features, Odoo Community split from Odoo Enterprise [27] GNU LGPL v3
10.0 October 5, 2016 Revamped Manufacturing features GNU LGPL v3
11.0 October 5, 2017 [28] Revamped Studio, Revamped Services Support, Revamped Reporting, moved to Python 3 [29][30][31] GNU LGPL v3
12.0 Expected For October, 2018 [32] GNU LGPL v3

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Odoo About Us". Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  2. ^ 8.0 on GitHub
  3. ^ "ERP Systems - Popularity Ranking Open Source". Retrieved November 26, 2016. 
  4. ^ Odoo Community Association (OCA) website
  5. ^ Odoo About Us
  6. ^ "Comparative Study of Open ERP and its Technologies" (PDF). International Journal of Computer Applications. 73. July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Syllabus, Winter 2009" (PDF). www.fsa.ulaval.ca. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  8. ^ "The Odoo Story". Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Experiential Learning with an Open-Source Enterprise System". aisel.aisnet.org. Retrieved June 26, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Education Program". Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  11. ^ Moss, Gregory (2015). Working with Odoo. Packt. ISBN 978-1784394554. 
  12. ^ Mader, Greg (2015). Financial Accounting with Odoo: Versions 6, 7, and 8. ISBN 1508737568. 
  13. ^ Reis, Daniel (2015). Odoo Development Essentials. Packt. ISBN 1784392790. 
  14. ^ "Three awards for Odoo in 2013". Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  15. ^ InfoWorld staff (September 17, 2013). "Bossie Awards 2013: The best open source applications". InfoWorld. Retrieved July 27, 2015. 
  16. ^ staff, InfoWorld. "Bossie Awards 2013: The best open source applications". Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  17. ^ Gene Marks (August 11, 2014). "25 Great CRM Applications You Probably Never Heard Of". Forbes. Retrieved July 27, 2015. 
  18. ^ Jaikumar Vijayan (October 21, 2010). "OpenERP aims to impress U.S. market". Computerworld. Retrieved July 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ roxannevarza. "OpenERP gets €3 million for US expansion". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved July 27, 2015. 
  20. ^ James Borck, InfoWorld. "Bossie Awards 2016: The best open source applications". 
  21. ^ "The Odoo Story". Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  22. ^ "How I Grew from 1 to 250 Employees in a Few Years". Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  23. ^ "The Odoo Story". Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Odoo named one of fastest growing companies". Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  25. ^ https://doc.odoo.com/contribute/14_release_cycle
  26. ^ https://github.com/odoo/odoo/blob/6.0/LICENSE
  27. ^ https://www.odoo.com/blog/odoo-news-5/post/more-than-ever-odoo-has-it-all-315
  28. ^ https://www.odoo.com/groups/community-59/community-25602005?mode=thread&date_begin=&date_end=
  29. ^ https://www.odoo.com/blog/odoo-news-5/post/350
  30. ^ https://www.odoo.com/forum/help-1/question/plans-for-odoo-11-110735
  31. ^ https://github.com/odoo/odoo/blob/edd23afb706b922ba2115cbaafe201ddaf94e2cc/odoo-bin#L1
  32. ^ https://twitter.com/fpodoo/status/937743649185632256

External links[edit]