OpenFog Consortium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
OpenFog Consortium
Founded19 November 2015
Key people
Chairman and President
Matt Vasey
Brent Hodges

The OpenFog Consortium (sometimes stylized as Open Fog Consortium) was a consortium of high tech industry companies and academic institutions across the world aimed at the standardization and promotion of fog computing in various capacities and fields.

The consortium was founded by Cisco Systems, Intel, Microsoft, Princeton University, Dell, and ARM Holdings in 2015 and now has 57 members across the North America, Asia, and Europe, including Forbes 500 companies and noteworthy academic institutions.[1]

The OpenFog consortium merged with the Industrial Internet Consortium, now the Industry IoT Consortium, on January 31, 2019.[2]


OpenFog was created on November 19, 2015,[3][4][5][6] by ARM Holdings,[7] Cisco Systems,[8] Dell,[9] Intel,[10] Microsoft,[11] and Princeton University.[12]

The idea for a consortium centered on the advancement and dissemination of fog computing was thought up by Helder Antunes, a Cisco executive with a history in IoT, Mung Chiang, then a Princeton University professor and now Dean of the Purdue University College of Engineering, and Dr. Tao Zhang, a Cisco Distinguished Engineer and CIO for the IEEE Communications Society then and now a manager at the National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST). The project was executed from concept to launch by Armando Pereira at PVentures Group, a Silicon Valley-based high-tech consulting firm.[13]

OpenFog released its reference architecture for fog computing on 13 February 2017.[14]

The Fog World Congress 2017, with Dr. Tao Zhang as its General Chair, was hosted in October 2017 by OpenFog, in conjunction with the IEEE Communications Society, as the first congress devoted to fog computing.[15]


OpenFog executive leadership signing an agreement with the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI).

The OpenFog Consortium is governed by its board of directors, which is chaired by Cisco Senior Director Helder Antunes. The board of directors is made up of 11 seats, each representing one of the following companies and institutions: ARM, AT&T, Cisco, Dell, Intel, Microsoft, Princeton University, IEEE,[16] GE, ZTE and Shanghai Tech University.

The consortium's general membership currently comprises 13 academic members: Aalto University, Arizona State University, California Institute of Technology, Georgia State University,[17] National Chiao Tung University, National Taiwan University, Shanghai Research Centre for Wireless Communication, Chinese University of Hong Kong, University of Colorado Boulder, University of Southern California, University of Pisa, Vanderbilt University, Wayne State University,[18] and 20 additional members: Hitachi, Internet Initiative Japan, Itochu, Kii, Nebbiolo, PrismTech,[19] NEC, NGD Systems, NTT Communications, OSIsoft, Real-time Innovations,[20] relayr, Sakura Internet, Stichting imec Nederland, Toshiba,[21] TTT Tech, Fujitsu, FogHorn Systems, TTTech and MARSEC.

Published Work[edit]

The OpenFog Consortium has published the white paper, "OpenFog Reference Architecture".[22] This document outlines the eight pillars of an OpenFog architecture:Security; Scalability; Open; Autonomy; Programmability; RAS (Reliability, Availability, and Serviceability); Agility; and Hierarchy. It also incorporates a glossary for fog computing terms.

In July 2018, the IEEE Standards Association announced it had adopted the OpenFog Reference Architecture as the first standard for fog computing.[23]


  1. ^ OpenFog Consortium - About Us: Members
  2. ^ Industrial Internet Consortium, Press release (2019-01-31). "The Industrial Internet Consortium And Openfog Consortium Join Forces". Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  3. ^ Janakiram, MSV (18 April 2016). "Is Fog Computing the Next Big Thing in the Internet of Things". Forbes Magazine. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  4. ^ Alex, Davies (20 November 2015). "Usual suspects form OpenFog Consortium". ReThink Internet of Thing Newsletter. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  5. ^ McKendrick, Joe. "Fog Computing: a New IoT Architecture?". RT Insights. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  6. ^ Princeton University, Submission to ACM (18 December 2015). "Communications of the ACM: Fog Computing Harnesses Personal Devices to Speed Wireless Networks". Association for Computing Machinery. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  7. ^ "The Open Fog Consortium and ARM". Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  8. ^ "Cisco Corporate Blog". OpenFog Consortium: An Ecosystem to Accelerate End-to-End IoT Solutions. Cisco. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Accelerating IoT: Dell and Other Leaders Create the Open Fog Consortium". Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  10. ^ "Clearing the fog: the industry doubles down on distributed cloud". Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Microsoft helps accelerate IoT with new OpenFog Consortium". Microsoft IoT Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  12. ^ "'Fog' computing harnesses personal devices to speed wireless networks". Princeton University. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  13. ^ Fierce Wireless - OpenFog Consortium welcomes more carrier input as it collaborates with ETSI
  14. ^ IoT Journal - OpenFog Consortium Releases Reference Architecture for Fog Computing
  15. ^ IoT Evolution World - Fog World Congress Keynote Faculty Runs Deep in IoT Experience
  16. ^ Gutierrez, Peter (14 April 2016). "OpenFog Consortium Bolsters Its Ranks". Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  17. ^ "GSU Joins the OpenFog Consortium". 1 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Wayne State University Joins OpenFog Consortium". 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  19. ^ "PrismTech Joins the OpenFog Consortium". 5 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  20. ^ "RTI Joins OpenFog Consortium". 22 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Toshiba Joins OpenFog Consortium". 10 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  22. ^ OpenFog Reference Architecture for Fog Computing Accessed Nov 15 2020.
  23. ^ "IEEE 1934-2018 - IEEE Standard for Adoption of OpenFog Reference Architecture for Fog Computing". Archived from the original on 2018-07-28.